LOFTER for ipad —— 让兴趣,更有趣

点击下载 关闭

LOFTER-网易轻博

读书

7373.4万浏览    10万参与
音乐随身听
摄影师:Salvatore S...

©摄影师:Salvatore Scaglione

一个人永远是讲故事的人,他生活在自己的故事和别人的故事之中,他通过故事来看他所遭遇的一切,而且他努力像他讲得那样去生活。

——萨特《恶心》

更多内容:微信公众号「每日意图」

©摄影师:Salvatore Scaglione

一个人永远是讲故事的人,他生活在自己的故事和别人的故事之中,他通过故事来看他所遭遇的一切,而且他努力像他讲得那样去生活。

——萨特《恶心》

更多内容:微信公众号「每日意图」

美卷年年

《三国演义》精装

罗贯中 著

刘世德、郑铭 点校

中华书局2005年第1版,2011年第16次印刷

32开

681页

20180821  18:04

《三国演义》精装

罗贯中 著

刘世德、郑铭 点校

中华书局2005年第1版,2011年第16次印刷

32开

681页

20180821  18:04

稀有气体

「じぶんとひとと万象といっしょに 至上福祉にいたらうとする」

『春と修羅』宮沢賢治 (「宮沢賢治全集」ちくま文庫 筑摩書房)

挑了自己喜欢的几段,可能有错字(...),格式也有点问题,lft是吃空格的怪物


-


これらについて人や銀河や修羅や海胆は 

宇宙塵をたべまたは空気や塩水を呼吸しながら 

それぞれ新鮮な本体論もかんがへませうが

それらも軍寛こゝろのひとつの風物です

たゞたしかに記録されたこれらのけしきは 

記録されたそのとほりのこのけしきで 

それが虚無ならば虚無自身がこのとほりで

ある程度まではみんなに共通いたします 


すべてこれらの命題...

『春と修羅』宮沢賢治 (「宮沢賢治全集」ちくま文庫 筑摩書房)

挑了自己喜欢的几段,可能有错字(...),格式也有点问题,lft是吃空格的怪物


-


これらについて人や銀河や修羅や海胆は 

宇宙塵をたべまたは空気や塩水を呼吸しながら 

それぞれ新鮮な本体論もかんがへませうが

それらも軍寛こゝろのひとつの風物です

たゞたしかに記録されたこれらのけしきは 

記録されたそのとほりのこのけしきで 

それが虚無ならば虚無自身がこのとほりで

ある程度まではみんなに共通いたします 


すべてこれらの命題は

心象や時間それ自身の性質として

第四次延長のなかで主張されます 


-

恋と病熱


けふはぼくのたましひは疾み 

鳥さへ正視ができない 

あいつはちやうどいまごろから

つめたい青銅の病室で 

透明薔薇の火に燃される

ほんたうにけれども妹よ

けふはぼくもあんまりひどいから

やなぎの花もとらない 


-

春と修羅 


日輪青くかげろへば

修羅は樹林に交響し 

陥りくらむ天の椀から

黒い木の群落が延び 

その枝はかなしくしげり

すべて二重の風景を 

喪神の森の梢から

ひらめいてとびたっからす 


-

風景


雲はたよりないカルボン酸

さくらは咲いて日にひかり

また風が来てくさを吹けば 

蔵られたたらの木もふるふ

さっきはすなっちに厩肥をまぶし

(いま青ガラスの模型の底になってゐる) 

ひばりのダムダム識がいきなりそらに飛びだせば

風は青い喪神をふき

黄金の草  ゆするゆする 

雲はたよりないカルボン酸 

さくらか日に光るのはゐなか風だ 


-

休息 


からだを草に投げだせば

雲には白いとこも黒いとこもあって

みんなぎらぎら湧いてゐる

帽子をとって投げつければ黒いきのこしやっぽ

ふんぞりかへればあたまはどての向ふに行く

あくびをすれば 

そらにも悪麿がでて来てひかる

このかれくさはやはらかだ 

もう極上のクッションだ
雲はみんなむしられて
青ぞらは巨きな網の目になった

それが底びかりする鉱物板だ 

よしきりはひっきりなしにやり

ひでりはパチパチ降ってくる 


-

真空溶媒(Eine Phantasie im Morgen)(注:德语,A fantasy in the morning)


