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生活LOFT

Software Chapter Tips Node--Studio 2

==============================
【Techniques The term five black and white chromatic type】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and Style]
 
1. studio black and white chromatic properties within the type of black and white photos with location type of photo chromatic roughly the same, but...

Software Chapter Tips Node--Studio 2 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

==============================
【Techniques The term five black and white chromatic type】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and Style]
 
1. studio black and white chromatic properties within the type of black and white photos with location type of photo chromatic roughly the same, but the limited internal space and studio scene size, it is still in the composition of three formulas patterning method compositional formula majority, that is, in close-up, half and seven avatar performance-based.
2. Changes in the scene is extremely limited and composition, and generally only way to change the shape of the photograph obtained by a sense of change.
3. indoor studio photos of this type, because of lighting equipment, lighting equipment better than outdoors, so the portrait of the face of lighting to achieve a certain standard of beauty close-up.
 
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[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     This type of photo retro styling clothing photo, is pretty well evoke nostalgic thoughts of work.
     General preference for retro photo essay who especially love this type of photo.
     And this type of black and white photographs, via post-processing can become pastel tone photographs; or via a color print of the fight with overprint program into a unique photo single hue.
     Its change and plasticity is quite large, not only the acceptance of a good photo type, the type is also an excellent selection of films photography company.

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[Techniques Help]
 
1. Shooting in black and white chromatic focus techniques shed class black and white photos with location chromatic Photo substantially the same as those.
2. Because perfect indoor lighting equipment, when shooting portraits formula composition class photos, you can play more perfect than the location of the light ratio. To use other mapping method or manner, it would take another creative play, otherwise it is difficult to break through the shed style.
 
==============================
【6 Cross Process Techniques term type】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and Style]
 
1. shed positive and negative impulse type photo location of positive negative impulse type photo feature roughly the same, but there are significant differences in the composition of the way that the composition of this type photo studio, mostly in close-up, mostly around the bust .
    This is because the studio scene is extremely limited, plus the composition range more, it is also more than a bad light control, exposure prone to failure. It is generally more difficult to shoot a portrait photographer in the studio works with King Art composition, especially in the shed positive negative impulse type photos, and more rare to see such a patterned photo.

2. Cross Process types of photos, although the composition formula patterning method is mostly used to shoot portraits, but the type of photo portraits formula composition and general film shoot compared, there are significant differences, and that is positive negative punch type of photo color, as is the use of positive abnormal development of hair color effect, so its bright colors abnormal performance, color also tend to warm yellow tone.
 
-------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     Although this type of photo patterning method is still a close-up formula, half and seven spare composition majority, but the photos do not have a unique sense of color, added to the original customer will have preference for close-up photos of factors, so those who love this type of photo is still on the market occupy a large proportion.
     Such is the wedding photo album photography often seen works.
     And more generally to a greater exposure latitude, a good shot and the contrast is not great positives to shoot 200 degrees. But in the art photo album, because the price charged is not high, because of cost, and to consider other technologies, have less of this type of photo.

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[Techniques Help]
 
1. Shed positive negative type photo with the location of the red Cross Process type photo shoot roughly the same techniques.
2. Because the studio photography has better lighting equipment, so if the portrait photographer formula composition law within the body composition, you can take advantage of the complex lamp lighting techniques, shoot than the location of these photos on the lighting more perfect photo.
      However, if the use of such a composition outside creative composition, or other big scenes shot shape, due to the limited lighting range, compared with the location of the shooting is not easy work, which is more difficult to shoot a portrait photography studio with King Art composition of the picture reason.
 
==============================
【7 coarse texture type techniques terminology】
 
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[Characteristics and Style]
 
1. This type of indoor studio photos with location of this type of photo, which is substantially the same characteristics and style.
Image rich coarse particles 2. This type of photo frame on texture, delicate sense different from other photographs, contrast and tone a little flat, but with coarse particles to show photos of artistic and elegant feeling.

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[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     This type of photo in wedding photography and art as belonging to minor types.
     Only a few discerning people who either studied photography in order to appreciate this type of photo, understand the unique coarse particles on the screen, is deliberately creating art technology, rather than the result caused by improper technique. The average customer of such rough phenomenon unacceptable.
 
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[Techniques Help]
 
Key techniques for this type of photo shoot with the location of the focus of this type of photo shoot the same techniques.
 
==============================
【8 Hang lamp lighting techniques term type】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and Style]
 
1. This type of photo features and style, similar to the location of the constant light fill light type photographs, are in constant artificial light as the main light or fill light source, so the photo frame are constant light color temperature warm yellow tone with the general picture of the normal color temperature and tint different.
2. The location is just a constant light concentrating mostly used when the fill light, and shed light constant (mostly quartz plus shadowless lamp cover) is used when the main light astigmatism style, but mostly by complex forms of lighting the lamp techniques, it is known as the greenhouse constant lamp lighting type photos.
3. This type of photo style is soft and delicate warm yellow tone, the atmosphere is warm and soft, low contrast.

This is because of the lower value of the brightness of light constant light, and need to rely on a slow exposure to achieve the purpose of shooting photographic, using slow exposure of the photosensitive dark part of the more detailed, so that the screen to form a light image quality and soft style. Unlike ordinary instant flash exposure photographs formed a hard tone sense.
 
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[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     This type of photo belong to the more romantic, candlelit restaurant has a sense of atmosphere exposure photograph, so won the President's favor, the market response is good photography photo type.
 
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[Techniques Help]
     This type of photo shooting techniques, and principles of constant light fill light type location photo shoot by the use of the same techniques, namely the use of constant light yellowish color temperature of 3200K with two features slow exposure principle, to get this type of style photo .
     Only indoor studio photo shoot of this type need to note the following three points:

1. Lighting Equipment
 
     In order to make the lights can be perfect, so when this type of photo shoot in the studio, it is best to have a combination of complex equipment master lamp lights, auxiliary lights and background lights and other effects of light, color temperature 3200K lamp can have the best of quartz lamp to so professional portrait studio lighting techniques indoor play to be perfect.
     Moreover, to improve light quality, you can use shadowless hood or umbrella and other equipment, so blunt direct light changed to soft scattered light, resulting in soft portraits.
 
2. Background Equipment
 
     Because this type of photo attention to create an atmosphere, so the background can be arranged in the best live action, in order to avoid the use of three-dimensional realism with rigid flat screen background fabric leaving lost, the atmosphere effect is greatly reduced.
 
3. Patterning techniques
 
     Best not to use the formula patterning method portrait within seven avatar close-up, otherwise it will face someone like performance, and the performance of the real story can not have a presence, and thus meaningless real shot.
     If the composition close-up outside the site design into real situation, it helps the performance of the theme and convincing portrait of presence, this is the best way to increase the real atmosphere.

==============================
【Techniques terminology nine other filter types】

     This type photos with location features the same type of photos the same style.
     Because it is generated by the function of the filter itself out of special effects, so no matter the time or location photography for use in the studio, will produce the same effects.
 
==============================
【Tips term】
 
1. The wind hit soft, comfortable feel, the tone was subdued color
     Find the best net-colored walls, floor or table in the background and do not be too strongly objects tone.
     May wish to use a series of close shades, then add part of the embellishment of color, such as brown background with beige subject.
2. Just do style uniform, even though there will be some more items clutter feeling. In earth tone colors, are the easiest to get success.
3. To learn to use the "subtraction." The focus this time is to strike a balance with the, because the screen is too simple and will make people feel deserted.
 
==============================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Tips Node--Studio 1

=============================
【Introduction】
 
     Due to the limited area of ??the studio interior, lighting devices are also similar, with scenery and props it is not always possible to replace the (expensive investment for decorating), so the change in the way of...

Software Chapter Tips Node--Studio 1 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=============================
【Introduction】
 
     Due to the limited area of ??the studio interior, lighting devices are also similar, with scenery and props it is not always possible to replace the (expensive investment for decorating), so the change in the way of shooting on location photography rigid than many.
     In addition, the indoor studio lighting techniques has its fixed form, often several basic lighting the traditional method, or a change in style of play is very limited, so shooting in the studio out of the picture style and scene content, simply can not like location photography is so spectacular and moving, or changing.
     Especially with a view location photography art portrait photo, for studio photography space is extremely limited, it is extremely difficult to achieve!
 
==============================
【Type  term】
 
     Within seven to spare formula composition class close-up photos of the most
     Style changes, many changes need to rely on either portrait style or change the background elegant fancy, to make the work presented higher order than the change of tone or low-tone photos, or repeated exposure, such as photos.

==============================
【Lighting terminology】
 
     The most important is the lighting techniques.
     Once you have a good basic lighting technology, they can use their work environment is easy and fast to shoot beautiful wedding photography and art photos.
     One of the biggest advantages of indoor studio is sufficient light, simplicity and perfection, using a combination of lighting the lamp has a complex method of re-lamp lighting can be more perfect than the location photography shoot close-up photos.
 
==============================
【1 The term high-order type tone technique】
 
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[Characteristics and style]
 
1 high-order tone type photograph is a considerable component of the indoor studio shoot photos in type.
     This type of photograph only in the indoor studio, using a white background with the device series can easily be taken out.
     This type of photograph gives a fresh and bright feeling, very agreeable to those lively and cheerful young customers like it.

2 types of so-called higher-order tone photographs, picture frame that is light on the light ratio is very low, its white and bright parts of far more than the shadow of the black part;
     Or color occupies an area of many bright colors, deep shade of color only a tiny part of the picture. So the whole picture people feel very fresh and elegant, not too gloomy performance of light and shadow, which is the basic characteristic of the type of higher-order tone photographs.
   General tone photos can be roughly according to their level of light than daylight, or a concentrated area of ??dark and light areas on the screen on the proportion of the amount of the whole picture, the area is divided into higher-order tone, mid-tone and low-tone . The general picture portrait photography, the majority belonging to moderate light and dark colors in order tone performance.
3 indoor studio shooting techniques, the need to learn is to shoot high-order special colors and low-level tones type photographs, this is what every learning professional wedding photographer with artistic license must be proficient in technology. Because of its use in portrait photography is extremely broad, and style position clear, does not occupy a small proportion in photography.
 
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[Reaction and Discussion]
 
   This type of photo style is fresh and bright, and only show a clear description of the subject matter, but few low performance of light and shadow, so the favorite of young people, one photo is wedding photography and art photo studio photography will be shot.

For some older ones, too dark skin or body obese and who does not love a lively performance, you should reduce the number of shots, so as to avoid discrepancies or weaknesses of character was exposed in the photo on leaving the customer to generate complaints.
 
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[Techniques Description]
 
1. Background selection
 
     This type of photo shoot easiest techniques is to use indoor studio white or light-colored background cloth, the theme of the portrait placed directly before this type of background, you can get the basic tone of this type of photo. In addition, the choice of clothing should also try to avoid too thick dark colors, in order to avoid the loss of tone.
 
2. Lighting control
 
     This type of photo to be taken to maximize the use of plain style lighting method or low light than the lighting method, the background should also try to use plain play. Otherwise, if the ratio is too large lighting light lighting or using other techniques such as high contrast, because of the shadow of dark parts of the show, making the higher-order tone of the whole picture lost, but also because under strong off white background, shadow portrait of the face becomes more prominent, so the picture is very ugly.
3. Poor skin texture severe obesity, darker skin, such as those who have obvious defects, should be minimized to shoot this type of photo, so clear and bright lighting in the environment, the disadvantage is more exposed, not only did no beauty at all, but self-defeating.

4. The type of higher-order tone when shooting photos, do not force the mouth with a soft-focus or mist filter, otherwise the background of white light will penetrate into the face, hair and other black areas; formation of very ugly image.
 
