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2020高考大纲英语写作规定话题(18):自然
爱英语的Nona 2020-02-27

书面表达是高考英语中重点之一。一方面,从分值来说,占有相当大的分量;另一方面,它考查了学生的英语运用能力,能力要求很高。所以,我们一定重视英语写作能力培养和提高。

Nona会系统给大家分享高考大纲英语写作规定话题的学习资料。

本系列共有24个话题,且配有电子打印版,需要电子打印版的同学,可关注上图公众号,联系老师领取。还可关注“奇速优课”公众号,查看更多免费高考复习视频课程哦。

高考英语写作常考话题:18自然

一、话题词汇

nature 自然  

existence  存在,实有  

creature  生物  

animal  动物 

human  人类  

scene  景色  

land  陆地  

ocean  海洋  

mountain  山脉  

variety  不同种类,多种式样  

grow  生长 

damage  损害  

endanger 危害,使遭危险  

occur  发生,出现  

discover  发现  

breathe  呼吸  

hunt  打猎  

struggle  抗争,奋斗  

remove  移走,脱掉  

erupt  (火山)爆发,突然发生  

natural  天然的  

mountainous  多山的 

offshore  近海的,离岸的  

thick  厚的,浓密的  

ripe  成熟的  

wild  野生的,未开发的  

abundant  丰富的  

dangerous  危险的  

amazing  令人惊奇的  

homeless  无家可归的  


二、话题词组/短语

human being人类   

in ruins严重受损,破坏不堪   

in peace和平地,安详地 

dig out挖掘出,发现   

dig into探寻,探究   

beecome aware of明白,意识到 

escape from从…逃出   

come out出来,长出   

huntsearchlook for寻找 

go against nature违背自然规律  

live in harmony with nature与自然和谐相处 

devote oneself to protecting wildlife致力于保护野生动植物  

(be)in effective measures to protect rare animals采取有效措施保护珍稀动物  

keepreak ecological balance; 

keepreak the balance of nature保持、破坏生态平衡  

cut off the power/ electricity  电力中断

wash away buildings, roads and bridges冲走房屋、道路、桥梁

cause great damage /economic losses造成巨大损失/经济损失

stricken district/ area受灾地区

raise the awareness of environmental protection提高环保意识

environment-friendly products环保产品

take effective measures to do采取有效措施做某事 

plant trees; cut down trees 植树/砍伐树木

go against nature 违背自然规律

protect the endangered animals from being killed保护濒临灭绝的动物不被杀害

(be) in danger of extinction/becoming extinct/dying out处于危险之中

punish the hunters severely 严惩捕猎者

keep/break ecological balance; keep/damage the balance of nature 保持/破坏生态平衡

create a pleasant ecological environment 创造良好的生态环境

live in harmony with animals 和动物和谐相处

devote oneself to protecting wildlife 致力于保护野生动物

arouse people’s awareness of wildlife protection 唤醒人们保护野生动植物的意识

take effective measures to protect rare animals 采取有效措施保护珍稀动物

(earthquake, etc.) hit/strike (some place) 采取有效措施保护珍稀动物

be washed away bridges 被冲走

burn to the ground 全部焚毁

leave the whole city in ruins  让整个城市成为废墟

the trapped people 被困人员

be trapped in the ruins 困在废墟中

(be) faced with all kinds of difficulties 面对各种困难

overcome difficulties 克服困难

stricken district/area 受灾地区  

the earthquake victims 地震灾民

rescue victims/sufferer 拯救受害人

call on people to make donations 呼吁人们捐赠

hold out/give a helping hand to sb 对……伸出援助之手

recover from the disaster 从灾难中恢复过来


三、话题佳句/句式

Everyone should take the responsibility to protect the environment./ It’s everyone’s duty to protect the environment. 保护环境,人人有责。

In spite of all this, the government called on the whole nation to support the places hit by the worst disaster.尽管如此,政府还是号召全国支援被这次大灾难袭击的地区。

The city government took effective measures to protect rare animals.政府采取有效措施保护珍稀动物。

Nowadays, natural disasters have been more widespread and more frequent, becoming very rapidly an increasing threat to development. 如今,自然灾害更加普遍和频繁,迅速成为了发展越来越大的危胁。

Typhoon Morakot brought the worst flooding in 50 years to southern Taiwan, killing more than 460 people with scores of people injured or missing. “莫拉克”台风袭击台湾南部,造成50年来最严重的水灾,460人死亡,几十人受伤或失踪。

The aim is to arouse public awareness of the seriousness of water shortage.目的是唤醒公众对水缺乏的严重性的意识。

In this activity, students have raised their awareness of environmental protection.在这次活动中,学生已经提高了他们的环保意识。


四、连句成篇

现状:砍伐树木,破坏生态平衡,许多动植物处于危险中

建议:

1. 唤醒人们保护野生动植物意识

2. 政府应该致力于保护野生动植物,保护濒临灭绝的  

动物不受杀害

3. 采取有效措施保护珍稀动物,严罚捕猎者

4. 和动物和谐相处,创造良好的生态环境

  With more and more trees cut down, the balance of nature has been damaged, which has caused many wild animals and plants in danger of extinction. Thereforeit’s high time that wearoused people’s awareness of wildlife protection. Besides, our government should devote to protecting wildlife, preventing the endangered animals from being killed. Furthermore, effective measures should be taken to protect rare wildlife, including punishing the hunters severely. Last but not least, we should live in harmony with animals, creating a pleasant ecological environment.  



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