融銅はまだ鵬めかず

白いハロウも燃えたたず 

地平線ばかり明るくなったり掛ったり

はんぶん溶けたり澱んだり

しきりにさっきからゆれてゐる 

おれは新らしくてパリバリの

銀杏なみきをくぐってゆく

その一本の水平なえだに

りっぱな硝子のわかものが

もうたいてい三角にかはって

そらをすきとほしてぶらさがってゐる

けれどもこれはもちろん

そんなにふしぎなことでもない 

おれはやつぱり口笛をふいて

大またにあるいてゆくだけだ 

いてふの葉ならみんな青い

冴えかへってふるへてゐる 

いまやそこらはalcohol瓶のなかのけしき

白い輝雲のあちこちが切れて 

あの永久の洞窟がのぞきでてゐる

それから新鮮なそらの海鼠の匂

ところがおれはあんまりステッキをふりすぎた 

こんなににはかに木がなくなってしばふ 

眩ゆい芝生がいっぱいいっぱいにひらけるのは

さうとも銀杏並樹なら 

もう二埋もうしろになり

野の緑青の縞のなかで 

あさの練兵をやってゐる

うらうら湧きあがる昧爽のよろこび 

氷ひばりも喘いてゐる

そのすきとほったきれいななみは

そらのぜんたいにさへ 

かなりの誘きやうをあたへるのだ

すなはち雲がだんだんあをい虚空に融けて

たうとういまは 

ころころまるめられたパラフヰンの囲ん誰になって

ぽつかりぽつかりしづかにうかぶ 

地平線はしきりにゆすれ

むかふを鼻のあかい灰いろの紳士が

うまぐらゐあるまっ白な犬をつれて

あるいてゐることはじつに明らかだ 


-

小岩井農場


この不可思議な大きな心象宙宇のなかで

もしも正しいねがひに燃えて

じぶんとひとと万象といっしょに

至上福祉にいたらうとする

それをある宗教情操とするならば

そのねがひから砕けまたは疲れ

じぶんとそれからたったもひとつのたましひと

完全そして永久にどこまでもいっしょに行かうとする 

この変態を恋愛といふ
そしてどこまでもその方向では
決して求め得られない

その恋愛の本質的な部分を

むりにもごまかし求め得ようとする 

この傾向を性感といふ

すべてこれら漸移のなかのさまざまな過程に従って

さまざまな眼に見えまた見えない生物の種類がある 

この命題は可逆的にもまた正しく

わたくしにはあんまり恐ろしいことだ

けれどもいくら恐ろしいといっても

それがほんたうならしかたない

さあはっきり眼をあいてたれにも見え

明確に物理学の法則にしたがふ 

これら実在の現象のなかから

あたらしくまっすぐに起て

明るい雨がこんなにたのしくそそぐのに

馬車が行く馬はぬれて黒い 

ひとはくるまに立って行く

もうけっしてさびしくはない

なんべんさびしくないと云ったとこで

またさびしくなるのはきまってゐる

けれどもここはこれでいいのだ 

すべてさびしさと悲傷とを焚いて

ひとは透明な軌道をすすむ
ラリックスラリックスいよいよ青く 

雲はますます縮れてひかり

わたくしはかっきりみちをまがる 


-

風景観察官 


何といふいい精神だらう 

たとへそれが韓壽いろでぼろぼろで

あるいはすこし暑くもあらうが

あんなまじめな直立や

風景のなかの敬度な人間を

わたくしはいままで見たことがない 


-

東岩手火山


この石標は

下向の道と書いてあるにさうゐない

火口のなかから提灯が出て来た 

宮沢の声もきこえる

雲の海のはてはだんだん平らになる

それは一つの雲平線をつくるのだ

雲平線をつくるのだといふのは

月のひかりのひだりから
みぎへすばやく擦過した 

一つの夜の幻覚だ

いま火口原の中に 

一点しろく蹴るもの

わたくしを呼んでゐる呼んでゐるのか

私は気圏オペラの役者です 


-

永訣の朝 


銀河や太陽気圏などとよばれたせかいの

そらからおちた雪のさいごのひとわんを ..... 