==============================
【The term low-level type techniques 2 tone】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
     Low-level tones type photographs, that is in the photo of the screen, lighting the light is relatively high, the majority of sites are all dark or dark tones, while only a small part of the site or bright colors.
     Picture gives an elegant, safe and calm feeling, which is a characteristic of low-level tones type photographs.
     It is the type of photo shoot with the higher-order tone opposite type, is extremely typical indoor studio photos and important type.
     This type is not easy to take photos outdoors, because outdoors difficult lighting environment is bright and deep black background scenes, professional photographers usually shoot indoors studio operations.

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[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     Because this type of photo rich calm and elegant atmosphere, and therefore very suitable for the bride and wedding photography photos temperament type, but also by one of the typical picture market favorite.
     Especially the character mature and restrained, or have a certain color art skills who will love this type of photo style.
     But for younger and lively boys and girls in terms of this type of photo style is too boring.
     Professional photographers shoot pictures of this type should be more understanding of customer psychology, in order to avoid duplication of efforts.
 
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[Techniques Description]
 
1. Ordinary level
 
     This type of photo shoot quite simple way, namely the choice to shoot a black background, you can get this tone photos.
     As for the lighting techniques, it is in any way apply polish, just feel the difference will be better or worse a little nothing.

2. Higher level
 
     If you want to further make a good photo of this type, you need to play more than the level of light in the background, as the theme of light, you should use thin-style lighting method or Rembrandt-style lighting method, so as to make the subject and background perfect link up.
     Clothing, but also a low tone and dazzling texture better. If it is a white dress, you should take pictures while adding black skirt part gradient shading plate so that the white gauze sense to have a gradient black out gradually, so that it can link up with a coherent overall context, to people , King consistent perfection.
 
==============================
【3 multiple exposure techniques term type】
 
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[Characteristics and style]
 
1 multiple exposure picture is very rich type of special effects photo type. When taking pictures, the use of two or more secondary exposure, so that the original images of individual independence, and finally taken on the same film, although this is the same photo, there are a variety of imaging techniques magical combination that multiple exposure type photo shoot techniques.
Such techniques can shoot 2 different time and in the same scene superimposed on a photograph, and produce amazing results. Its combination of imaging methods, computer image synthesis methods and post-processing is quite similar to the effect that it is the type of work but more the lack of photographic original connotation.

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[Reaction and Discussion]
 
In each set of wedding photography and art photo album, there are twelve pictures of this type is quite fresh, especially the popular novel and creative customers love this novelty.
     But such pictures should not be too much, otherwise it will flow to the overly fancy and flashy style, is appropriate there, but not much embellishment of photos.
 
-------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. This type of photo shoot, the most important is the concept of pre-designed software, in other words, is the ability of art to be designed according to schedule dependent. That last image is formed on the photo, to be what kind of images, arranged in what position, which should be in there before shooting an idea and sketch.
     So when shooting, the camera can be perfectly up image composition and arrangement position.
2. Re-use multiple exposure techniques into individual images shot on the same film, multiple exposures to achieve the purpose.
     Of course, all need a black background for each exposure or environmental down, so as to prevent over exposure of the original image, is superimposed on the other unnecessary image.

3. During the shoot, we must pay attention to the composition theme locations. Photographer to accurately calculate the position of each subject in the viewfinder, otherwise misplaced position, it will cause a wrong image stack, thus meaningless perfect composition.
4. The camera multiple exposure operation of law, generally in accordance with the basic operation of the camera as long as repeated exposure can be achieved.
5. To achieve the most perfect picture level, the lighting techniques on each image should have a consistent lighting logic, in order to avoid confusion successive exposure of the theme of light and shadow, people have a sense of stunned ridiculous.
6. Other color schemes and space utilization and patchwork style, such as design, art should reach a certain level, otherwise it will have to form a creative style works pointless low.

==============================
【Patterning techniques type term four formula】
 
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[Characteristics and style]
 
Formula 1 studio photo composition type composition and location of formula type photos, roughly the same basic characteristics. Just shed formula composition may be ideal because of the type of photo re-lamp lighting method to shoot, so the theme of the portrait's face lighting tend to be more beautiful and perfect than the location of the formula composition class photo.
2 However, the change in the background, the type of picture composition formula shed more inferior, but also more rigid.
3 for general mining that perfect facial beauty is more important than the background, so this type of photograph popular.
 
-------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     This is the most popular of all professional portrait photography photo type. In the travel photographer in professional photography company, 90% of people choose this type of photograph, otherwise it will not be recognized photographers take pictures.
     This type of indoor studio photos, wedding photography has been synonymous with the art of the photo.
     In general photography company in the customer's ideas and some believe that those who shot these photos, they count has shot wedding photos and art, as art or not, it is not the point.

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[Techniques Description]
 
1. Emphasis on location shooting techniques and composition formulas roughly the same type of shooting techniques.
2. Such photos more flexible choice of lighting techniques can use all kinds of lighting method. And most importantly, you can play face bright light quality and aesthetics, easier to shoot close-up photos of outstanding beauty.
3. In composition, with seven half-length portrait avatar and the most popular formula mapping method, especially for professional photographers to be particularly familiar with this composition.
 
==============================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Tips Node--Location 1

=================================
【General Terms】
 
     When shooting, the general atmosphere of the lens before shooting, as well as light, sky, clouds, etc., there are strict requirements difficult to borrow shooting lens and vision, panoramic shots.
   ...

Software Chapter Tips Node--Location 1 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=================================
【General Terms】
 
     When shooting, the general atmosphere of the lens before shooting, as well as light, sky, clouds, etc., there are strict requirements difficult to borrow shooting lens and vision, panoramic shots.
     Location shooting often have to act decisively and in a timely manner to meet the needs of a variety of shooting pictures.
 
================================
【Modeling terminology】
 
     Location shooting more difficult, the general shooting three costumes per day (three times more than it is to catch up, shoot out on the impact of the effect).
 
================================
【Patterning techniques type term a formula】
 
---------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
1 Simply put, any formula mapping method portrait photos taken, can be called a formula composition type photos.
     That picture on the photo to portrait-oriented, and in composition to a close-up portrait, half-length, seven themed avatar or body taken out of the picture, can be called a formula composition type photos.
     This is a wedding photo photography and art minor but welcomed by the market picture type.

2 in the photo, the background and the scene outside the theme handle can be used directly to gloss over the short depth of field can be.
     In portrait photography, these photos is the easiest to learn formulas portrait photography.
     Just use a long focal length lens (120 cameras around 250mm lens, or about 135 135mm camera lens), you can easily shoot this type of photo.
     Directly apply the formula patterning method when taking pictures, not too much attention to other photography techniques and lighting.
     The only note that should be added: the characters constantly changing shape, so as not to flow without changes in the composition of mediocrity.
 
3 Because of this effect by means of the shooting method is only a short depth of field long focal length lens functions and formulas mapping method, and therefore the value of photography is technically more usual, has always been unable to get a high evaluation of photography art. But generally only pay attention to the close-up portrait of the consumer, which is the most ideal, is the most popular type of photograph, so professional portrait photographer can not ignore it, you should be familiar with this type of photo shooting techniques to adaptation photographic needs.

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[Reaction and Discussion]
 
This is very popular with everyone on the photography market favorite photo type, is wedding photography and art photos, photos with commercial representative.
     After all, every photographer travel photography company, would like to see that they have been made ??into a star-like close-up photographs, rather than the usual home life photo shoot. Therefore, in each photographic album, most consumers will choose this type of photo, market acceptance of Habitat all types of photos of the crown.
 
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[Techniques Description]
 
1. With long focal length lens as the main shooting lens (about 120 cameras around 250mm lens, or about 135 135mm camera lens), whichever is shorter depth of field functions.
2. Portrait formula composition according to the principles of law, direct box to take close-up, half-length, seven places at once, or the composition of the body, which is about to be shot by a distance of about 5-8 steps, you can easily photograph.
3. When exposure is required depending on the characteristics of portrait photography, to open 1 to 2 f-stop compensation in order to make the face more beautiful texture. People's faces light, soft and beautiful, is the focus of the photo shoot this type.
4. In order to produce bright eyes, the best position in front of a portrait reflector or white boards to make the eyes reflected the sharp points of light.
5. When printing, plus print Soft Focus handled in accordance with the best post-processing techniques, after comprehensive soften skin, can achieve the effect of the whole picture pretty mellow.
6. People should be more transformation theme styling or props, otherwise the number of sheets for a long time to take pictures, the visual emphasis will be no change, composition, depth of field and shooting techniques similar shortcomings will be exposed.
 
================================
【Techniques term 2 with King Art Type】
 
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[Characteristics and style]
 
1 Simply put, all with a view to mapping method of art taken out of the picture, can be called with King Art type photos.
     Most of the pictures show both portrait and landscape content.
In other words, when taking pictures in portrait-oriented incomplete, but more focused on the performance of double portraits and scenes of both, and from the perspective of art to interpret pictures.
2 It does not necessarily composition, lighting and other formulas of techniques owes itself to the art of photography photographer literacy attainments conferred photo vitality. So, master portrait and landscape dual artistic expression, is the largest of this type of photo features and value.
     Due to the need for this type of photograph oversized actual scene, it is the only photo studio photography difficult type of performance only when location photography easy to complete.
Such photo shoot, if not a breakthrough in the composition, lighting and other photographic technology, it will be made ??into a general tourist photos or living pictures.
3 artistic success often only a fine line between whether or not, there are some who can appreciate photography capabilities to this key. However, if the patterning ability is very prominent, with lighting and other photographic techniques handled properly, it is able to reach the realm of high art of photography.
     So photographer shooting skill plays a decisive role in the shooting.
 
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[Reaction and Discussion]
 
People have a certain appreciation of art are like beautiful mood these photos, but the average consumer is not easy to appreciate these photos.

Because most of these photo portrait proportion accounted for less than half of the screen, there is no general feeling of close-up photos of popular stars, most do not want to spend the money without their own photos on the big picture. Unless hit deep to understand photography grade who otherwise minimize this type of artistic photographs shot, so as to avoid from the average consumer's appreciation and serious frustration, thereby affecting the correct target pursuit of artistic expression.
 
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[Techniques Description]
 
1. Good design theme portrait styling, choose the overall performance of a scene, do pre-designed themes and scenes operations.
2. Ability peacetime should be more aesthetic composition, and to develop the theme of the overall composition planned between portrait and the scene at the time of the shooting, can not fall into the cliche portrait composition formula, and made ??into a kind of close-up photos.
3. Parse and use the site lighting situations, using the method of operation of subtraction theme into the portrait to be taken, in the scene environment, outstanding performance lighting control, and not fall into the general commemorative photo of plain common problem.
4. Control depth of field length, manufacture and moving performance with a high level of depth of field, can not fall into the general life as a promiscuous mode.
5. Select the most appropriate time to press the camera shutter, grasp a sense of art students living portrait of the dynamic and scene of the shooting perfect portraits with a view works of art.

================================
【Techniques term 3 with King Art Type】
 
---------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
Black and white photos of chromatic type, based on black and white film to shoot in a single punch, after developing the film came out, in addition to a general wash of pure black and white photographs, it'll also work with print chromatic color prints in color paper overlay that only a single tone colored photos.
     This process can be handled by the general color prints.
     And these photos single tone, but also in the same color when printing through color job, but changed to any other single color photograph, such as one red, one orange, one yellow, or any single single blue hue. This type is commonly known as the black and white photo chromatic type photos.
     Monochrome photographs give people a sense of kind of a more unique feel, is wedding photography and art photos indispensable photo type.
---------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
Learn photography people know, black and white photographs have their pretty look good, but also into any other single color screen. So this type of photo is also very popular.
     Just on wedding photography perspective, if the number of shots too, will lack a sense of festivity, so there should be an appropriate proportion of the number of sheets to give customers choice.
     Not too much, not completely.
 
