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Leo
I spend too muc...

I spend too much time and energy on things and people stuff, turns out they are not even worth it at all.
So let's make it the end of last chapter. Find my own purpose,but not living for the ones who dose not even love me and consider for me.

I spend too much time and energy on things and people stuff, turns out they are not even worth it at all.
So let's make it the end of last chapter. Find my own purpose,but not living for the ones who dose not even love me and consider for me.

Hello小树
年末下午茶☕️🍰

年末下午茶☕️🍰

年末下午茶☕️🍰

生活LOFT

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Single Lens Reflex

========================
【Concept】
 
     Refers to a single-lens reflex digital camera, namely Digital Digital, Single alone, Lens Lens, Reflex reflective abbreviation DSLR.
     SLR means single lens reflex, that SLR (Single Lens Reflex), which is...

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Single Lens Reflex - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

========================
【Concept】
 
     Refers to a single-lens reflex digital camera, namely Digital Digital, Single alone, Lens Lens, Reflex reflective abbreviation DSLR.
     SLR means single lens reflex, that SLR (Single Lens Reflex), which is the most popular framing system, most 35mm cameras are using this viewfinder.
     In such systems, mirrors and prisms unique design allows the photographer can be observed directly from the viewfinder image through the lens. Therefore, we can accurately see the film will "see" the same image.
 
=========================
【Term works】
 
 1. In this system, the light reaches the mirror through the lens, refraction and focusing screen to the top to form the image through the eyepiece and pentaprism, we can see the outside scene in the viewfinder.
     In contrast, the general digital camera only (EVF) to see images taken by the LCD screen or electronic viewfinder.
     Obviously directly see image than by processing the image to see more conducive to shooting.

 2. When shooting DSLR, when you press the shutter button, the mirror will pop up, sensor (CCD or CMOS) in front of the shutter curtain will open, through the lens of the light will be projected onto a light-sensitive photographic original, then after they mirror restitution immediately, the viewfinder image can be seen again.
     This construction of single-lens reflex camera, determine that it is completely shot through the lens focus, which enables the viewing window is always the same as seen in the image and film, it's shooting range and the actual shooting range is essentially identical very beneficial to visually framing.
 3. SLR digital cameras can swap different specifications of the lens, which is a natural advantage SLR cameras, an ordinary digital camera can not match.
 4. Now SLR digital cameras are positioned in high-end digital camera products, so the relationship between the photographic quality digital camera sensor (CCD or CMOS) area is much larger than the area of digital SLR ordinary digital camera, which makes digital SLR sensitive area of each pixel camera is also much larger than an ordinary digital camera, so each pixel will also be able to show more detailed brightness and color range of the photographic quality digital SLR camera is significantly higher than the average digital camera.


=========================
【Performance Terminology】
 
----------------
 1. The two main features
 
 (1) can be exchanged shots with different specifications
     This is the natural advantages of SLR cameras, an ordinary digital camera can not match.
 (2) through the photographic lens viewfinder
     Most of the same bayonet traditional camera lens on a digital SLR camera can also be used.
     Digital SLR camera prices relative to ordinary household digital camera to be more expensive, is more suitable for professional SLR cameras and photography enthusiasts.


----------------
 2. The heart of the system is a SLR active mirror, it was placed in a 45 ° angle in front of the film plane.
     Light entering the lens is reflected by the mirror up to a ground glass. To correct this defect, now eye-level type SLR camera mounted on top of a frosted glass pentaprism. This multiple reflection prism will change the optical path of light, the image sent to the eyepiece, then the image is down to just stand around and a correction.
     When shooting, most of the light entering the camera's mirror reflection are up to five prism, almost all SLR camera shutter are located directly in front of the film (because of this shutter is located in the film plane, which is called the focal plane shutter), framing , the shutter is closed, no light reaches the film.
     When you press the shutter button, the mirror flips quickly opened up to let the light path, while the shutter is open, so the light reaches the film shoot. Then, most of the camera's mirror will be reset immediately.
     This necessary action flips the mirror also brings a number of other issues:

 (1) take the picture, the viewfinder will be blocked.
     Because time is blocked just an instant thing, so what is the main problem for this is not immediately reset the mirror it. However, raises a number of contingency issues. For example, in the use of strobe when shooting through the viewfinder will not be able to see the strobe flash device is normal.
 (2) mirror movement
     This needs a quiet place this might be an important issue. Because of the range finder type camera does not block the light path suddenly moving the mirror, this noise is not generated.
 (3) camera shake
     I.e., by operation of the mirror flips caused by the movement of the whole camera.
     Assuming shoot with a shutter speed of 1/500 sec, then do not worry. This shock is not to be noticed. However, if a slower shutter speed to shoot a precise picture of words, such as using a telephoto lens to shoot in dim light, such a shock to the imaging may be problematic.