....ふたきれのみかげせきざいに

みぞれはさびしくたまってゐる
わたくしはそのうへにあぶなくたち

雪と水とのまっしろな二相系をたもち

すきとほるつめたい雫にみちた

このつややかな松のえだから

わたくしのやさしいいもうとの

さいごのたべものをもらっていかう

わたしたちがいっしょにそだってきたあひだ

みなれたちやわんのこの藍のもやうにも

もうけふおまへはわかれてしまふ 


-

無声働哭


こんなにみんなにみまもられながら

おまへはまだここでくるしまなければならないか

ああ巨きな信のちからからことさらにはなれ

また純粋やちひさな徳性のかずをうしなひ

わたくしが青ぐらい修羅をあるいてゐるとき

おまへはじぶんにさだめられたみちを

ひとりさびしく往かうとするか 

信仰を一つにするたったひとりのみちづれのわたくしが

あかるくつめたい精進のみちからかなしくっかれてゐて

毒草や蛍光菌のくらい野原をただよふとき
おまへはひとりどこへ行かうとするのだ 


わたくしのかなしさうな眼をしてゐるのは

わたくしのふたつのこころをみつめてゐるためだ

ああそんなに 

かなしく眼をそらしてはいけない 


-

青森挽歌 


さう甘えるやうに言ってから

たしかにあいつはじぶんのまはりの

眼にははっきりみえてゐる 

なっかしいひとたちの声をきかなかった

にはかに呼吸がとまり脈がうたなくなり

それからわたくしがはしって行ったとき 

あのきれいな眼が

なにかを索めるやうに空しくうごいてゐた
それはもうわたくしたちの空間を二度と見なかった

それからあとであいっはなにを感じたらう

それはまだおれたちの世界の幻視をみ

おれたちのせかいの幻聴をきいたらう

わたくしがその耳もとで 

遠いところから声をとってきて

そらや愛やりんごや風すべての勢力のたのしい根源

万象同帰のそのいみじい生物の名を

ちからいっぱいちからいっぱい叫んだとき
あいつは二へんうなづくやうに息をした

白い尖ったあごや頬がゆすれて

ちひさいときよくおどけたときにしたやうな 

あんな偶然な顔つきにみえた

けれどもたしかにうなづいた 


たしかにあのときはうなづいたのだ

そしてあんなにつぎのあさまで

胸がほとってゐたくらゐだから

わたくしたちが死んだといって泣いたあと

とし子はまだまだこの世かいのからだを感じ
ねっやいたみをはなれたほのかなねむりのなかで 

ここでみるやうなゆめをみてゐたかもしれない

そしてわたくしはそれらのしづかな夢幻が 

つぎのせかいへつゞくため
明るいいゝ匂のするものだったことを

どんなにねがふかわからない

-

オホーツク挽歌 


鳥は雲のこっちを上下する 

ここから今朝舟が滑って行ったのだ

砂に刻まれたその船底の痕と

巨きな横の台木のくぼみ 

それはひとつの曲った十字架だ 

幾本かの小さな木片で

HELLと書きそれをLOVEとなほし 

ひとつの十字架をたてることは

よくたれでもがやる技術なので

とし子がそれをならべたとき

わたくしはつめたくわらった 


-

噴火湾 


一千九百二十三年の

とし子はやさしく眼をみひらいて

透明薔薇の身熱から
青い林をかんがへてゐる 

ファゴットの声が前方にし
Funeral marchがあやしくいままたはじまり出す


-

雲とはんのき 


幻惑の天がのぞき
またそのなかにはかがやきまばゆい横雲の一列が

こころも遠くならんでゐる

これら葬送行進曲の層雲の底

鳥もわたらない滸滞な空間を

わたくしはたったひとり

つぎからつぎと冷たいあやしい幻想を抱きながら

一挺のかなづちを持って

南の方へ石灰岩のいい層を

さがしに行かなければなりません 


-

宗教風の恋 


がさがさした稲もやさしい油緑に熟し

西ならあんな暗い立派な霧でいっぱい

草穂はいちめん風で波立ってゐるのに

可哀さうなおまへの弱いあたまは

くらくらするまで青く乱れ 

いまに太田武か誰かのやうに 

眼のふちもぐちやぐちやになってしまふ 

ほんたうにそんな偏って尖った心の動きかたのくせ 

なぜこんなにすきとほってきれいな気層のなかから

燃えて暗いなやましいものをつかまへるか

信仰でしか得られないものを 

なぜ人間の中でしつかり捕へようとするか 

風はどうどう空で鳴ってるし
東京の避難者たちは半分脳膜炎になって 

いまでもまいにち過げて来るのに 

どうしておまへはそんな医される筈のないかなしみを

わざとあかるいそらからとるか 

今はもうさうしてゐるときでない

けれども悪いとかいゝとか云ふのではない 

あんまりおまへがひどからうとおもふので 

みかねてわたしはいってゐるのだ 

さあなみだをふいてきちんとたて 

もうそんな宗教風の恋をしてはいけない 

そこはちやうと両方の空間が二重になってゐるとこで

おれたちのやうな初心のものに
居られる場処では決してない 


-

風の偏倚


風が偏借して過ぎたあとでは 

クレオソートを塗ったばかりの電柱や

逞しくも起伏する暗黒山稜や 

(虚空は古めかしい月宗にみち)

研ぎ澄まされた天河石天盤の半月
すべてこんなに錯綜した雲やそらの景観が

すきとほって巨大な過去になる

五日の月はさらに小さく副生し

意識のやうに移って行くちぎれた蛋白彩の雲

月の尖端をかすめて過ぎれば 

そのまん中の厚いところは黒いのです


呼吸のやうに月光はまた明るくなり

雲の遷色とダムを超える水の音

わたしの帽子の静寂と風の塊 

いまくらくなり電車の単線ばかりまっすぐにのび

レールとみちの粘土の可塑性 

月はこの変厄のあひだ不思議な黄いろになってゐる 


-


第四梯形 


青い抱擁衝動や

明るい雨の中のみたされない唇が

きれいにそらに溶けてゆく

日本の九月の気圏です 

そらは霜の織物をつくり 

萱の穂の満潮 


いまきらめきだすその真鍮の畑の一片から

明暗交錯のむかふにひそむものはまさしく第七梯形の
雲に浮んだその最後のものだ

緑青を吐く松のむさくるしさと 

ちぢれて悼む雲の羊毛 


-

一本木野


松がいきなり明るくなって

のはらがぱっとひらければ

かぎりなくかぎりなくかれくさは日に燃え 

電信ばしらはやさしく白い碍子をっらね

ベーリング市までつづくとおもはれる 

すみわたる海蒼の天と 

きよめられるひとのねがひ

からまっはふたたびわかやいで萌え 

幻聴の透明なひばり

七時雨の青い起伏は

また心象のなかにも起伏し 

Aloha.CC

#嘻嘻书单#
📖《像世界一样宽广地活》

休完产假这一年以来,我可以说是马不停蹄地学习,接受新知识、新事物,梳理未来的职业方向,尝试各种新可能,也想过转换跑道,重新进入一个新领域,然后再经过梳理后,转回原有跑道。
 
就是在这看似毫无规划的各种学习、畅想、梳理中,我渐渐地理清了自己的思路,未来的路也很清晰的摆在我眼前,只待我一步一步前进。
 
有朋友不理解为什么在生完孩子后这么拼,我说“我想有一天可以自由职业,因为我妈没办法一直给我看孩子”。朋友听完第一反应是“那你的牺牲不是太大了吗?”
 
其实这是最表面的理由,我最希望的还是想看到自己不断的成长,可以在未来对自己说一声“原来...

#嘻嘻书单#
📖《像世界一样宽广地活》

休完产假这一年以来,我可以说是马不停蹄地学习,接受新知识、新事物,梳理未来的职业方向,尝试各种新可能,也想过转换跑道,重新进入一个新领域,然后再经过梳理后,转回原有跑道。
 
就是在这看似毫无规划的各种学习、畅想、梳理中,我渐渐地理清了自己的思路,未来的路也很清晰的摆在我眼前,只待我一步一步前进。
 
有朋友不理解为什么在生完孩子后这么拼,我说“我想有一天可以自由职业,因为我妈没办法一直给我看孩子”。朋友听完第一反应是“那你的牺牲不是太大了吗?”
 