---------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. This type of photo shoot, the most important is the choice of the film, as long as black and white negatives, you can print out these photos of the tune.
2. During the shooting, we should pay attention to the color of the background and props to gray line better, because too black and too white background, props or costume will print out pictures generated all black or all white reaction, which is shooting black and white photographs should be common sense. Only when the appropriate gray line, via a single tone color prints out the overlay, will have rich level performance.

3. When shooting black and white photographs, proper control of exposure, you can get a beautiful tone. Not be used as a general portrait of color negative film shooting method, often with two or more speeds exposure compensation. Only the correct exposure, in order to avoid the loss of saturated tone.
4. Currently there is another film production, color prints directly, without having to manually via black and white syrup developing process, the effect is the same shot, it is more convenient negatives.
5. After the shooting, rinse out the film, you can wash out the pure black and white prints of black and white photographs by washing phase program. Or by printing chromatic color printing process, the wash-out single color photos.
 
================================
【Techniques term 4 Cross Process type】
 
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[Characteristics and style analysis]
 
Cross Process type of photograph, is to positives to take pictures, and in developing the film, not the regular E-6 developing syrup to punching, replaced by general negative C-41 used in medicine to developing punching, thus making the original normal the positives, negatives into a negative form, not the normal use of such color film base color, and becomes extremely bright color performance.
     The most important feature is its very bright colors will produce on the screen, and the black and white contrast is great, the exposure latitude is also very narrow. All professional wedding photography and art photo shooting techniques, the most difficult to control exposure shooting type.

---------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
Such photos taken on the exposure control is difficult, but if you shoot successful, the screen will look unique and eye-catching.
     So whether it is a reaction, or evaluation of professional photographers who are generally quite high.
     But at the moment this type can make a good photo of the photographer is not much, after all, it is not generally used by professional portrait photography 160 degrees negatives, there is great exposure latitude, contrast is very low, it is easy to shoot soft tone portraits. And generally the photographer in order to avoid exposure and light than the complex and prevent failure, the composition also stays in close-up portrait type photo composition formula easier to shoot.
     So, nowadays have this type of photo composition class to close mostly difficult to transcend the composition of high-level work.
In fact, these photos in the shooting, if switch to portrait art type composition with a view to shoot, to grasp the scene, color and light saturation lighting and color schemes than other technologies, it works, can transcend portrait composition formula level type photos, reached the pinnacle of the art of portrait photography realm.

---------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. Key techniques of shooting two, one for the appropriate choice of film (actually positive).
In light when ample lighting environments, or hope to achieve strong contrast and texture portrait perfect results, use in low sensitivity of positives to shoot, for example, 64 degrees and 100 degrees positive, can get quite saturated with bright colors tones.
     Such sensitivity is positive very narrow exposure latitude, light a little careless ratio control, the exposure will fail, showing dark brown underexposed or overexposed dead white.
To avoid exposure to fail, or hope to get pictures of soft tone contrasts, you can use the positive 200 degrees or 400 degrees to shoot, the current slide to 200 degrees to shoot up due to its wide exposure latitude, is a better contrast than the soft shot and film types.
     It should also be noted that some of these positive after punching exception handling, and will favor a very yellow tone, or bias magenta, bright green and other colors, of course, this is also about taking pictures with the color temperature.
     All in all, the photographer should be adjusted according to their own preferences, in order to obtain the desired color.

2. The other is to control light ratio. When this type of photo shoot, who must calculate the ratio of the screen throughout the entire optical perfection, that bright part and dark contrast of preferably not more than third gear, otherwise it will form a very dark or very high contrast white phenomenon, so that the screen lost midtone colors.
     Especially when shooting a white dress in wedding photography, if the control light properly, it will only die white, but there is no middle tone level.
     Best overall negative exposure to open a file in order to get the most saturated colors in printing photos. Most taboo is underexposed, it will be difficult to see the formation of a dark picture brown tones.
3. When post-processing, to minimize the use of print soft focus, or vulnerable to the formation of black hair in the face portrait black penetrate into the white part of the site, and to become a very strange phenomenon.
     This is usually when the soft-focus prints after processing natural phenomenon, but in the positive negative impulse type picture, this phenomenon is more prominently revealed.
 
================================
【Techniques coarse texture type terminology 5】

---------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
Coarse texture of the type of picture that the particle image on the screen to give the picture a rough feeling, like when magnified over the net printing process to produce special effects, unlike other pursuits saturation, detailed texture of photo type.
     Because this type of photo imaging coarse particles, the density is not enough, so much the extent of the black and white contrast, photos of the dark black does not seem too strong, the Department will not look too bright pale color and tone of the entire screen dull and soft, is more elegant and rich artistic photo type.
 
---------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
Generally more unique and elegant character who can appreciate this type of photo style, elegance who studied photography, but also more fond of this type of picture.

But some lack ideas for photography and art, often can not accept a rough texture on the screen, would think it was caused by an amateur or non-professional film shoot, or even that the photographer has cut corners too.
     So when shooting this type of photo, best understand the customer's artistic accomplishment, in order to avoid self-defeating, to no avail.
 
---------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. Ultra-high-sensitivity film shooting method
 
     This is the easiest way to obtain the image coarse particles. Such pictures are interested, you can choose when shooting high sensitivity film, film, such as 800 degrees or 1600 degrees, using 135mm camera to shoot, the effect will be more obvious when magnified.
     Flushing photo, because of its negative photographic emulsion itself is coarse particles high sensitivity, it is natural to get even rougher than the general negative image.
     And small negatives to enlarge larger picture, its phenomenon is even more evident coarse particles (135 film benefits ............).
2. Developing negatives sensitization method
 
     Namely the use of a sensitizer may be used to shoot the film is about 400 degrees, and the second gear is about intentionally underexposed, the underexposed film developing process by a part of the increase in the development time to compensate.
     Longer time due to the film in the developer, will form a photosensitive particle coarsening phenomenon, which is the commonly used method of developing sensitization.
     Using this method, the need to remember the exact number of files exposure when taking insufficient to compensate for your printing company in accordance with the formula back.
     Due to the current launch of the new film Jieyou fairly detailed image quality, it appears that such sensitization developing methods ineffective; but in the past - this is the most commonly used techniques of photography.
 
3. High magnification France
 
     Coarse particles will feature images that use film when high magnification, to achieve the effect of coarse-grained texture.
     General negatives enlarge or zoom magnification of up to more than twice the time, leaving the image to enlarge it certainly due to coarse particles and, when high magnification, the naked eye can clearly see it.
4 can also use poor shot, outline screen printing and other techniques to obtain the same coarse-textured photo
     Regardless of the method, when the exposure is best to shoot a little less than one file, so print out the photos will be richer coarse sense.
================================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Tips Node--Composition 2

===========================
【The term three key issues environment】
 
     In many of the photographic works of art, we often see some objects are an integral part of the environment of the body, the plot plays a role in contrast to enhance the expressive theme from...

Software Chapter Tips Node--Composition 2 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

===========================
【The term three key issues environment】
 
     In many of the photographic works of art, we often see some objects are an integral part of the environment of the body, the plot plays a role in contrast to enhance the expressive theme from the screen. Components of the environment as an object is in front of the main body, we call prospects; is behind the subject, we call background.
 
------------------------
1, [prospects]
 
     Prospects in front of the body, close to the camera position, they feature was like a big, dark shades, mostly in painted all around the edge, the use of foreground objects are usually trees, flowers, people and things can be. Accompany the body also can be both prospects.

---------------
A, using some of the rich features seasonal and local flowers and trees do prospects, rendering season atmosphere and local color, so that the screen has a rich flavor of life.
     Cross-stitch with spring, winter jasmine account for both seasonal outlook, but also so that the screen is full of spring; daisy, leaves do prospects, Autumn filled the screen; Gui with ice, snow sticks for prospects, the North as winter scene in front of its territory in person . Shooting Hainan scenery, with coconut trees, banana for prospects, full of exotic tropical; bamboo, Cotton Tree, with Southern local flavor.
     These themes are often the prospect of a strong contrast.
 
---------------
B, the prospects for strengthening the sense of space and sense of perspective picture.
 
     Structural picture of the lens close to some person or thing intentionally, it was like using a large, deep tone characteristics, and the distant scenery in sharp contrast to body size and tonal shades of contrast, to mobilize people to feel the visual space of the screen distance, the visual effect is like with the depth axis of the screen, people no longer feel the plane.

Some experienced photographer when shooting scenes content display space, the total strive to find the right prospects to emphasize near the far smaller sense of perspective, and often use similar outlook and vision in the scene, like people, trees, mountains and so on.
     Due to the different distance, the area occupied by the difference in the picture is larger, the laws of mobilizing people's visual imagination of space, the stronger, the more distinctive feel the depth axis.
 
---------------
C, highlight the picture content summary of force
 
     In the performance of some of the content-rich, complicated things when intends to show the things you want most characteristic part is placed in the foreground position, is an important means of strengthening the outstanding picture content
 
---------------
D, the use of foreground and background scenery for comparison content on to complete contrast to common practice the art of photography

---------------
E, prospects give people a sense of a subjective position
 
     Strengthen the sense of the status of the picture, such as doors, windows, buildings and other distinctive features of the landscape and foreground, so that in the picture has a large position to influence the psychological to the audience, potentially with the picture of the audience will be shortened distance between produce an immersive intimacy. This increase artistic appeal of the screen is very beneficial. Give the audience a sense of status, in other literary works of art are very important to fascinating, first introduced entry.
 
---------------
F, promising to increase the use of painting decorative beauty concept
 
     Some have rules, objects are arranged, and some objects with pattern shape, used for prospects to make the picture like a beautifully decorated picture frame or lace, like increasing the beauty, the picture looked lively, jumping

---------------
G, prospects for a balanced picture of the role of
 
     Sometimes we find that the vacancy is not balanced on the screen, such as when monotonous when cloudless sky, with drooping branches placed above the screen to make up for deficiencies in place; sometimes hid the bottom of the screen, top-heavy when available rocks , railings do prospects, deep tones make the picture suppress ground, stable, balanced role.
 
---------------
H, prospects for the use of virtual focus of expression, to give people a vague sense of beauty.
 
In recent years, many of the photographic works of art, many people in the foreground of use, often using virtual focus, messy scene to make prospects, virtual and chaos, the audience not only accept, but also feel interesting, which is due to people aesthetic art of photography is changing and developing, growing trend of natural, real, requiring the atmosphere.
     The prospect of virtual and chaos can emphasize the atmosphere and the prospects of this imaginary also helps to highlight the theme of the real to the imaginary lining reality. The prospect of chaos is the fight quotes.
     In fact, there is chaos rule, the shape of chaos, but the main highlight is without prejudice to the principle of chaos that even if the body were covered, I am afraid it is difficult to accept the audience, you are not satisfied, so it's principle is: "in realistic virtual chaos in seeking treatment. "

---------------
     Above that is the role of eight prospects. In fact, the prospect of using often play several roles at the same time one of the best shot a few eagles. Overall, the significance of the use of foreground images rich vocabulary and increase literary talent of the screen. But remember, the outlook is not abused, when dispensable, would rather not, in order to clean the screen; addition, shapes, lines, promising to be as beautiful structure, in close contact with the body and echoes, combined into a whole, to help express the theme thought.
 
------------------------
2, [background]
 
     Background behind the main means used to set off the main scene, in order to emphasize what the subject is in the environment, highlighting the main background image and rich connotation body plays an important role.
All artists are concerned about the role of modeling background, sculpture, painting, architecture and other arts have attached great importance to the subject of the background contrast.
     Similarly understand photographic artist, background on the success of a photography plays a key trend.