----------------
 3. Use the SLR viewfinder there are still another problem.

     For example, we want to use the f / 32 aperture to shoot such a small, but the aperture f / 32 to allow light entering the lens is very weak, which causes the image seen in the viewfinder is very dim, it may be difficult to focus, or simply unable to perform focusing.
     In fact, SLR solution is quite clever, it will first use the maximum aperture of the lens allows us to complete framing and focus, when you press the shutter, lens aperture shrinks immediately to the preset aperture, exposure to complete the film, completed in exposure moment, will open the aperture to its maximum aperture, once ready for the next shot.

=========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Single-lens reflex C

========================
【Concept】
 
     Monocular camera, English as Single-lens reflex camera (the abbreviation SLR), Chinese name is generally translated as monocular reflex camera or a single-lens reflex camera
     Because monocular reflex camera...

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Single-lens reflex Camera - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

========================
【Concept】
 
     Monocular camera, English as Single-lens reflex camera (the abbreviation SLR), Chinese name is generally translated as monocular reflex camera or a single-lens reflex camera
     Because monocular reflex camera or single-lens reflex camera to read it too long, the country is often called SLR cameras, SLR cameras, monocular or SLR;
     SLR appear to make up before TLR (twin lens reflex camera) and rangefinder camera numerous defects appear, using the same camera for framing and shooting (it is also called TTL viewfinder, ThroughThe Lens), its basic design to avoid the viewfinder parallax problems.

=========================
【Principle term】
 
1. In a monocular camera systems, mirrors and prisms unique design allows the photographer can be observed directly from the viewfinder image through the lens. Therefore, we can accurately see the film or digital sensor will "see" the same image.
2. The heart of the system is a mirror activities, it was placed in a 45 ° angle in front of the film plane. Light entering the lens is reflected by the mirror up to a ground glass.
3. Early SLR camera must be a way to grasp the waist level and overlooking the ground glass viewfinder camera.
4. Although the image on the ground glass is upright, but the left and right are reversed. To correct this defect, now eye-level type SLR camera mounted on top of a frosted glass pentaprism. This prism multiple reflection of light to change the optical path to the eyepiece of its image, the image is then ground down upright and about a correction.
5. When the viewfinder, most of the light entering the camera's mirror reflection are up to five prism, almost all SLR camera shutter are located directly in front of the film (due to this film plane shutter is located, and thus called focal plane shutter)
     When shooting, the shutter is closed, no light reaches the film.
6. When you press the shutter button, the mirror flips up so quickly open the optical path, while the shutter is open, so the light reaches the film shoot.
7. Then, most cameras in the mirror will immediately reset....

=========================
【Term key components】
 
 -------------------
 1, [Mirror]
 
     Its role is through the photographic lens reflex viewfinder with image on the focusing screen;
     Mirror is a plated silver reflective material on the surface of the glass (note that it is not like a mirror reflective material that is coated on the back of the glass, but the top, so the normal maintenance of the camera as little as possible to wipe the mirror, even if dust on the mirror, it would not affect imaging), 45 ° hinge in the mirror box.
     Before unexposed, mirror effect is to change the optical path, reflected to the viewfinder, the operator can correctly framing and focusing.
     Before the shutter is open, the mirror turned upward, so that the optical path after the shutter was open, exposing the light reaches the film plane.
     After the exposure process, the mirror immediately return to its original position, that instant-return mirror.

-------------------
 2, [Focusing Screen]
 
     Is used to examine the role of focus.
     The focusing screen is equivalent to an ideal plane of the film, i.e., from the mirror to the distance between the focusing screen mirror film plane to the distance is equal.
     Usually matte frosted glass Fresnel lens, before unexposed, instead focusing screen film plane that focus.
     When the focus is accurate, clear image focusing screen will appear.
     Since the optical reflection principle, the picture on the focusing screen and the actual picture is laterally reversed, through five edge finder to be rectified;

-------------------
 3. [pentaprism viewfinder]
 
     Its role is reversed left to right on the focusing screen image rectified see the viewfinder image is completely consistent with the position directly to see the scene.
     Pentaprism is usually a solid piece of glass after cutting and grinding, and then the outer (except the two faces of the focusing screen and viewfinder eyepiece contact) were plated reflective material to form a specular reflection in its interior.
     The viewfinder has two main indicators: Viewfinder magnification (referred to as the viewfinder magnification) and shooting range.