其实这是最表面的理由,我最希望的还是想看到自己不断的成长,可以在未来对自己说一声“原来我也可以这样优秀”,可以不再局限在一个狭窄的格子间里,一边抱怨老板脑子进水,一边写着连自己都不想再看第二遍的文案。
 
所以,我在看到《像世界一样宽广地活》里,作者曹頔在30多岁,事业小有所成、有两个娃,仍然决定将老公放在国内,带娃奔赴美国读书时,并没有觉得她肯定是疯了,反而在想如果有一天,我也可以这样,我能不能做到她这么棒。
 
毕竟一个女人带着妈妈和两个孩子,到一个陌生的国度生活,光想想就觉得好难。可尽管他们四口人租住的公寓很小,写作只能在餐桌上完成,妈妈不会说英语必须等她上完课才能去买菜来做饭,也常常会遇到兵荒马乱的时刻,还好一切还可以应付得来还好孩子们依然很开心,妈妈说这两年是她最幸福的时光,只身一人在国内的老公也常对孩子说“你们的妈妈的未来和你们一样宽广”。
 
是的,即使对于一个有老公有孩子的女人来说,产后瘦身、皮肤保养、投资理财、相夫教子都排在待办事项的前端,也不要忘记自己,就像文中所说“那些藏在自信下面的自卑,躲在善良背后的虚伪,在这些连自己都快要忘记的致命要害里,站着最勇敢的自我”。
 
看着作者在这两年里,学习、实习、给孩子找学校、看妈妈一点一点的学英语,在纽约这个冷漠又热情的城市里慢慢地适应,也发表了自己很多独到的看法。从她的书里,可以看到一个人的无限可能,也明白世界太广阔,更加觉得每天坐在格子间里聊八卦、世事的我是多么的无知。
 
纵然心中感慨万千,能做到的也只是认真对待现在的工作、生活,然后期待自己真正能展翅高飞的那一天。

白水

近期看到的最带感的科幻封底和地球人在火星上最奇、最悲、最荒诞的死法。

「美国黄金时代的科幻小说,非常喜欢用各种科学技术细节去营造出一种不同于日常生活的酷炫审美。加上那一时期的科学技术发展极其迅速,人造卫星和火箭上天,科技似乎正在以一种空前强大的力量影响着人们对世界的理解。那时的美国人普遍抱有一种救世主式的心态:我是最强大的,最文明的,除了我们本土之外,其他都是野蛮落后的原始部落,我带着勇气和荣耀到处探索,圈地盘、收小弟,为全世界带去文明之光。因此在黄金年代的科幻小说里,“探索”成了很常见的一个主题,具体的套路有很多,但它们的核心精神都是一样的,就是所谓的进取心。

但是布拉德伯里却跳出了这种...

近期看到的最带感的科幻封底和地球人在火星上最奇、最悲、最荒诞的死法。

「美国黄金时代的科幻小说,非常喜欢用各种科学技术细节去营造出一种不同于日常生活的酷炫审美。加上那一时期的科学技术发展极其迅速,人造卫星和火箭上天,科技似乎正在以一种空前强大的力量影响着人们对世界的理解。那时的美国人普遍抱有一种救世主式的心态:我是最强大的,最文明的,除了我们本土之外,其他都是野蛮落后的原始部落,我带着勇气和荣耀到处探索,圈地盘、收小弟,为全世界带去文明之光。因此在黄金年代的科幻小说里,“探索”成了很常见的一个主题,具体的套路有很多,但它们的核心精神都是一样的,就是所谓的进取心。

但是布拉德伯里却跳出了这种惯性思维,不但颠覆了这种模式,而且还要从那种昂扬向上的“探索”和“进取心”的背后,挖掘出属于人类的顽固、傲慢和愚蠢。故事里对火星的探索是从1999年开始的。在最初的两年当中,人类先后有三支探险队登上了火星,但他们全都失败了。而且他们的失败和牺牲一点都不悲壮,也没什么英雄气概,反而都像是一出出的闹剧。这些探险队员,内心里都把自己当成英雄,他们来到火星就应该有火星人的鲜花和掌声来迎接,最好再有火星总统亲自接见表彰一下。没想到火星人该干嘛干嘛,根本没人在乎你。」

流白
南宁本地,请问有人来参加休闲自...

南宁本地,请问有人来参加休闲自由读书活动吗?不强制参加,有空就行,场地免费书院,自行买水。没有特别要求的读后感一类的,请问有人参加这样的团体活动吗?

南宁本地,请问有人来参加休闲自由读书活动吗?不强制参加,有空就行,场地免费书院,自行买水。没有特别要求的读后感一类的,请问有人参加这样的团体活动吗?

音乐随身听
Aron Wiesenfeld...

©Aron Wiesenfeld

任何努力决不落空,或许许多年都会了无音讯;却突然有一天你会发现你的思想已经有了影响。

——罗曼·罗兰《约翰·克利斯朵夫》

微信公众号「每日意图」

©Aron Wiesenfeld

任何努力决不落空,或许许多年都会了无音讯;却突然有一天你会发现你的思想已经有了影响。

——罗曼·罗兰《约翰·克利斯朵夫》

微信公众号「每日意图」

老的惰

推荐几本东北人写的书。

贾行家(黑龙江):《尘土》、《潦草》
蒋峰(吉林):《白色流淌一片》
双雪涛(辽宁):《平原上的摩西》、《飞行家》
郑执(辽宁):《生吞》
赵松(辽宁):《抚顺故事集》

贾行家的两本算随笔,给你旅行者和键盘侠看不到的哈尔滨。
赵松的这本算故事+随笔,除了15个人物,还穿插着抚顺的10个具体地点,后者我更喜欢——它们如同记忆深处的标识,铺就“回家”的路,筑起一个个不足为外人道的小时空。
另外四本都是小说,双雪涛的两本算中短篇集,我最喜欢;蒋峰和郑执的都是长篇,前者因仿佛狗血言情的跳脱的第五章在我心里减了分,后者表面深沉内里矫情的青春絮语部分让我有些不耐烦。

东北,人日渐少,经济...