Tend to have this situation: shooting a work, subject, to accompany the body, the look, the attitude is very ideal, but because of bad background processing failed.
     Background photography picture selection, should pay attention to three aspects: a grasp; Second Jane; ratio of three
     First, grasp characteristics; Second concise; third is to have color contrast.
 
---------------
A, grasping feature
 
     First of all to grab some rich local characteristics, characteristics of the times as the background scenery, clear account of the timing of events, locations and time atmosphere to enhance the audience's understanding of the themes, which have characteristics of the times crawling scene, so that people understanding of the historical background.
     As a locomotive with smoke or factory chimneys as the background, in the fifties or make people feel booming business, motherland thriving scene, inspire aesthetic feelings of people;
     But today the eighties, such as the background still, it will be said to be contaminated, reflecting dock workers as well.

Shooting portraits also attaches great importance to the selected feature rich environment for the background to set off the character's career and personality traits. (Such as the girl can not be used as the background red flower), which is called environmental portraits.
     Environment figures contrast, there are positive backdrop background lining, contrasting points, such as the well-being of children with flowers blooming garden backdrop for the environment, is being lined;
     Such as hunger, poverty on children in the fast-paced world of bustling streets, is contrasting.
 
---------------
B, concise
 
     It has been said so, "different means of artistic expression of painting and photography, and that is the addition of painting with photography using a subtraction," because painting reflect life on the screen is always to add something, but photography is always reflect life do everything possible to subtract those unnecessary things. Which is important to prevent the background of the main highlight dispensable subtracted something to achieve simple and refined picture.
To distinguish them from the many photographs, found many experienced photographers are fully mobilized to achieve a variety of photographic techniques concise background.

Some with Yang angle to avoid the clutter of the scene on the horizon, the main object in the sky off cleanly;
     Some with bow angle to the road, water, grass for background, so that the main outline clear, concise obtain background;
     Some use backlighting, the background clutter lines hidden in the shadows;
     Some hide in the background with a mist of white haze; some with long focal length lens narrow background scenery excluded from the screen;
     Some use virtual focus soften background lines. These methods can achieve the desired result succinct background.
 
---------------
Contrast C, tone on
 
     In color photography have color contrast, so the body has a three-dimensional, spatial sense and clear contour lines, strengthen efforts visual.
Contour shape processing rules:
     Lining the main dark bright background;
     Lining the main bright dark background;
     Bright or dark gray body lining on neutral background;

The main light, background light, middle have dark contours;
     Body dark dark background, the intermediate contour line must be bright.
     Because photography is flat plastic arts, and if there is no comparison interval, the main image or tone on tone and context necessary to dissolve into one, the loss of the possibility of being visually identified, so it was the King tone contrast color screen, compared to means of delivery, with it, the screen image will be sent to the front of the audience projections.
Processing background screen photography is an important part of the structure, carefully select only in the shooting, in order to make an accurate picture content refined, so that the visual image of the perfect performance.
 
===========================
【The term four key questions blank specimens】
 
     In addition to the entity object photographed screen visible, there are some blank portion which is composed of the background of a single color, a gap is formed between the solid object.

Background color can be single sky, water, grassland, land or other features, due to the use of various photographic means reasons, they have lost the original physical image, and in the colors on the screen to form a single entity to set off other objects.
Blank although not object entity, but also on the screen is an indispensable part of it is the contact between the various objects on the screen to communicate, organize the relationship between them bond.
     Role blank on the screen, as the role of punctuation in the article as tricks to make the picture clear, Duanluofenming, Qimai smooth, but also help authors express emotions.
     The following detailed analysis about the process and the role played by a blank part of the screen:
 
---------------
1, leave some gaps on the screen to highlight the needs of the body
 
   To make the main eye-catching, with a visual impact, it is necessary to leave some gaps around, such as making the characters are always avoid the head, body and trees, houses, street lamps and other objects overlap, but will arrange a single character blank background colors are formed around the subject matter leave some gaps, can be said to be a law of the plastic arts.

Because people need to appreciate is that the object space, a beautiful work of art, if it is placed into a pile of clutter objects, it is difficult to appreciate its beauty, only to leave some space around it , fine art will release its artistic light.
 
---------------
2, a blank screen helps to create the mood of the screen
 
  If a picture is stuffed full of solid objects, with no gaps, will give a feeling of oppression, have the right to stay on a blank screen, will make the vision has room for maneuver, ideas have changed the possible.
     People often say: "Painting stay-thirds empty, angry along with hair." Remain blank when made??, will make the picture lively, ethereal handsome. The space is often filled with the author's feelings, thoughts of the audience, the realm of the works can be sublimated.
It is always a real extension of the blank screen at not exist in isolation. The so-called empty place is not empty, it is a real place against the background of the space and each other, before the formation of different associations and atmosphere.
 
---------------
Echoes the relationship between the various objects Condition 3, a blank screen or organization
 
Different spatial arrangements, to reflect the different echoes relationship.
     The so-called echo, always from a certain distance between the two objects formed, such as the two on objects close together, it does not matter echoes.

All objects due to different beginning, the use of different, different lines stretching direction, different light exposure so the situation will show a certain direction, there is support or oppose the relationship, to carefully observe the directionality of the object, and reasonable arrangements blank distance to organize their mutual relationship echoes.
 
---------------
4, movement blank specimens and objects related
 
The general rule is: the object is moving, such as traveling people, Mercedes-Benz cars and other objects, to leave some empty space in front, so as to enable the movement of objects there is room for stretching, the audience heart also feel smooth, deepen feel the movement of objects, people's attention is also desirable that people appreciate having a psychological requirements.
     In short, we should be good flexibility, with the original use of the blank.
 
---------------
5, blank and occupied an area the size of the physical screen, but also to meet a certain ratio between
 
  To prevent an area equal, symmetrical, in general, the total area of ??the space of the screen is larger than the area occupied by the entity object, the picture only looked ethereal, delicate and pretty.
     If the entity object is larger than the total area occupied by the space, the picture focuses on realism, but both on the screen if the total area equal to, the impression becomes dull mediocrity, which is a form of feeling.

Chinese ancient painting discourse: "sparse be cursory, airtight." That walk on the extreme point density layout, to strengthen certain feelings of the audience, to create their own style.
     The proportion of homes and leaving blank the space at the real change is indeed an important means of creative screen layout.
 
===========================
【The term five key issues balanced picture】
 
     In real life, all objects have a balanced and stable forms: a table with four legs are strong, if three legs then it must form a balanced tripod full potential until firm; build a house if the big little below the top, it gives a kind of shaky feeling; Tiaodan child a heavy one light, people walking difficulties; work in people's attitude is clearly determined to meet the labor body balanced attitude ...... features.
     Many people living culture phenomenon requires a balanced mental, and play a role in people's aesthetic process.
Under normal circumstances a picture should be balanced, stable, people feel stable, harmonious and complete. It requires a balanced use of psychological factors that can come from several aspects emphasized expressive picture:


1, emphasizes a dignified, solemn atmosphere, require a balanced picture of a smooth, even intentionally taken symmetric equilibrium, a quaint solemn relations from a symmetric equilibrium cautiously shows.
2, in some emphasis on elegant, quiet, lovely lyrical scenery picture and lively characters, plot screen, the required changes can have on the balance of the screen there are dense sparse, there is virtual, but the overall requirement is balanced the.
3, also can be balanced using the other hand. That intentionally violate the law of equilibrium, so that people do not balanced picture caused some unrest sense, like being an external shock like. Uneven declension use the form to express the profound themes.
 
===========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Tips Node--Composition 1

===========================
【Photography composition concept】

 
     Refers to the object in real life three-dimensional space environment using visual features, the organic reproduction of two-dimensional space defined by the corner, and to assume a prominent subject...

Software Chapter Tips Node--Composition 1 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

===========================
【Photography composition concept】

 
     Refers to the object in real life three-dimensional space environment using visual features, the organic reproduction of two-dimensional space defined by the corner, and to assume a prominent subject, to attract attention, to simplify the messy, given the role of balanced harmony of the screen, and for more information interpretation conveyed through the screen structure, reflecting the author's understanding and feelings of a thing.
     "Photographic composition" is based on people and then rose from the success of photography out of a set of summarized experience "theory."
 
===========================
【Composition term】
 
 
---------------
1 [concept]
 
     The term composition is the English transliteration COMPOSITION for plastic arts terminology.
     Its meaning is: the composition of the various parts, combined, configured and collate a higher an artistic picture.
     In the "dictionary" in talking about the whole "composition" is the theme of the artist and beauty in order to show the effect of the work, in a certain space, arrange and handle people, relationships, and position objects, the image of the composition of the individual or local art.
     Referred to as "tricks" or "layout" in Chinese traditional painting.
     This terminology contains a basic and general sense, that is, those parts of the unified whole, in a limited space or plane shown by the image of the author are organized to form a specific structure of the screen, in order to achieve the photographer performance intent.

     In short, the composition refers to how people, scenery, objects in the picture which way to get the best layout arrangement, is a method of combining the image, is the sum of all the means of revealing the image of.
     In a nutshell, the so-called composition, that is, the use of visual elements constitute the artists on the screen according to space them organized, in terms of resorting to the visual beauty of form point, line, shape, light, shade, color co-ordination .
 
---------------
2 [purpose]
 
     The idea of typifying a person or scene to be stressed, highlighting thereby abandon those general, surface, tedious, minor things, and properly arrange to accompany the body, choose the environment that works better than real life, stronger, better, more focused, more typical, more desirable to enhance the artistic effect.
     In general, a person is to be passed to other people's thoughts and feelings art, words can truly express the purpose of composition.

===========================
【Term tone】
 
 
     In photography composition in the form of performance, a moving and powerful performance tone to get through, but in the tone of the performance to be in line with local tone should be subordinated to the overall tone;
     By contrast, the United States, the beauty of harmony, rhythm, beauty, rhythm of the United States, the ratio of the United States, the balance of the United States, the movement of America ......
     Seek changes in unity, seeking comprehensive use of unified law in change, to the beauty of the photographic images momentum to creative expression.
Principal photography of objects, from an objective reality, in the form of screen performance, it should be bold, rational create and improve screen.
     In this process, there is also the picture of the finishing process, which is the problem of clipping, cropping the picture in the form of trade-offs is a local increase or decrease the overall organizational relationships, to every local needs are subordinated to the whole.

===========================
【Key issues  term a creative composition】
 
 
---------------
1, [theme formation]
 
The image of the original intent of the artist's creative activity, art differs from the copy of the main dietary life and imagination to create, including the photographer's view of the passion and creativity, contains the image of the thinking power and generalization.
     Undoubtedly, each photographer at any moment of his life, thoughts and feelings are likely to be occupied or some kind of excitement, and sometimes these thoughts and feelings make it difficult for him to get rid of. So he began in real life environments such thoughts and feelings eagerly looking performance. Photographer living in the moment to create photographic works of art, this is a strange form of passion and rising.
     So some people have this passion referred to as "inspiration" thing. Such inspiration, psychologists believe is a psychological phenomenon in creating activities.

Inspiration is due to the sudden outbreak of highly concentrated thought out creative ability. But inspiration is not coming out of thin air, often after some brood emerged, often with inspiration coming of a certain chance, sometimes inadvertently triggered. Inspired a lot of opportunities, the role of the various factors that actually inspired the photographer to promote the flow of the imagination, unsettled moment become clear thoughts and feelings and find emotional show the beauty of form.
     Comrade Zhou Enlai said, "long-term accumulation of by chance," he explained, "This was the chance of life is built on a long-term basis and accomplishment from something in common, except talented artist to be able to discover America create beauty. "Just as Rodin said, "beauty everywhere, only sincere and full of emotion people can find it."
     Life and beauty tightly linked eating everything in life all the beauty factor, the key lies in the artist's sensitivity and imagination.
     Higher than normal sensitive artist from continuous efforts to observe life and artistic accomplishment.

