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2020高考大纲英语写作规定话题(21):热点话题
爱英语的Nona 2020-02-27

书面表达是高考英语中重点之一。一方面,从分值来说,占有相当大的分量;另一方面,它考查了学生的英语运用能力,能力要求很高。所以,我们一定重视英语写作能力培养和提高。

Nona会系统给大家分享高考大纲英语写作规定话题的学习资料。

本系列共有24个话题,且配有电子打印版,需要电子打印版的同学,可关注上图公众号,联系老师领取。还可关注“奇速优课”公众号,查看更多免费高考复习视频课程哦。

高考英语写作常考话题:21 热点话题

一、话题词汇

1.absorb v.吸收;吸引……的注意

2.activity n.活动;活跃

3.admirer n.钦佩者;仰慕者

4.afford v.负担得起;给予;提供

5.attitude n.态度;看法

6.ban v.&n.禁止,取缔;禁令

7.budget n.预算

8.career n.事业;职业

9.cash n.现金

10.celebrity n.名人

11.circulate v.传播

12.combine v.(使)结合;(使)组合

13.conclude v.推断出,断定;结束,终止

14.consultant n.咨询者;顾问

15.consumption n.消费;消耗

16.cough v.&n.咳嗽

17.countryside n.农村,乡下

18.defend v.防守,捍卫

19.discourage v.使气馁;阻碍

20.earning n.收入

21.economically adv.在经济上;节俭地

22.essential adj.必要的;基本的

23.evolution n.进化;演变

24.everincreasingadj.不断增长的

25.financial adj.财政的;金融的

26.firstrateadj.第一流的,最上等的

27.fit adj.合适的;健康的

28.harmful adj.有害的

29.harmonious adj.和谐的;和睦的

30.hesitate vi.犹豫,踌躇

31.improve v.改善;提高

32.instructor n.教员,指导老师

33.irresponsible adj.不负责任的;不可靠的

34.majority n.多数

35.manufacturer n.制造商

36.massive adj.大量的;巨大的

37.mental adj.心理的;精神的

38.moral adj.道德的;精神上的

39.negative adj.消极的;否定的

40.observe vt.观察;注意到;遵守

41.phenomenon n.现象

42.product n.产品

43.professional adj.职业的;专业的

44.prohibit v.阻止;禁止

45.purchase v.&n.购买;购买的东西

46.psychological adj.心理的;心理学的

47.relax v.放松;休息

48.remain v.保持;依然;留下;剩余

49.rural adj.农村的,乡下的

50.riskfreeadj.无风险的

51.savings n.存款

52.security n.安全

53.sneeze vi.打喷嚏

54.spoilt adj.宠坏的;损坏的

55.spokesman n.发言人;代言人

56.strength n.力气;长处

57.urgent adj.紧急的;急迫的

58.version n.版本;译文

59.volunteer n.志愿者

60.warmhearted adj.热忱的,热心肠的

61.weaken v.变弱

62.weakness n.弱点;软弱

63.wellreceivedadj.受到欢迎的

64.winwinadj.双赢的;互利互惠的

二、话题词组/短语

词组短语一:

1.adapt to适应于……

2.avoid contacts with避免与……接触

3.be aware of意识到

4.be bound to必然;必定

5.be classified as...被归类为……

6.be devoted to专心于,献身于

7.be ignorant of对……不知道,不了解

8.be isolated from与……隔离

9.broaden one’s horizon拓宽视野

10.credit card信用卡

11.develop a fever发烧

12.driving forces驱动力,推动力

13.draw up起草,拟定

14.face mask面罩

15.famous scenic spots胜地

16.far away遥远的

17.food poisoning食物中毒

18.food security食品安全

19.go up上升;增长;升起

20.heavy pressure高压

21.in favor of有利于;支持,赞同

22.in possession of 拥有,占有

23.in the long run长远;终究

24.hot button敏感问题

25.lack of没有,缺乏

26.lose sight of忽略;看不见

27.misunderstanding误解,误会

28.moonlight clan月光族

29.online education网络教育

30.operate on对……动手术;对……起作用

31.oppose to反对

32.parttime job兼职工作

33.pull down摧毁;推翻

34.run into trouble陷入困境之中

35.release the pressure释放压力

36.result in导致

37.search for搜寻,搜索

38.strong point特长,长处

39.studying abroad出国留学

40.surf the Internet网上冲浪

41.take...for instance拿……来说,例如……

42.the general public公众,群众

43.underdeveloped region不发达地区

44.weak point弱点,缺点

词组短语二:

1. 保护生存环境 protect living environment

2. 保护环境protect/preserve the environment

3. 保护生态环境 preserve/protect the ecological environment

4. 提高人们的环保意识raise people’s awareness of environment protection

5. 爱护树木花草care for trees and plants

6.骑自行车上班 ride bicycles to work

7.课本/垃圾回收利用recycle textbooks/trash

8.乘坐公共交通take public transport

9.正确处理垃圾 deal with rubbish properly

10.节约能源/水     save energy/water

11.不随地扔垃圾/吐痰 don’t litter/spit everywhere

12.分类垃圾 sort the garbage

13.禁止滥用塑料袋ban abusing plastic bags

14.禁止在公共场合吸烟ban smoking in public places

15.减少污染 reduce pollution

16.控制人口增长 control the population growth

17.降低青少年犯罪lower the rate of teenage crime

18.智能手机 smart phone

19.深化改革deepen reform

20.把 ……考虑进去 take sth into consideration

21.科学发展观the Scientific Outlook on Development

22.走中国特色社会主义道路follow the path of socialism with Chinese Characteristics

23.无法忽视这一事实we cannot ignore the fact that

24.不可否认there is no denying the fact that

25.毫无疑问there is no doubt that; undoubtedly

  

三、话题佳句/句式

经典句式:

1.状语从句的省略

It is OK to leave an electrical appliance on so long as you are using it—if not turn it off!

只要你在使用电气设备,你可以让它开着,如果不用就关掉它。

2.as long as引导条件状语从句

As long as biomass is produced continuously—with only as much as is used—the “battery” lasts forever.

只要物质能可以持续地产生,只要能够使用,这种“电池”就能持续到永远。

3.even if引导让步状语从句

Even if we start reducing the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases,the climate is going to keep on warming for decades or centuries.

即使我们开始减少二氧化碳和其他温室气体的含量,在未来几十年或几个世纪内,气候仍会持续转暖。

4.过去分词(短语)作定语

Many of the traffic accidents caused by drunkdriving have brought about traffic jams,injuries and even death.

许多醉酒驾驶的交通事故已经造成了交通堵塞、受伤、甚至死亡。

佳句二:

(1)The Internet is playing a more and more important part in our daily life.

网络在我们的生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色。

(2)On the one hand, it’s risky to make friends and shop online.

一方面,网上交友和网上购物存在风险。

(3)On the other hand, being lost in the Internet may affect our study and work.

另一方面,沉迷网络会影响学习和工作。

(4)A survey shows that 52% of students are lost in the Internet.

一项调查显示,52%的学生沉迷网络。

(5)In my opinion, the Internet does bring us a lot of benefits.

我认为,因特网的确给我们带来了实惠。

(6)It remains a question how we can solve the problems concerning making friends on line.

如何解决网上交友所产生的问题依然是个疑问。

(7)The problems that Internet has brought to us do exist, but we have to be rational.

因特网给我们所带来的问题的确存在,但是我们必须要理性看待。

(8)Every coin has two sides, so does the Internet.

凡事都有两面性,因特网也是如此。

(9)As for the government, it should take strong measures to punish those who cheat people on line.

作为政府,应该采取强有力措施惩罚那些在网上行骗的人。

  

佳句三:

1. There is no doubt that sleeplessness is a serious problem among the high school students of our country. 毫无疑问,失眠是我国中学生的一个严重问题。

2. Talking of energy saving and greenhouse reductions, it happens that I have read a report on this topic in a newspaper. = Talking of energy saving and greenhouse reductions, I happen to have read a report on this topic in a newspaper. 谈到节能减排,我碰巧在一份报纸上看到有关这一话题的报道。

3. When it comes to the young studying further abroad, many parents hold the view that children can have more chances to receive better education.当谈到青少年出国留学的问题,许多家长认为孩子们可以有更多的机会接受到良好的教育。

4. For these reasons, I think that receiving college education in China is wise.基于这些理由, 我认为在中国接受大学教育是明智的。

5. By using computers, people can talk face to face even if they are in different parts of the world. 网络给我们提供了即时身在世界不同角落也能面对面交流的机会。

四、连句成篇

学校为了提高我们的环保意识,开展了一次“低碳生活,从我做起” Low carbon life, starts from me 的活动。活动呼吁我们认真考虑低碳生活的有用措施。我们讨论出:

1. 不随地乱扔垃圾、吐痰;并正确处理垃圾,做好垃圾分类。

2. 节约资源,包括水,电,粮食等。

3. 不滥用塑料袋,改用可重复使用的环保袋。

4. 出行多乘坐公共交通;骑自行车也是不错的选择,既可以保护生存环境,又可以锻炼身体。

Recently, in order to raise our awareness of environmental protection, our school carried out an activity whose theme is “Low carbon life, starts from me”. The activity calls on us to take the useful measures into consideration seriously. After discussion, we think that we should not litter and spit everywhere and in terms of dealing with rubbish, we can sort it. In our daily life, we should also save resources, including water, electricity and food, and furthermore, when going shopping, we should use reusable recycle bag instead of plastic bags. If we want to go out, we can take public transport, and of course, riding bicycles is a good choice because it can not only protect living environment but build up our body strength.


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