推荐几本东北人写的书。

贾行家(黑龙江):《尘土》、《潦草》
蒋峰(吉林):《白色流淌一片》
双雪涛(辽宁):《平原上的摩西》、《飞行家》
郑执(辽宁):《生吞》
赵松(辽宁):《抚顺故事集》

贾行家的两本算随笔,给你旅行者和键盘侠看不到的哈尔滨。
赵松的这本算故事+随笔,除了15个人物,还穿插着抚顺的10个具体地点,后者我更喜欢——它们如同记忆深处的标识,铺就“回家”的路,筑起一个个不足为外人道的小时空。
另外四本都是小说,双雪涛的两本算中短篇集,我最喜欢;蒋峰和郑执的都是长篇,前者因仿佛狗血言情的跳脱的第五章在我心里减了分,后者表面深沉内里矫情的青春絮语部分让我有些不耐烦。

东北,人日渐少,经济日渐滑坡,倒好像成为文艺创作的沃土。至少,可以努力向北欧看齐了。
反正已经被网民谑称为“北欧三国”——虽然福利方面天差地别。

ELITA

/ELITA's Book List/

📖Reader's digest 07-08| 外刊| 24

▪️"Fear is the mind killer. Fear is the little black death that brings total oblivion. I will let the fear pass through me, and when the fear is gone, only I will remain."

查单词 | 欧路词典
阅读及标记 | PDF Expert
调色 | VSCO

/ELITA's Book List/

📖Reader's digest 07-08| 外刊| 24

▪️"Fear is the mind killer. Fear is the little black death that brings total oblivion. I will let the fear pass through me, and when the fear is gone, only I will remain."

查单词 | 欧路词典
阅读及标记 | PDF Expert
调色 | VSCO

然止。
我希望有个如你一般的人。 排到...

我希望有个如你一般的人。

排到签售了ヽ(゚∀゚)ノ

我希望有个如你一般的人。

排到签售了ヽ(゚∀゚)ノ

Freedom

The Walt Disney Company Behind Seven Films

预习功课读了一本"The Craft of Research",讲的是如何写学术论文。简单总结一下就是一个Practical或Reaearch的问题(前者解决生活实际问题,后者提高认知理解能力)引出自己的Claim或Argument(两者为一但从不同角度入手最好用不同的名称)列出surppoting reason和相应的靠谱的evidence。具体的前提条件做出切实可信的warrants. 从头至尾作者都在强调和读者的"想象性互动",根据读者提出的不同意见再分析alternatives,最糟糕的结果不是读者说"I don't agree...

预习功课读了一本"The Craft of Research",讲的是如何写学术论文。简单总结一下就是一个Practical或Reaearch的问题(前者解决生活实际问题,后者提高认知理解能力)引出自己的Claim或Argument(两者为一但从不同角度入手最好用不同的名称)列出surppoting reason和相应的靠谱的evidence。具体的前提条件做出切实可信的warrants. 从头至尾作者都在强调和读者的"想象性互动",根据读者提出的不同意见再分析alternatives,最糟糕的结果不是读者说"I don't agree"而是"I don't care". 最后作者还特别强调了一下剽窃问题。

从一开始主题的选择,如何找资料并判断可信度,到最后的draft,introduction怎么写,作者自己的经验,引用和比较,视觉数据如何呈现,参考书目的格式……讲的是面面俱到,很适合初学者。唯一不太喜欢的一点就是各种条条框框分的太细了,让人头晕。

一边读一边反省自己的毕业论文,发现自己的论文从一开始的“problem”上就不合格,就像书中说的是只一堆数据的堆积,claim也没有支持的reason和evidence,就好像我自己相信自己的观点所以不需要证明233333完全忽视了书中作者从头至尾强调的与读者的互动。真是难为老David了还给我打了90多分→_→

也算是自己的第一篇学术论文,记录一下,就此与本科生涯别过。

论文是关于迪士尼电影的。作为工商管理专业的学生,我把毕业论文写成了电影观后感,对此更是感激David非但丝毫没嫌我跑偏还帮我改语法错误...

——————————————————————————————

Introduction

The thesis will review and discuss how theWalt Disney Company produced films though the years. Through the production anddevelopment of seven certain remarkable films, I hereby introduce how theDisney Company started, its commercial and cultural influence, and Disney’scooperation with other companies.

For a cultural and creative enterpriselike Walt Disney, beyond commercial factors, I think the key to make asuccessful cultural product like a film is to present truly thought-provokingsubstance and to keep pace with the times to deliver modern values.

In view of the above, the main body of thethesis will focus on two aspects: commercial aspect and cultural aspect.

The first animated feature film - Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

“Magicmirror on the wall, who is the fairest one of all?”

“Lipsred as the rose. Hair black as ebony. Skin white as snow.”

A few words, paint the image of the firstDisney’s princess – Snow White – beautiful, pure, kind; also imply the reasonof her escaping experiences – her beauty, which the queen was jealous of.

Telling the story about a princess namedSnow White whose parents are dead, ran into the forest to escape from her harshstepmother and met seven dwarfs, SnowWhite and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) announced the birth of the firstfull-length animated feature film.