Theme mining photography derived from life. Form the subject of more intense due to the photographer creative desires and creative impulses. Theme is the soul, what are thoughtful. "Intended to be taken," is said to be taken before conception, meaning that is the theme of a topic to form one inseparable from social practice photographer living in long-term practice of gradually bred together, the second is extracted from the material the.
 
---------------
2, [theme and composition]
 
After the theme established, artistic conception is the image of the most active phase of thinking, at this stage, although the image, but not the practice stage. Therefore, the fact that there are a number of details or characters may still imperfect, and to complete the creative intent, must specifically conceived in the image and the picture portrayed. How performance is a skill problem, but skills is an integral part of the whole idea, and the idea of mature and depends on the depth understanding.

In order to obtain expressive artists looking on the screen saying "shape motivation" object binding and various changes in order to find out the best one, this is the composition.
It embodies the idea works out from the composition, no idea there is no composition, the process of composition is the process of developing ideas and deep themes.
Every artist living in the real society, with its own roots soil - the people and life. Left the fertile soil, the tree of life will wither, the light goes out of art. Works always reflect the author's feelings about life, thinking, judgment and conclusion, it can be seen through the works of the author's literacy, thinking, personality, taste, requirements and aspirations behind the work is the author's personality, the real creation activities, the image of a strong personality.


Composition has its own rules and methods, the photographer based on their intrinsic sensitivity to composition, shape visual art is the art of composition by eye can distinguish good and bad. Patterned features on its quality, so that the viewer should first go to work without the title, and without introduction and notes, with visual intuition can immediately feel the author's intentions.
     Can not rely on word of Tech, speak with the title, by the structure of the human, physical, King and the entire screen to express feelings and to express the author's passionate love for life. Theme of the work, it is through the author's vivid shape the typical image has a distinct personality manifested only such works, to make the audience have as heard, as reflected in its people, immersive real sense.
So before patterning process in photography, first look for creative motivation (motivation conception, modeling of motivation), and the composition is a process of creating works of art, all the elements of the composition is a comprehensive work of art. This comprehensive, is able to more fully and more effectively the performance of ideological intent, which is the author's thinking is reflected to be works of art in the form of feelings to the process, so that the composition is in accordance with the content of works of art to all forms factors connected together.

===========================
【The term two key issues to accompany the body】

 
     Refers to accompany the body on the screen and the body to a certain plot, features and content to help target the expression of the subject.
     Organization to screen up to accompany the body is the object of some status, body composition and plot them on deepening the subject content, to help explain the main characteristics play an important role.
     Due to accompany the body on the screen, the visual language will be much more accurate and vivid.
Its role has the following characteristics:
 
---------------
1, deepen the main connotation
 
     From the works of "technical leather fans" to illustrate the main screen are two workers to accompany the body is a machine gears and table rice, machinery and workers and rice together constitute the production of technical leather plot. Due to accompany the body as a large machine next to the work table where the hold rice, workers are concentrating on research, so many plot hidden meaning, machines and table rice, the workers figurative language, it reflects the workers in the four modernizations, the sleepless nights to engage a true portrayal of technical leathers, here to accompany the body to help express the visual language is difficult to express in words.

---------------
2, the picture handle to accompany the body, in essence, is to properly handle the plot
 
     Accompany the body to be able to choose the character characterization, description feature event, which is to have a typical (such as "old age music").
 
---------------
3, the picture must accompany the body's arrangements do not undermine the main principle, not overwhelming
 
     Accompany the body on the screen area occupied much, arrange colors, trend lines, the characters look action, should cooperate closely with the main, closely related, can not be divorced from the body.
     Due to the severity of the screen layout of primary and secondary points, so often accompany the body in the picture is incomplete, leaving only able to explain that part always enough.
     Accompany the whole body, the body will weaken, not Tandaqiuquan, starting from the actual results, the choice people have a sense of proportion.

---------------
4, Handle to accompany the body has a direct and indirect treatment
 
Direct treatment -
 
     Sometimes accompany the body is not directly seen in the case of painting, we say to accompany the body, although the plot is constituted with the main object, but there are some pictures with the main plot is not among the objects that make up the picture, and in addition to the screen. The main action on the screen look with an object other than the linked picture, although it did not show the object on the screen, but it will appear in the viewer's imagination, this performance we called indirect manifestations accompany the body .
 
Indirect processing -
 
   Indirect process to accompany the body, it is important that arrangements must skillfully guided imagined media.
Indirect processing accompany the body is an artistic structure of the screen, it can expand the capacity of the picture of life, and create art paintings, let the viewer's imagination to participate in the creation of pictorial aroused interest and appreciation of room aftertaste. Therefore, the structure of the picture like to do outside see Italy, painted outside painting, limited format, limited Painting.
 
===========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】
生活LOFT

Software Chapter Art Node--News Image Photography

============================
【Concept】
 
     Through visual means to convey the news genre information is an important part of the news.
     The picture is just a narrow news refers to news photos.
 
============================
【Species term...

Software Chapter Art Node--News Image Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

============================
【Concept】
 
     Through visual means to convey the news genre information is an important part of the news.
     The picture is just a narrow news refers to news photos.
 
============================
【Species term】
 
----------------
1 [News Photos]
 
Shooting newsworthy people, objects, landscapes, is to reproduce the people, things, King's original appearance.
     Its characteristics are profiling, photo made ??pictures mainly play the role of news and information dissemination, some photos have art value, to beautify newspapers made ??pictures.
 
----------------
2 [News Chart]
 
First, the statistics tabulation drawing, 筻 focus on the reader to read at a glance.
     Second, the diagram will not only focus on the statistics plotted, and use visualization techniques indicate that analogy or comparative figures are more vivid.
     Characteristics are shaped table to form a solid and hands. Schematic used to express political, economic and military situation.
     Some kind of situation map published separately, or with news and reviews with Commentary published. Chart numbers, facts and location must be strictly true.
 
----------------
3 [News Map]
 
Characteristics are shaped table real, between ideographic situation.
     Not at liberty to draw the map, must strictly follow the map to indicate the proportion of the original location.
     Can be used with text news release, only that geographical factors news of things, or as an independent news map was published, together with the text, mainly from the amount of the overall situation in certain position to disseminate news and information.
 
----------------
4 [News Comic]
 
Newsletter cartoons or custom comic, ironic and humorous effect, characteristics are shaped by ideographic.
     Means the author of many social phenomena out of some kind of abstract views and tendencies, form refers to a variety of images and forms, can be funny or exaggerated to express the author's opinions and tendencies.
     Is a painting, but also a strong journalistic, often for praise, criticism, or even argue, struggle means.
 
----------------
5 [News sketch]
 
In reality newsmakers and things for painting objects.
     Seize its moment of dynamic image sketch into a painting, to disseminate news and information.
     Features are painted shape, newsmakers and things can not be fully restored to true colors, and can not take the typical creative techniques of painting.
 
============================
【Select standard terminology】
 
-------------
1 [Original Quality]
 
(1) news value (true, new, live, love, meaning);
Integrated visual effect (2) to picture generated
 
-------------
2 [plate technology requirements]
 
Require photo picture of the scene have levels, according to the system out of the picture will show a rich three-dimensional.
     The newspaper published the picture to zoom in or zoom out, zoom-plate change will lead to false, ambiguous; narrow plate, difficult to clear, this is the picture selection problem can not be ignored.
     Picture background and subject to coordination. A clear picture of the scene contrast, require distinct contrast of black and white lines, otherwise the effect is not ideal.
 
3 [quality newspaper paper]
 
     Where the quality of the picture itself is the deciding factor, plate and sheet will affect the picture visual effects.
 
============================
【Cut choreography term】
 
-----------------
1 [cut]
 
(A) cut principles: form follows content, prioritize.
(2) changes in the composition structure cut role :( determine frame ratio.)
     News photos tailoring role has two, one to correct the shortcomings of the screen technology, two prominent news pictures of the body.
(3) news photo images often appear technical shortcomings and corrective methods: tilt the screen, giving the feeling of imbalance.
(4) Press photo in photography state, need to cut processing into news state. The purpose is to highlight news main image, especially to be able to express the essence of the main image information, so that readers can quickly focus on the viewpoint, produced a strong impression. More profound understanding of the content and meaning of the image information, but also to preserve memories.
     Tailoring approach is willing to cut off relations with the main screen is not part of, or out of the main part of the effect of amplifying the most information dissemination made ??pictures. Require editing when looking at photos of the original, to look like as a viewfinder when shooting, both the subject and the scene attention, and carefully observe the main characteristics to identify the most representative image to. Examine the thinking at this time, can not be limited to the photo itself, but also consider the prevailing situation and the reader's overall acceptance of psychology.

-----------------
2 [Photo caption]
 
Caption generally consists of three parts
Information content (1) The transmission of the picture portion can not be expressed well by the image itself exactly
(2) the author, including news photos of the photographer
(3) press unit
     Divided by the delivery of an individual paintings and photos, description dispatch units, in order to explain the source of the picture, is responsible to the reader, the reader's reference level of trust factor.
 
============================

 

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Software Chapter Art Node--Folk Photography

===========================
【Concept】
 
     In a nutshell, that is, to things like the theme of folk photography categories, layman's terms, is to use the camera to shoot people their lives
 
===========================
【Features term】
 
1 is essentially based...

Software Chapter Art Node--Folk Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

===========================
【Concept】
 
     In a nutshell, that is, to things like the theme of folk photography categories, layman's terms, is to use the camera to shoot people their lives
 
===========================
【Features term】
 
1 is essentially based photography people's eyes, to the intake of different ethnic groups, people of different backgrounds living condition, survival, life interesting, and constitutes a colorful mix of folk customs.
2 has a very strong discipline marginal, it has a direct or indirect contact with the many disciplines such as folklore, ethnology, anthropology, archeology, history, etc., which is extremely esoteric knowledge.
3 thematic group photo with the whole family group photos form is complete and reflects the style of folk art of photography
 
===========================
【Request term】
 
1 should show folk characteristics, in order to create a rich folk characteristics of multi-faceted, multi-angle to refine the special screening of the subject.
2 should show folk photography features. Folk Photography is a national advocate for the photographer along to explore the subject in depth and complete analysis. Folk photographer is to make life in depth, deep material, the series completely to reflect folk customs.
 
===========================
【Term manifestations】
 
     Folk Photography belong documentary photography category, emphasizing preparation for any folk activities, carried out stage, climax and ending, beginning and an end to the whole documentary process.
     So, photography manifestations of folk photography should be complete folk thing as thematic group photos.
 
===========================

 

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Software Chapter Art Node--Portrait Photography

==============================
【Feature term】
 
     Image both characters and the story about the characters.
     Portrait photographers in shooting shape characteristics of the characters, but also captured the character's personality traits....

Software Chapter Art Node--Portrait Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

==============================
【Feature term】
 
     Image both characters and the story about the characters.
     Portrait photographers in shooting shape characteristics of the characters, but also captured the character's personality traits.
 
==============================
【Classification terminology】
 
1. official portrait
2 body portrait
 
3 informal portrait
 
4 casual portrait
 
5 Alternative Portraits
 
==============================
【Term Shooting tips】
 
--------------
[Camera angle]
 
1 slightly higher angle, you can make people a little plump little thin;
2 slightly lower angle, you can make a little delicate little fat people;
3 cheeks over the square side should point shooting;
4 double zygomatic excessive Yi Ching point shooting;
5 nose should not be too high side beat;
6 flat facial structure should forehand.
 
