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2020高考大纲英语写作规定话题(19):世界与环境
爱英语的Nona 2020-02-27

书面表达是高考英语中重点之一。一方面,从分值来说,占有相当大的分量;另一方面,它考查了学生的英语运用能力,能力要求很高。所以,我们一定重视英语写作能力培养和提高。

Nona会系统给大家分享高考大纲英语写作规定话题的学习资料。

本系列共有24个话题,且配有电子打印版,需要电子打印版的同学,可关注上图公众号,联系老师领取。还可关注“奇速优课”公众号,查看更多免费高考复习视频课程哦。

高考英语写作常考话题:19 世界与环境

一、话题词汇

earth  地球  

world  世界  

continent  洲,大陆  

border  边境,国界  

circumstance  环境,情况  

fuel  燃料  

peace  和平  

product  产品  

trade  贸易  

attend  照顾,出席 

benefit  有益于,有助于  

combine  使联合,结合  

promote  增进,促进  

represent  代表,象征  

spread  传播;扩散  

store  储备  

suffer  受苦,遭受  

immigrate  移民

divide  分割,分配  

broad  宽阔的,广泛的  

entire  整个的,全部的  

federal  联邦(制)的  

foreign  外国的  

international  国际的  

nuclear  原子能的,核能的 

peaceful   和平的  

permanent  永久的  

extreme  极端的  

widespread  分布广的,普遍的  

population  人口   

二、话题词组/短语

(一)

come into fashion  开始流行   

come into power  掌权,上台   

in danger  处于危险中 

tell the truth  说实话   

get through  完成;(用电话)接通   

as a whole  作为整体来说   

cut down  砍倒,削减   

in the long run ern  从长远看   

greenhouse effect  温室效应   

advocate a low-carbon lifestyle  提倡低碳生活   

improve our living conditions  改善我们的居住条件   

at the pricecost of…  以…为代价  

cause the global temperance resources  使得全球温度上升   

develop renewable resources  开发可再生资源   

be aware of the importance of protecting environment  意识到环保的重要性  

(二)

cut down trees 砍伐树木

pollute the environment/air 污染环境/空气

abnormal climate 气候异常

lead /water /noise/air /white pollution  铅/水/噪音/空气/白色污染

send out smoke and poisonous gases into the air  排放烟雾和有毒气体

extinction of animals 动物灭绝

be harmful to/do harm to... 对……有害

flood many low-lying cities 水淹低洼城市

drought/flood/sandstorms sweep across...  干旱/洪水/沙尘暴横扫

sort rubbish 垃圾分类

protect the ecology 保护生态

save energy/water  节约能源/水

develop renewable resources  可再生资源

sustainable development 可持续发展

eco-friendly products 生态友好的产品

deal with rubbish properly  正确处理垃圾

recycle textbooks/trash 课本/垃圾回收利用

ban smoking in public 禁止在公共场合吸烟

improve our living conditions 改善居住条件

keep the balance of nature 保持自然界的平衡

stop / keep/ prevent sb. from doing 阻止某人做

ban the abuse of plastic bags 禁止滥用塑料袋

don’t litter/spit everywhere 不随地扔垃圾/吐痰

The rubbish was everywhere.到处是垃圾。

pour waste water into rivers without being treated往河里排放未经处理的废水

(三)

1. 改善生活 improve people’s life

2. 改善居住条件improve our living conditions

3. 促进经济发展promote the economic development

4. 以消耗资源为代价at the price/cost of resource exhausting

5. 往河里排放未经处理的废水pour waste water into rivers without being treated

6.排放烟雾和有毒气体send out smoke and poisonous gases into the air

7.水/噪音/空气/白色污染water/noise/air/white pollution

8.污染环境/空气 pollute the environment/air

9.使得全球温度上升cause the global temperature to go up

10.全球变暖 global warming

11.温室效应greenhouse effect

12.异常的气候abnormal climate

13.倡导绿色生活advocate green life

14.提高生活质量 improve the quality of life

15.提倡低碳生活advocate a low-carbon lifestyle

16.对生态友好的产品 eco-friendly products

17.环保产品 environment-friendly products

18.生产或使用绿色产品 go green

19.开发可再生资源develop renewable resources

20.采取行动 take action

21.改善环境 improve the environment

22.雨后春笋般涌现 spring up like mushrooms

23.发出恶臭 give off a bad smell

24.与污染作斗争fight against pollution

25.意识到环保的重要性be aware of the importance of protecting Environment


三、话题佳句/句式

1.It is (high) time that we took measures to protect our environment.是时候我们该采取措施保护环境了。

2.Recycling is important to help protect our environment.回收利用对帮助保护我们的环境很重要。

3.The reason why we should protect natural resources is that we will benefit from it.我们保护自然资源的原因是我们能够从中获益。


四、连句成篇

现状:环境污染严重,全球变暖

倡议:

1.意识到环保的重要性 ,采取行动与污染作斗争

2.改善环境,提高生活质量

3.倡导绿色生活,使用环保产品

4.提倡低碳生活,开发可再生资源

With the environment pollution more and more serious, the global temperature has been going up. To protect our environment, there are many things we can do. First, it’s time for us to be aware of the importance of protecting environment, taking action to fight against pollution. Besides, what we should do is to improve the environment and our quality of life. Not only should weadvocate green life, which calls on us to use environmentally friendly products, but also we should advocate a low-carbon lifestyle, developing renewable resources.



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