The first is usually the most difficultone. Before Snow White and the SevenDwarfs, the Disney studio had been primarily involved in the production ofanimated short subjects in the MickeyMouse and Silly Symphoniesseries. Walt Disney himself hoped to expand his studio by moving into features,but he had to fight to get the film produced. Both his business partner and hiswife attempted to talk him out of it, and the Hollywood movie industry referredto the film as "Disney's Folly" while it was in production. ButDisney managed to do it, at big financial cost and strong determination.

The film was a critical and commercialsuccess, international earnings of $8 million during its initial release andWalt Disney was awarded an honorary Oscar at the 11th Academy Awards. The filmwas ranked in the American Film Institute's list of the 100 greatest Americanfilms by the United States Library of Congress. Disney received both reputationand revenues, Disney Empire rose since then.

An important reason to Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs successis obvious: the film was born in the right time. The remaining influence of theGreat Depression still existed in 1930s, and people needed a warm story torediscover hope in life.

Based on the German fairy tale by theBrothers Grimm, the queen is jealous of her young stepdaughter’s beauty andsend a hunter to bring Snow White’s heart back. The dark side within humanitypromoted the story’s beginning, but the good side – the hunter’s sympathy, theseven dwarfs’ optimism and the prince’s love, allowed it to end with happiness.

You may ask: so what Snow White did? Afterall, she is the heroine of the film. Unfortunately, it seems like she didn’t doanything useful to fight against the evil queen, but wait and ask for help. Itmay be out of style in today’s feminine standpoint, but back in the earlierdays in last century, whether the values about good and evil that the filmdelivered, or both the external and internal image of a princess leaves alegacy in later generations.

An independent heroine - Beauty and the Beast

After the success of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in 1937, Walt Disney attempted toadapt Beauty and the Beast (1991)into feature films in the 1930s and 1950s but ultimately gave up because it "proved to be a challenge".Decades later, following the success of TheLittle Mermaid (1989), after script rewrite and music scored, the projectwas eventually done and became a success.

As a musical film, the theme song “Beauty and the Beast” won the AcademyAward for Best Original Song. In addition to more awards, the film was alsoselected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the Library ofCongress.

Based on the French fairy tale byJeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont, Beautyand the Beast tells the story of a girl whose name is Belle (means “beauty”in French), is trapped in a magic castle with an ugly beast (turned into from ahandsome prince) and several live objects turned by servants, to save herfather.

Started with Snow White, followingCinderella, Aurora, all these girls are kind but passive when facing evil poweruntil the Little Mermaid Ariel, who has free will of her own. The Little Mermaid brought renaissanceto Disney. Belle’s story in Beauty andthe Beast is even more impressive and made a huge progress. At last theheroine is no longer a weak princess, but a strong woman with knowledge andindependence.

The desire to control her own destinyenables Belle to refuse the ordinary life of a country girl; the knowledge shegained from books broadened her horizon and eliminated her prejudice; and inthe end it comes down to the happy ending, thanks to her falling in love withthe beast.

On the other hand, the prince is no longerperfect either. His handsome appearance was an obstacle to help him get to knowhimself and ultimately made him into a selfish and cold person alongside otherreasons. What’s more, His ending tells the idea that a person with flaws canchange, therefore he/she is forgivable and deserves a second chance.

Revealing the truth that a man/woman can’tbe judged only by his/her appearance, but more like something inside. Not likeprevious Disney princess films, it doesn’t put beauty as the heroine’s biggestadvantage. That is something, too.

Beautyand the Beast is a breakthrough among Disney’sprincess films. The heroine doesn’t have to be a princess, an ordinary daughteris an alternative. She doesn’t have to be saved by male characters, quite theopposite, the prince is the one who needs to be saved.

Adapted to a live-action film in 2017, Beauty and the Beast is a story withmany potentials even can be a guidance today.

Animated films are not only for children - The Lion King

In 1994, a famous lion was born, his roarsleft an indelible mark on the history of world animated films and unforgettablememories for several generations.

With a worldwide gross of $766 million, The Lion King finished its theatricalrun as the highest-grossing release of 1994 and the second highest-grossingfilm of all time. It garnered two Academy Awards for its achievement in musiclike “Can You Feel the Love Tonight”and the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture. The film has led to manyderived works such as a Broadway adaptation. 

The film was first conceived in late 1988during a conversation which happened on a plane to Europe. During theconversation, the topic of a story set in Africa came up, and decided thatelements involving coming of age and death would be added up. It would be anepic story happening on an ancient mainland with desert, jungle, and vastprairie – a kingdom governed by a highly regarded lion king.

TheLion King tells the story of Simba, a young lionwho is about to succeed his father as King of the Pride Lands, but he wasdeceived by his ambitious uncle and blames his father’s death on himself. Simbaflees into exile and meets two new friends in jungle. When he grows up, Simbarethinks about his life and responsibility.

Although influenced by WilliamShakespeare's Hamlet, the main idea of TheLion King is not about revenge, but growth and responsibility. Young Simbahad a good time in the jungle, living a carefree life under the motto"hakuna matata" ("no worries" in Swahili). But the guiltinside for his father’s death has never gone, so he is never free as long as heremembers who he is, or was – the rightful heir to the throne, which means theone who carries the responsibility for his subjects and ancestors.

“Rememberwho you are. You are my son and the one true king. Remember who you are.Remember. Remember. Remember…”

TheLion King is notable in that it changed people’sopinion about animated films somehow. A grand world is built, well-developedcharacters are given, and serious topics are presented. It revives WaltDisney’s opinion about animated film – it’s not supposed to be just a simplecomedy story for kids, but a serious art work for all ages. The Lion King reveals the circle of lifeand presents the growth process of a boy to become a man: face yourresponsibility that must be taken, face the truth that some wounds will nevercure and you’ll never be free. Face it, then accept it.