--------------
[Integration factor]
 
     To be able to fully reflect the character portraits, but also pay attention to the character of the close-up, close-up, medium shot, panorama shot and film scenes in scheduling, as well as the plot of the film materials organically combine the atmosphere, tone, spatial position , scenic environments and characters of the lens together.
 
--------------
Need to consider the following points
1 Taking portrait photos first thing to do is to carefully understand your subject.
2 shot cameras and lenses
3 angle shot
 
==============================

 

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Software Chapter Art Node--Photographic Art

============================
【Concept】
 
     A plastic arts.
     To cameras and photographic materials as a tool, the use of picture composition, light, shadow tone (or tones), and other means to express the theme of modeling and obtain its artistic...

Software Chapter Art Node--Photographic Art - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

============================
【Concept】
 
     A plastic arts.
     To cameras and photographic materials as a tool, the use of picture composition, light, shadow tone (or tones), and other means to express the theme of modeling and obtain its artistic image. Photographer using a camera to reflect the social life and natural phenomena, express thoughts and feelings. According to the idea of ??artistic creation, the use of photography modeling techniques, through the production process darkroom procedures have made ??artistic appeal photos.
     Including all art and photography-related activities in a broad sense;
     Especially in the narrow sense can exist as a variety of art that part of photography
 
============================
【Classification terminology】
 
     Landscapes, still life photographs, portraits, custom photos, news, pictures, etc.
 
============================
【Plastic arts terminology】
 
     The photographer to use the camera as a basic tool, based on the idea of ??the creation of the characters or scenes filmed, now through darkroom process, create a visual image of the art to reflect the social life and natural phenomena, and to express thoughts and feelings of a art style.
 
============================
【Comparison of Western art photography terminology】
 
-------------
1, [theme]
 
     Due to the West in the relationship between man and nature awareness of differences, resulting in dominant art photography photography themes are different: body / landscape
 
-------------
2, [performance practices]
 
     Because in the world of Western art reflects different ways, resulting in performance art photography practices have focused on: realistic / impressionistic
 
-------------
3, [aesthetic ideal]
 
     Because different Western artistic tradition and aesthetic pursuit, resulting in art photography to reflect its different forms of aesthetic ideal; typical / mood.
 
============================
【Photography evaluation terminology】
 
     Photography art is a relatively young art categories, each of which is closely associated with the era of high-tech development and developing.
     Photographic Art is a high-level overview of reality; derived from life than life image work; Ya is a noble culture.
     Art is an expression of the author's photography, as talk is an expression, writing is an expression of the same.
     Expression of a variety of photography can be "beautiful", "Still Life", "portrait", can also be "documentary", "folk", "concept", the expression does not hierarchical.
  Learning is not just learning photography aperture, focal length, exposure, color temperature, contrast, sensitivity, white balance and the like technical knowledge, not just to learn composition, shape, color, light and shadow, and so aesthetic knowledge, as well as learning foreign outstanding photographers, photographers see pictures and treatises friends, and so on.
     Also, learn some classes, such as philosophy, anthropology, sociology, history, history of art seems little direct relationship with photography knowledge.
 
============================

 

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Software Chapter Genre Node--Ink Photography

================================
【Concept】
 
     As the name suggests, is to use the camera to shoot pictures of ink painting style. Imitation of Chinese painting effect.
     In a narrow sense, refers to the black, white and gray as the main color...

Software Chapter Genre Node--Ink Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

================================
【Concept】
 
     As the name suggests, is to use the camera to shoot pictures of ink painting style. Imitation of Chinese painting effect.
     In a narrow sense, refers to the black, white and gray as the main color, and has a black and white photograph of Chinese painting means.
     Broadly, ink style photography refers to photographs of all imitation painting effects, including black and white and color.
 
================================
【Classification terminology a press theme】
 
     Since it is a fake painting effect, the classification can also learn traditional Chinese painting category.
 
     Landscape Photography / birds
 
1, ink landscape photography grew out of Chinese landscape painting, the emphasis is on the actual situation, the general photography enthusiasts like to shoot clouds, clouds in itself because there is a painting of taste.
 
2 Compared with ink style landscape works, bird theme on the subject and angle selection more attention. Because the film are some of the subtle things.
     The blank screen background is the ability to test the photographer's viewfinder.
     If you are using photoshop late matting, often results untrue; but if the rate of white cloth in the back of plants, in most situation is unrealistic.
     So, experienced photographers usually relatively clean background with nature, post processing can appear a little good effect.
 
================================
【2 Press style classification terminology】
 
     Impressionistic / realistic
 
================================
【Term shooting method】
 
-------------
1, [What is Ink]
 
    Ink is a form of traditional Chinese painting unique. Using ink shades to represent the object distance, density. Although the color is not rich, but shades of ink smudges, but it gives a quiet Flirting mood.
Another factor is the ink composition. Chinese painting exquisite composition. One important way is to "blank." In other words, the screen is not filled full of objects. White to express mood.

-------------
2 [with the way photography exhibit Ink effect]

    In accordance with the previous paragraph, the two elements of ink: ink shades and patterned blank. As long as a good grasp of these two points, the effect of the photo shoot ink is much simpler. But before the shooting, it is strongly recommended that the faithful see more proactive Chinese painting. Especially the works before the Qing Dynasty.
Only heart ink, you can shoot ink effect!
This is the photographer's perspective to foster problem. Because some good ink photography, drawing on flowers and vine leaves. Very common subjects, the camera and the technical requirements are not high, but some people can find this angle. Some people do not see.

-------------
3 [Note Highlights]
 
Ink effect blank is very important, how to do the filming this? To try to make the photo background clean. You can use the lens blur, you can also use a white cloth on the objects of the class. Of course, if you're shooting landscapes, then the clouds is the best way blank. If you are shooting birds, you can use the sky as a background.
    In short, we must allow background clean. Facilitate post-processing.

-------------
4 [post-processing]
 
Do the above three points, even if your photos are excellent material of ink. But to form an outstanding photography. Post-production is essential. General use software PHOTOSHOP. You can brighten the background of the photo by adjusting the curve, contrast, white, forming a white ink painting effect. In addition, by reducing the saturation, as well as in terms of black and white photography to take the mere mention of the subject into the ink color. Thus, an ink painting is basically forming a.

-------------
5 [punchline]
 
    If you want to make a fake painting effect, then inscription and seal is essential. Calligraphy inscription that matter, write a poem, write your name, date of filming and the like. Seal can download a template. Thus, the white ink redness. An imitation Ink photography is complete.
 
================================
【Ink Photography Terminology】
 
    A photographic method, namely the ink drops in water, and then photographed the ink gradually spread morphology. Called "Ink Photography."
    However, this "ink" nor "ink." Therefore distinguishable.
 
================================

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Software Chapter Genre Node--Surrealism Photograph

===============================
【Concept】
 
    This genre has a more rigorous program of art and art theory.
    Tap new, has not been explored that part of the human "soul of the world." Thus, the human subconscious activity, occasional inspiration...

Software Chapter Genre Node--Surrealism Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

===============================
【Concept】
 
    This genre has a more rigorous program of art and art theory.
    Tap new, has not been explored that part of the human "soul of the world." Thus, the human subconscious activity, occasional inspiration and fantasy has become ultra-realistic photography object artists deliberately performance.
 
===============================
【History term】
 
-------------
1 [rise]
 
    In a 1930s formalism of photography genre.
 
-------------
2 [from]
 
    French writer Bole East (Andre Breton) published in 1924 in the "Declaration of Surrealism."
 
-------------
3 [founder]
 
     British photographer silk cloth Dayton and the United States remain Quayle (1880-1945).
 
-------------
4 [completers]
 
    British stage photographer Mark Penn (1905-?)
 
-------------
5 [disappear]
 
    Surrealism early death in 1966 along with Indre · Braden rather fade away
 
===============================
【Philosophical foundation of the term】
 
    Bergson (Henri Bergson) intuitionism
And
    Freud (Sigmund Freud) psychoanalytic theory
 
===============================
【Features term】
 
    Deliberately target performance is human subconscious activity, occasional inspiration, psychological metamorphosis and fantasy, with scissors, paste, darkroom techniques as the primary means, in the works screen image will be piling up, patchwork, restructuring, any exaggeration, deformation, creating a realistic and imaginary, surreal "art realm" between the concrete and the abstract.
 
===============================
【Charm term】
 
    Each works as a kind of visual images of objects are symbols appear, surrealist photography home these symbols for words to create "images sentence," and this "image sentence" It is difficult can be translated into "language sentence" This sentence also tend to contain a mood, a ray of poetry, some sensuality and a modicum of political overtones, the implied meaning is also ultra-realistic works of art charm lies.
 
===============================

 

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Software Chapter Genre Node--New Materialism Photo

=============================
【Concept】 
 
     Also known as "disposable photography", "new realism photography."
 
=============================
【History term】 
 
     A photographic art genre emerged in the...

Software Chapter Genre Node--New Materialism Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=============================
【Concept】 
 
     Also known as "disposable photography", "new realism photography."
 
=============================
【History term】 
 
     A photographic art genre emerged in the 1920s.
 
------------
Theory pioneer Strand
 
     He believes that photography "for life performance is very strong, but things need to observe the correct eye.
     For this reason, not based on a perfunctory process and method of operation, but must use pure photography job. "
 
------------
Creative pioneer Adger / Steichen
 
------------
The actual founder of Pa Chiu
 
------------
After 1925 years ago, due to the emergence of large-caliber small camera, the new field of materials that show the development of a new doctrine
 
=============================
【Features term】

 
     Seeking "beautiful" things in common.
     With a close-up, close-up and other techniques, the whole subject of "separation" came out, highlighted the performance of a detailed object accurately and truthfully portray its surface structure, so as to achieve the eyes and ears of the matter are both trademarks of visual effects.
     It does not consider the nature of art objects that nature prompts, and thus its naturalistic aesthetic thought belongs to category.
 
=============================

 

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Software Chapter Genre Node--Purists Photography

===============================
【History term】 
 
     Mature in the early twentieth century as a photographic art genre.
     A derivative of the American photographer who Stiglitz (1864-1946).
 
==============================
【Term advocate...

Software Chapter Genre Node--Purists Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

===============================
【History term】 
 
     Mature in the early twentieth century as a photographic art genre.
     A derivative of the American photographer who Stiglitz (1864-1946).
 
==============================
【Term advocate】 
 
     Should play its own characteristics and performance photography, it freed from the influence of painting, photography by pursuing pure beauty of photography has a special effect - the height of the clear, rich tone level, subtle lighting changes, pure black and white tone, delicate texture performance, precise image portrayed.
     Deliberate pursuit of so-called "photographic quality": accurate, direct, subtle and natural way to show the subject of light, color, line, shape, texture, quality aspects, without the aid of any other plastic arts media.
     From a certain point of view, some purists and creative ideas formalism and naturalism are "hybrids", and later evolved into the "new doctrine that matter."
     However, the genre has to some extent contributed to people's photography features and performance skills of exploration and research.
 
==============================

 

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Software Chapter Genre Node--Naturalism Photograph

=============================
【Concept】
 
    It encourages people to photography freed from the shackles of academic, to give full play to promote the role of photography has its own characteristics.
 
=============================
【History term】
 
1.1889, the...

Software Chapter Genre Node--Naturalism Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=============================
【Concept】
 
    It encourages people to photography freed from the shackles of academic, to give full play to promote the role of photography has its own characteristics.
 
=============================
【History term】
 
1.1889, the photographer Peter Henry Emerson Given the weakness of the painting in Writing, published an article entitled "naturalistic photography," the paper advocates photographer back to nature to find inspiration.
    He believes that nature is the beginning and end of art, only the closest to nature, resembles natural art, is the highest art.
    He said no more precise than an art photography, detailed, faithfully reflects the natural, "emotionally and psychologically speaking, the effect of photography lies in the photosensitive material recorded, without modification of the lens sight."
2. send another one of the masters A · L · Pa Chiu said more clearly: "Art should be left to artists to do, to our photography is, and there is nothing to draw on art, should engage in creative independence. "
 
=============================
【Theme term】
 
    Nature / social life
 
=============================
【Terminology】
 
    Because naturalistic photography meet in describing reality and the reality of the surface details of the "absolute" truth, while ignoring the mining and refining of the surface of the object to the nature of reality, in a word, not pay attention to artistic creation and artistic stylized image of typical, Thus, it is essentially vulgar realism. Sometimes lead to a distortion of reality.
 
=============================

 

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Software Chapter Genre Node--Impressionism Photogr

==================================
【Concept】
 
    Inspired by impressionist paintings.
    Some people took it as "fake painting."
 
===================================
【History  term】
 
Representative: Monet and Renoir
Initiate...

Software Chapter Sort Node--Impressionism Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

==================================
【Concept】
 
    Inspired by impressionist paintings.
    Some people took it as "fake painting."
 
===================================
【History  term】
 
Representative: Monet and Renoir
Initiate era: 1960s
    The first to accept the idea of ??the actual British Impressionist naturalism photographer Emerson.
    1899, the British organized the first exhibition of French impressionist paintings. Painting faction photographer Robinson under its influence, that "more beautiful than the soft tone photographic sharp photography" aesthetic standards, to promote "soft tone" photography. The Impressionist painting genre is reflected in the art of photography.
    With the rapidly changing photography concepts, many impressionist photographers also abandoned this style rediscover uncontrolled "direct" photography possible, and thus lay the foundation for the emergence of direct photography faction.
 
====================================
【Theoretical terms】
 
    That the human visual boundary is not clear, clear intermediate portion, the edge portion is blurred.
    Impressionist photography creates a romantic style
 
===================================
【Features term】
 
    Tone of melancholy, shadow pattern rough, full of decorative, but the lack of a sense of space.
    Impressionist photographers make their work completely lost the art of photography's own characteristics, so some people took it as "fake painting."
 
=====================================
【Method term】
 
    The use of soft-focus lens to shoot, photofinishing Bu Wenzhi, the pursuit of a hazy blur artistic effect.
 
=====================================

 

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Software Chapter Genre Node--Painting Photography

=================================
【Concept】
 
    That usually we speak of "Painting School" photography.
    The school photographer in the creative pursuit of painting effects, or "poetic" realm.
 
===============================...

Software Chapter Sort Node--Painting Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=================================
【Concept】
 
    That usually we speak of "Painting School" photography.
    The school photographer in the creative pursuit of painting effects, or "poetic" realm.
 
==================================
【History term】
 
------------
    Photography is painting doctrine prevailed in the early twenty actual field of photography an art genre, it is produced in the mid-nineteenth century England.
 
------------
    Painting doctrine photography has gone through three stages:

    Imitation painting stage / phase advocating song Ya / Painting stage
 
------------
    The first painting is a British photographer, painter doctrine Greek Lu (1802-1870)
 
------------
1851-1853, is the growth period paintings doctrine photography.
 
------------
1857, OG Leyland (1813-1875) created a negative spell by more than 30 sheets put together, with a Renaissance-style works: "The two ways of life", marking the painting art of photography mature doctrine .
 
==================================
【Narrower term】
 
------------
1 [creative methods]
 
    Theme first, the first sketch, asked people to play a shot, then processed by the darkroom from.
    It works structured, elegant layout.
 
------------
2 [Art Features]
 
    Works very plot, narrative and allegorical.
 
===================================
【Broad term】
 
    By extension, the genre paintings modeling principles and norms of their own creative aesthetic pursuit of photographic art genre.
 
------------
1 [creative methods]
 
    Although compliance with the rules and aesthetic orientation heavy style of painting, photography deliberately seeking "significant form", attention photography "love" expression and "beauty" shape, but the genre has always paid attention to play photographer photography The main feature documentary mining potential and play, use the "Select" this shape means "create."
    When shooting on their own a pair of good beautiful eyes, look for the subject matter in the real environment.

------------
2 [Art Features]
 
    The emphasis is on feelings, discovery and insight.
 
==================================

 

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Software Chapter Sort Node--Outdoor Photography

=============================
【Concept】
 
    Broadly defined field shooting scene outside the studio all the studio, shooting narrowly refers to the location of natural scenes.
 
=============================
【Features term】
 
1 scene scene style, background environment...

Software Chapter Sort Node--Outdoor Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=============================
【Concept】
 
    Broadly defined field shooting scene outside the studio all the studio, shooting narrowly refers to the location of natural scenes.
 
=============================
【Features term】
 
1 scene scene style, background environment, the performance area, light color, a particular atmosphere, etc., basically to select, waiting to capture obtained. Photographers on the basis of careful observation of the environment, with directors, producers sector to develop plans and location shooting several preparatory program.
2. actual shooting, the general atmosphere of the lens before shooting, as well as light, sky, clouds, etc., there are strict requirements difficult to borrow shooting lens and vision, panoramic shots.
3 location shooting often have to act decisively and in a timely manner to meet the needs of a variety of shooting pictures.
 
=============================
【Difficulty term】
 
    In various shooting techniques, the location of photography techniques easiest to learn, but also the most difficult deep
 
------------------
[The reason]
 
1 Every beginner photographers are outdoors natural environment according to the state of the natural landscape to learn the basics of photography and basic exposure.
    Outdoor photography works to follow the natural state of the environment and conditions are ripe to be taken, do not need to bother to design light environment or the background, photographed the scene and other conditions require, so learn it naturally without troublesome.

2 outdoor photography or want to be different to stand out outstanding masterpiece, nature is not easy.
    Due to normal conditions in outdoor shooting out of the picture, are similar tone, human nature is difficult to change the environment and get a better picture. Although widely available outdoor light source, camera simple; but if you want to get full satisfaction Zhang lighting mode, than indoor studio light camera can be adjusted much more difficult way. The sun's natural light can not let our instigation, we can only try to use the knowledge learned in peacetime, much to use and master lighting techniques to produce better photographic effect.
    In the case of not freely control the outdoor natural light, in order to shoot beyond the ordinary masterpiece, nature is not easy.
 
3 in the scene and the use of other camera is technically the same reason. If we simply take photographs according to the original state, it is certainly easy to come by. But if you want to have some attractions, excellent photography shoot, it is quite difficult. Because the nature of the case and the lighting of the same scene is not human can go free to change and replacement.
    So, how photographers shooting outdoors, how to control light, how to modify the scene, in order to meet their ideal state, which is more ado than taking pictures indoors studio.
    Outdoor photography learn difficult to master, the truth will be in here.
 
------------------
1. Most likely to take advantage of location photography features to practice more
 
    We already know that outdoor photography can shoot anywhere, and can shoot good pictures, so there is a natural security safeguards, as long as those who understand the basic theory of exposure photography, almost all can become a good location "photographer" .
    And if one requires a general picture of natural or formula composition class, everyone can rest assured that while boldly shooting.
2. It is also much more difficult challenge to shoot photos of the type
    For example, the hardest shot on location photography and high artistic taste with King Art type photos.
    Although such pictures when shooting, the need lens selection, technical aspects of lighting, composition ideas, color schemes and other deep skill, but through repeated practice, you can shoot different from the life of a landscape photo or artistic value higher works.
Once the photographer to break through the bottleneck of the photographic technique, its complete photographic works of artistic value will reach a higher level, which will shoot to bring any money can not buy happiness and pride.
    So, the photographer has accumulated a considerable time after the shooting experience, should be more difficult to type challenge taken to achieve a higher level of photographic art.
 
=============================

 

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Software Chapter Sort Node--Indoor Photography

=============================
【Concept]
 
     As the name suggests, the indoor shooting photography
 
=============================
【Lighting a common terminology】
 
---------------
1 indoor shooting because there are a lot of light, it will test the photographer...

Software Chapter Sort Node--Indoor Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=============================
【Concept]
 
     As the name suggests, the indoor shooting photography
 
=============================
【Lighting a common terminology】
 
---------------
1 indoor shooting because there are a lot of light, it will test the photographer's light technology, whether it is light as well as color and angle can have a lot of changes
     Indoor photography equipment needs at least three 400-watt light tripod photography lights, best mask has soft, concentrating panels.
     One as the main light, two vice lights, auxiliary lamp is responsible for one of the main light fill light weak side, another deputy in charge of the characters behind the hair light lighting or background lighting to change these three light sources, you can put figures made into a class of two high-profile or environmental photography style.
 
---------------
2 [Mirror]
 
Whether one reflector indoors or outdoors are essential photographic accessories, general reflector has two faces:
One is the reflection of light entering the silver surface normal
Another is the reflection of light to enter the normal warm golden light plane
     For the application of reflective panels also need to have a lot of skill, but the original aim, we need to be proactive figures were compensated in some external source of light is difficult to relate to achieve an overall balanced by light
     In indoor photography, the changes also have lights along the main light, backlight and backlight side, we will fill light differently depending on the light changes, so as to achieve the most satisfactory results.
 
=============================
【Common Terminology 2 Flash Trigger】
 
     In indoor photography, the lead flashing is absolutely essential tool, it sends Shanshe light to light through SLR photography camera's hot shoe flash cited this section is divided into two kinds of active and passive
     On the active receivers need to add power, connected to the photography lighting
     Passive receiver is using the 5th battery mode.
     There are some lead flashing is wired lead flashing, high-pressure work, if done incorrectly, it will burn out the motherboard via hot shoe SLR cameras, it is not recommended.
 
=============================
【3 Background Glossary】
 
1 indoor photography background cloth is an essential product, monochrome background cloth, there are themes class background cloth.
     In the background fabric of choice for indoor photography and if you are not familiar with, try to choose a gray, black and white colors make this simple background, so better grasp
2 fans and the like can also be prepared with, you can create a better atmosphere
3 If you go with a stereo, so when shooting music, whether it is emotional slow songs or fast songs and cheerful, you can help more emotional subject, the work of the photographer is kind of swap.
 
=============================
【Common Terminology 4 camera】
 
     On indoor photography tips, wireless flash synchronization and the use is consistent with the SLR, the average entry-SLR camera is 125s, 250s can achieve high-end SLR
     A Case Study in 125s
1 In the shed of the ISO sensitivity range should be the lowest sensitivity, or unified ISO100, the exposure mode to M-speed manual, shutter 125s
2 aperture according photography lights flash factor to adjust the distance from the characters, probably the aperture range is F7 ~ F13.
3 In light cloth, from a single lamp starts flashing on the character's point of view should be left or right oblique 45 degree bias as the main light, and on this basis, gradually add lights, auxiliary lamp on the weak side tasks, break rear lights high in fat or flat position against the direction of hair
     To remember the specific creative photography to the prevailing circumstances and need to adjust your shot.
 
=============================
【5 Lens Glossary】
 
1 more appropriate use of standard wide-angle lens it
     Small space in the room, if there is no wide-angle, then the angle of the photo shoot on the body is too difficult, the most appropriate use of standard wide-angle zoom lens, if it is a Canon 5D, then the most appropriate is the EF 24 ~ 70mm F2.8USM L a
2 needed to delineate the size according to studio lens range, the studio will not use the maximum aperture F2.8, so if you are nervous costs, no need to buy a constant F2.8 aperture lens.
 