Pixar gives you a sci-fi future - Wall-E

WALL-E(2008) is a computer-animated science fiction film produced by Pixar AnimationStudios for Walt Disney Pictures.

Before we begin, let’s talk about Pixar.Founded by George Lucas as a part of his company Lucasfilm in 1979, thenacquired by Steve Jobs and renamed as Pixar Animation Studios in 1986, Pixar isan American studio which is famous for its computer animation films. Thecooperation between Disney and Pixar started from 1991 and produced fivecomputer-animated films including Monsters,Inc. (2001), Finding Nemo (2003)together. But the differences between the two studios set them apartafterwards, until 2006 Pixar was acquired by Disney at a valuation of $7.4billion. Now it is a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company.

WALL-Eis one of the best films that produced by Pixar and an instant blockbuster,grossing $533.3 million worldwide, and winning the 2008 Golden Globe Award forBest Animated Feature Film, the 2009 Hugo Award, the final Nebula Award, theSaturn Award and the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. The film also toppedTime's list of the "Best Movies of the Decade".

WALL-Efollows a trash-disposal robot named Wall-E who still sticks to his post in theabandoned deserted earth in 2805. However, he is visited by a guest, a probenamed Eve sent by the Axiom ship to find life signs on earth, whom he falls inlove with and pursues across the galaxy.

As a sci-fi film, WALL-E shows a negative future where earth is full of trash andabandoned advertising boards, which remain some signs of human life when therewas human on earth: a totally consumed, commercialized, and lonely planet. Sowhere has human gone? They are on the Axiom ship, after they’ve forgottenearth, their real home for a long time. Human leads a numbing comfortable lifewhere robots can get them everything. They rely on technology terribly becauseeveryone is so fat that they can’t move on their own.

While earth becoming a wasteland andpeople can’t live without machines, the film expresses concern aboutenvironment and technology. The fascinating thing is, they chose anuntraditional way to show it, through a robot who is full of humanity! At thebeginning of the film, Wall-E’s everyday life is to disposal trash, again andagain. But something romantic exists inside him. The arrival of Eve inspiredhis desire for love so that he could do anything for her, even across thegalaxy.

Despite terrible future the film sets, itstill remains hope on human, who fight against machines to return to earth andstated to rebuild home in the end. I don’t think that is likely to happen inreal world when time comes. But with so much shame in life, we need somethinglike WALL-E to warm our heart, weneed hope.

Let it go, let it go, I’m one with the wind and sky - Frozen

Frozen(2013) is a computer-animated musical fantasy film achieved both significantcommercial and critical success, which to both Disney and its crew’s surprise,earning $1.2 billion in worldwide box office revenue, ranks as thehighest-grossing animated film of all time. It won two Academy Awards for BestAnimated Feature and Best Original Song ("Let It Go"), the Golden Globe Award for Best Animated FeatureFilm, the BAFTA Award, five Annie Awards, two Grammy Awards, and two Critics'Choice Movie Awards. Audiences from all over the world replied this film withgreat passions.

Frozenfocus the story on two sisters, the princesses of Arendelle: the elder sisterElsa who is full of fear because of her icy magic power, and the younger sisterAnna who is fearless and very optimistic.

From Snow White to Rapunzel (Tangled, 2010), Disney’s princesses arerelying on men less and less and finally welcomed a complete independence in Frozen. They don’t have to be bound bymarriage; they can save themselves on their own; they get to know themselvesand dare to go against common rules.

At the beginning of the film, Anna is asimple girl who has a fantasy romance, but in the end she finds out the truththat the man who claims to love her is not like what she believed. And Elsa isthe first princess in Disney history who doesn’t get a male partner, wow that’sa big deal, what kind of independence you’d call it if a female must match witha man. Marriage is something should be blessed, not a must thing.

Same thing happens in almost all Disneyprincess films: heroine is in danger and needs to be saved. Frozen is not an exception, but Anna isnot saved by a man, but by herself, by the love she has for her sister. What islove? Frozen gives a sort ofdefinition: love is sacrifice. Like it said, “Some people are worth melting for.”

Elsa has native icy power. But under herparents’ education, instead of seeing it as a gift, she sees it as a curse andchoose to shut both her dearest sister and the world out. Elsa representspeople in real life who are on the edge zone of common values and choose toconceal themselves to be more like the others. Her power can be seen asanything that is native but against the rules of the society. After Elsa’ssecret is exposed, alone in the mountains, she finally made the decision torelease her power.

“It'stime to see what I can do / To test the limits and break through / No right, nowrong, no rules for me / I'm free”

Maybe that is what we all need to do: toform your own values and defend it. There is no such clear line between rightand wrong. Sometimes common values are not right, sometimes you are not wrong,what you need to do is just let it go.

It may be mediocre, but it’s fantasy - The Chronicles of Narnia

TheChronicles of Narnia (2005-2010) film seriesis an adaptation based on three books of a fantasy novel series of the samename by C. S. Lewis. (There are seven books in C. S. Lewis’s series.)

The first film of the series The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe(2005) was co-produced by Walden Media and Walt Disney Pictures and was highlysuccessful at the box office grossing more than $745 million worldwide. It wonthe 2005 Academy Award for Best Makeup and various other awards. However, thebox office of the remaining two films PrinceCaspian (2008) and The Voyage of theDawn Treader (2010) which were produced by Walt Disney Pictures and 20thCentury Fox respectively, were not as highly regarded.

The series focus the story on four kids,who are brothers and sisters with each other, ran into the fantasy world ofNarnia through a Wardrobe. There they started their adventures and met the kingof Narnia, the Lion Aslan.

Written by C. S. Lewis, it’s natural tocompare Narnia series with The Lord ofthe Rings series by J.R.R. Tolkien, a great linguist and writer who livedin the same era with C. S. Lewis and a good friend to him. While the reply andinfluence of both the books and the film adaptation of Narnia are not as good and big as LOTR, there is no such a comparison literally. Because Narnia is a fantasy children literaturewhile LOTR as well as other works ofTolkien (some of them were edited by his son Christopher Tolkien) like The Silmarillion, The Hobbit, UnfinishedTales of Númenor and Middle-earth, The History of Middle-earth, Beren andLúthien, Children of Húrin and so on are fantasy adult literatures.

Overview all films adapted by fantasynovel series, LOTR is an outstandingadaptation as the third film of the trilogy TheReturn of the King (2003) won 11 Academy Awards included the awards forBest Picture at the 76th Academy Awards, therefore holding the record forhighest Oscar sweep. And it’s the first time a fantasy film has done so. Harry Potter series (2001-2011, novelsby J.K. Rowling, teenager literature) is also a huge success commercially whilethe reply of other fantasy adaptations such as The Golden Compass (2007, adapted by the first book of PhilipPullman’s His Dark Materialstrilogy), Percy Jackson series(2010-2016, novels by Rick Riordan), Oz:The Great and Powerful (2013, from Frank Baum’s The Wizard of Oz series), TheDark Tower (2017, novels by Stephen King) and so on are not good that much.Even The Hobbit series (2012-2014)adapted by Peter Jackson (director of LOTRfilm series) are mildly successful.

Turn to fantasy television series area. Game of Thrones (2011-2019, adapted byGeorge R. R. Martin’s A Song of Ice andFire series) made a significant success both critically and commercially. American Gods (2017- , novels by NeilGaiman) is also a hot one. Yet other adapted TV series such as Legend of the Seeker (2008-2010, adaptedby Terry Goodkind’s The Sword of Truthseries), The Shannara Chronicles(2016- , adapted by Terry Brooks’s TheSword of Shannara trilogy), and so on are not up to much.

An epic a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away - Star Wars

StarWars is an epic space opera media franchisecentered on a film series. The original StarWars trilogy (1977-1983) and prequel trilogy (1999-2005) are created anddirected by George Lucas. A sequel trilogy (2015-2019) as well as moretrilogies and vast Star Wars Story films are/will be released by The WaltDisney Company.

With the release of the film A New Hope (later name) in 1977, Star Wars soon became a worldwide popculture phenomenon. It has spawned an extensive media franchise includingbooks, television series, computer and video games, theme park attractions andlands, and comic books, resulting in significant development of the series'fictional universe.

In 2012, The Walt Disney Company boughtLucasfilm for US$4.06 billion and earned the distribution rights to allsubsequent Star Wars films. Thisexpensive acquisition proved to be a right decision for Disney in a commercialperspective with the release of The ForceAwakens in 2015, which became the third highest-grossing box office film ofall time with a worldwide gross of over $2 billion, only below Avatar (2009) and Titanic (1997).

The original trilogy (A New Hope, The Empire Strikes Back, Return of the Jedi) focuses thestory on Luke Skywalker while the prequel trilogy (The Phantom Menace, Attack of the Clones, Revenge of the Sith)focuses on Luke’s father Anakin Skywalker. Lucas gave us epic adventures in anancient, distant galaxy of two Skywalker generations through six films. Adecade later, after Disney taken over the franchise, story core shifted intoRey, a girl who has strong force potential and a mysterious birth.

There is no doubt that Star Wars is a sci-fi film saga, but Isay it is also a fantasy story. True there is no fire-breathing dragons orwizards with pointy hats in it, but that is not the key. With the amazing power– the force – connects everything, keep swinging around the balance between thedark side and the light side, Star Warspossesses every basic factor of a fantasy work.

StarWars gives us a dream about space: the hero’sgrowth and adventure; the fight between light and dark; countless planets,races and cultures. Looking at the two setting suns on Tatooine with youngLuke, don’t you find this universe fascinating, miraculous, and amazing?

“Maythe force be with you.”

2018.5

Tra

佩尔杜还在河流之上发现了另一样东西——会呼吸的星星。
某天它们熠熠生辉,第二天却变得苍白暗淡,然后又重新明亮闪烁。
这完全与薄雾或是他的老花镜无关,事实是,他不再只盯着自己的脚看了。

它们似乎随着某种永不停息的节奏缓慢深沉地呼吸。
它们呼吸,看着世上的沧海桑田。有的星星见过恐龙和穴居人,看金字塔拔地而起,哥伦布发现新大陆。
对它们来说,地球不过是浩瀚无垠的宇宙中的一座岛屿,它的居民细如微尘。

——《小小巴黎书店》

佩尔杜还在河流之上发现了另一样东西——会呼吸的星星。
某天它们熠熠生辉,第二天却变得苍白暗淡,然后又重新明亮闪烁。
这完全与薄雾或是他的老花镜无关,事实是,他不再只盯着自己的脚看了。

它们似乎随着某种永不停息的节奏缓慢深沉地呼吸。
它们呼吸,看着世上的沧海桑田。有的星星见过恐龙和穴居人,看金字塔拔地而起,哥伦布发现新大陆。
对它们来说,地球不过是浩瀚无垠的宇宙中的一座岛屿,它的居民细如微尘。

——《小小巴黎书店》

LOFTER

让兴趣,更有趣

简单随性的记录
丰富多彩的内容
让生活更加充实

下载移动端
关注最新消息