=============================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Sort Node--Body Photography

=========================
【Concept】


     A category of photography, photography meaning refers to the characters as the theme, the use of a special device for image recording process


=========================
【Classification terminology】


---...

Software Chapter Sort Node--Body Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=========================
【Concept】

 

     A category of photography, photography meaning refers to the characters as the theme, the use of a special device for image recording process

 

=========================
【Classification terminology】

 

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1, [classical aesthetic]

 

Since the body from the outset, photography and classical paintings produced dendrite branches spread of disputes, so classical atmosphere enveloped the body to become the first fashion photography.

     Meanwhile, in the form of modern and even contemporary photography, classical atmosphere as a nostalgic mood, still filled with the lens at the bottom of many masters.

     Even classical in a sense does not mean the restoration, and can become a fashion - fashion is always turned upside down, and after many years will always be a reincarnation.

From an overall point of view of technical means, the end of the 19th century Italian painting school photographer, mainly through soft skills such as to make the appropriate body to become shooting theme.

     Some photographers also use some now lost classic printing processes, with its elegant and refined picture effect, resulting in the classical and romantic style features.

 

----------------
2, [partial close]

 

When the body out from classical photography mood comes, photographer suddenly discovered that thinking does not necessarily form a perfect whole to aid performance.

     Partial fragment close-up, you can also make an ideal body photography to the other side.

     As an aesthetic practice, shooting form of partial fragments, began in the 20th century.

     In the 19th century, body composition, and a complete physical experiments are dominant academic, so as a painter and sculptor of the material. In the 19th century, photographers can not imagine that we recognized in today's body fragments.

From the later 1920s, many photographers began to focus on the local segment forms. Some photographers began to show a partial torso body, just the shape of the head or is excluded from the picture look so keep a complete body. This approach just will aesthetic of the 19th century came a reversal, when the head is where the center of interest is the dominant part of the body, the mind and spirit of lies. Perhaps it is as a rebellious attitude at the beginning of the modern photographer driven head first into a composition.

In a later form of local manifestations, can be formed roughly three categories.

The first

     Fragments of realism, the body part is a very realistic target appeared, the emphasis is object clarity and realism.

The second

     Local fragment formalism, the emphasis is on line, shape, size, abstract, and the body becomes constitute a material geometry.

Third

     Deformation or partial fragments are blurred by local deformation of an illusion, so that body constitutes the vagaries of visual temptation specious.

 

----------------
3, [abstract and deformation]

 

In fact, in some cases partial close-up, also have the capability of abstraction possible.

     However, as discussed in the abstract here and deformation, it is not limited to the concept of partial close-up on the same time in the form of a sense of handling and performance, the more diverse and has a more intense visual impact.

 

----------------
4, [ideology]

 

Ideology, body photography is actually a very broad concept, it can be a lot of styles of contemporary photography in which the body photography inclusive.

     However, in the strict sense, this kind of expression, mainly to emphasize its strong subjective consciousness and the color is not compatible with mainstream ideology, body here often because of fragmented and confusing.

Early 20th century avant-garde art of the emergence of the concept of body photography process caused a great impact.

 

----------------
5, [self mirror]

 

Photography outset this analogy: "Nature's Mirror."

     Despite the ubiquitous photographic image has made people lose respect it, but some photographers still continues to maintain a self-obsessed mentality.

     So they will own body toward the camera, so that the body photography with such a possibility: a way to reveal the heart of the self-perception.

 

=========================
【Basic knowledge of terminology】

 

----------------
1 [location]

 

The characters shoot, we must first take into consideration is to find your shooting position. Select a point as a simple mid-tone background, leaves, grass or sea can be.

    In order to make the skin darkens, you can find a similar colored background, so to keep people's faces light and bright, keep it simple backgrounds, will reduce patterns, shapes and colors to minimize, or with a special meaning to objects as background .

 

----------------
2 [light]

 

Try to make the sun is behind you, and if the sun is very bright, then let the characters in the shade, because the glare of direct sunlight will make people's faces look over partial white, not natural. If, at the light and shade of some dark, use the flash to brighten the face of the light.

 The best time is in the afternoon shooting, when the light is soft and golden brown. At other times, you can add a color filter 81B or C SLR camera in order to obtain the same effect.

 The most common technique is to your main subject in the shadows, and then use the flash to illuminate the face. You can also use a small mirror or white card to reflect sunlight into the shadows.

 Sometimes you shoot in low light scenes with his back to the characters (backlit), occasionally very creative photo shoot, because the light will produce halo phenomena through the character's hair.

 If you use a SLR camera indoors, so the flash away from the walls or ceiling light, in order to get a more natural light. If you are using a separate flash is best, but pay attention to place it in a place far enough away from the lens to avoid red-eye character generation.

 

----------------
3 [Lens]

 

If you have a SLR camera, using a 135mm or similar lens, you can shoot a picture most of the scene.

    Use the largest aperture (lowest f- number), you can make the background blur, and let the characters facial movies on lighting effects. If the background is also very important, you can use a small aperture (high f- number) so that everything is on the focal length.

 

----------------
4 [Shooting location]

 

As close as possible and not to the whole people are shot down. If you are doing close-up, they can let people fill the entire screen.

    Shooting at eye level in front of the characters can get the best results, so if it is for children to shoot, you need to kneel down.

 

----------------
5 [image proportion]

 

Under normal circumstances is to keep the eyes of the central character in the picture, if the characters look a little to one side, on the air out of the side with some other objects.

If the subject person of the strong contrast between light and dark, you can change the size of the aperture or shutter speed to control the flash of illumination on the film, for example, a large aperture, the flash of illumination on the film large; aperture is small, the illuminance is small.

Try to let you shoot people relax

Let the subject figures seemed relaxed, happy, try to get them to imagine something interesting. People do not like to wait for a long time, so you adjust the camera first, and then ask them to shoot.

 

----------------
6 [add fun to photos]

 

You can use many ways to add some fun or special effects in the photo, for example, you can rotate the camera 30 degrees to shoot, make the characters look as if in a very dangerous angle; or use a wide-angle lens to distort the character's face Department and so on.

 

----------------
7 [moving characters]

 

If you want to shoot that is moving figures, (for example a biker), you can deliberately blurred background images to emphasize speed. If you are using a SLR camera, you can use the middle of a slow shutter speed (1 / 60s).

 

=========================
【Role The term light】

 

    In life and photography, just the most important factor of all images and color formation, it is the creation of three-dimensional universe is not the lack of factors. With the light, to make the human eye to see things in shape and color.

With light will produce a latent role in CCD \ CMOS in the field of human photography, under different light conditions and will figure drawing near visual sense to produce soft hard, so the light has played in shaping the character and characters the role of trade features.

 

--------------
1 [Complex lamp lighting method]

 

Body photography in the studio, in order to achieve a more perfect picture lighting effects, indoor studio must have two or more lighting to lighting, this lighting technique known as "complex lamp lighting method."

Based on the function of each of the lamps, can be divided into:

① main light;

② auxiliary light;

③ effect of light.

    The effect of the light source to play can be subdivided into:

    ① background light; ② hair lights; ③ condenser lights and other special effects.

    As for the number of light sources used in lighting are not limited, to follow the actual need to increase or decrease the number of lights.

 

--------------
2 [direct light]

 

    In unsheltered outdoor sunny weather, the sun big radiate direct light.

    Indoor shed bare lamp (without any shelter or reflector light source) belongs to direct light type.

    This is part of a more masculine hard tone of light quality, when used in photographic form, is more difficult to produce soft texture, and will have a strong chiaroscuro, it is not appropriate form of photography lighting directly applied. But love hard tone texture creators, or landscape photography, etc., are permitted.

--------------
3 [scattered light]

 

    After outdoor sunlight, or other coverings clouds into diffused reflected light, scattered light is called.

    Indoor studio umbrella, shadowless hood or refracted light through reflectors, are all scattered light. This is a gentle soft tone of light quality, is an ideal light source body photography, photography can make the body produce soft beautiful skin texture effect.

Whether these outdoor light or indoor physical body polish method, lighting control technology photographers are frequently used. Photographers also according to their own preferences, change or create a variety of rich atmosphere lighting method. Only on the overall performance of imaging and lighting, the need for beauty and body resonance of, otherwise they will lose body Dramas meaning the art of photography.

 

=========================
【Meaning the term】

 

    The reason is the most beautiful body, because none of the lines, contours than the body lines, contour more vivid, soft, full of rhythmic variations and beautiful;

    Nor is there a volume, shape body size and shape than the ups and downs of a more balanced, stronger, more resilient and more a sense of rhythm;

    And no one is more tender than the body color of skin color, moisture, transparent, glossier and more of a sense of life.

    Body is beautiful, body art photography is the physical beauty of the crystal. Today, due to physical beauty has a special aesthetic value, in addition to sculptures, paintings, but it has been in film, photography, ballet and gymnastics, swimming, skating and other arts and sports, with a variety of different languages ??to the performance, creation, praise body America.

    It not only gave rise to artistic beauty, but also cultivate people's aesthetic sentiments and artistic interest.

 

=========================

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Sort Node--Portray Photography

============================
【Concept】
 
    Refers to the number of sheets originally compiled from some of the concepts based on a photo shoot prints, usually limited to the production of publications, rather than individuals.
    Photo, original meaning...

Software Chapter Sort Node--Portray Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

============================
【Concept】
 
    Refers to the number of sheets originally compiled from some of the concepts based on a photo shoot prints, usually limited to the production of publications, rather than individuals.
    Photo, original meaning in Chinese is portrait painting figures, it is the Chinese tradition of portraiture name.
    Write portrait painted request form God resemblance, so called photo.
    Now art photography, commonly known as album art.
    Ancient Chinese Painting in the "photo" refers to the "write images of the truth", ie images of the true face painting performance when sought, either landscape or portrait must achieve "real" painting throughout.
    Note: Due to the definition of pictorial very extensive, therefore difficult to elegant origin.
 
===========================
【History term】
 
    "Photo Album" Chinese etymology of the word comes from the Japanese term for a photo (photo, from the ancient Chinese "portrait" of the term) of.
    According to the Japanese original intent, but the theme pictorial characters, animals and plants, buildings, landscapes, precious stones or objects and so on.
 
============================
【POSE term display style】
 
--------------
1 [youth type] (including lady type, lively type)
 
(1) Style: Performance of youthful vigor and vitality clothing should be sky blue, pink
(2) White: Select wooden ornaments, crystal bright goods
(3) the action; twisting the body, hands raised, limp jump, leg, funny
(4) Hair: Playing fake hair color hair, not deliberately flaxen hair, the pursuit of natural play
(5) Composition: bold innovation, the cut and cut
 
--------------
2 [avant-garde type] (also called Cool-type or rebellious boy sex Ke)

(1) Style: cold, exaggerated, depression
(2) Scenario: autumn leaves, broken homes moldering wall, Peak Mikie, tattered warehouse
(3) Film: reverse negative red, black and white high contrast, coarse particles, mask
(4) Clothing: fine the way umbilical, metal tight, leopard pattern
(5) Hair: disheveled dyeing, lip clear, matte lipstick
(6) action: bold exaggeration, do not hide cautious

--------------
3 [chic type]
 
(1) Style: casual stretch
(2) Clothing: hanging Phi trailer, casual leisure
(3) makeup: stereo, stylish, light and bright color
(4) Action: body relaxed, soft but just
 
--------------
4 [dignified type] (age 35-50)
 
(1) Style: show culture, knowledge, virtue, taste, identity
(2) Clothing; good wear, formal, texture
(3) Action: calm gentle, elegant, God Choi Olympus, kindly harmony
(4) makeup: close to life, to hide defects, the use of color
 
============================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

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