-------
 (1) Viewfinder magnification
 
     Refers to the observation of the subject and the opening angle of the eye directly observed with the eyes of the subject on the eye opening angle ratio, i.e. seen through the viewfinder subject size directly visible with the eye, the subject through the viewfinder the ratio between the size.
     Viewfinder magnification of large and small visual angle, when the viewfinder to see the scene close to the original, realistic strong;
     Viewfinder magnification zoom small visual angle, is easy to see when shooting panoramic. If the magnification is too small, it is difficult to observe the object detail is not conducive to composition and focus, but also things like the differences between uncomfortable viewing. Magnification is generally less than 1X, mostly between 0.75X and 0.95X.

-------
 (2) the shooting range
 
     Refers to the ratio of the scope of the scene by scene and shooting range finder to see in the end pieces, expressed as a percentage.
     Generally seen from the viewfinder screen is not entirely the footage, the footage is always better than smaller, typically 90% to 100%. So just basically avoid parallax SLR, only to reach 100% of the shooting range can be called no viewfinder parallax.
     Only professional models usually only have 100% shooting range.

=========================
【Advantages  Terminology】
 
 1. SLR (eye) camera - only a single lens reflex camera lens, using it both photography also use it for filming, so the parallax basic problem is resolved.
 2. When the framing of the light from the subject focused by the lens, is reflected to the oblique mirror imaging the focusing screen, and then through the top of the ridge from the "roof prism" (Note) reflection, the photographer can be observed through the viewfinder eyepiece scenery, and is down about all the scene the same image, so framing, focusing very convenient.
 3. photography, the mirror will immediately bounce back, lens aperture automatically shrink to a predetermined value, so that the shutter is open Film; after the end of exposure shutter closes, the mirror and the lens iris is reset at the same time.
 4. Single-lens reflex camera can freely switch to its support of a variety of wide-angle focal length, telephoto or zoom lens, close-up lens can also be installed in the lens as needed, plus access extension or expansion bellows connected to the ring.
 5. Where a word from the viewfinder to see the scene, the camera can shoot down.
 6. Simple to use 120 film single-lens reflex cameras generally do pentaprism (such as the Great Wall DF-4 type), can be directly on the ground glass viewfinder, focus; in high-end single-lens reflex camera can also put a plan view of the viewfinder (eg Pearl S-201, Nikon F3), so the same can be like a twin-lens reflex cameras viewfinder low tilt or inverted.
     This is the single-lens reflex camera twin-lens reflex camera gradually replace one of the reasons.
 
=========================
【Term Disadvantages】
 
 1. Increase the mirror and pentaprism room after the body heightening, thickened, add weight;
 2. mirror bounce the moment there will be a mechanical vibration and noise;
 3. Press the shutter button to start the shutter interval is also slightly longer than the other cameras;
 4. Use a small aperture lens in poor light environments framing, focus, due to difficulties arising from the viewfinder screen is dark, the focus could easily lead to mistakes.

=========================
【Digital monocular monocular and traditional terminology】
 
--------------
 1, [high-pixel CCD]
 
     General SLR cameras have 8 million or even higher pixel CCD or CMOS
     The digital SLR also has more than 800 million effective pixels CCD. Currently specializing in full-frame digital SLR's pixels are higher, more suitable for professional use.

--------------
 2, [having more excellent image quality, level of detail is more delicate]
 
     As the sensor area due to the larger SLR, digital SLR cameras easier to get good imaging.
     Lens and relatively richer, richness and image quality lens group is an important factor in selecting film friends.
 
--------------
 3, [manual ability]
 
     Manual adjustment function has become a must-have feature digital SLR, but also their professional representatives.
     And many of the manual exposure and white balance functions are two important aspects. In some cases the photographer wants to get overexposed or underexposed image effects, and even in some cases based on the experience of the photographer, not the normal exposure metering system in accordance with the value, so you need to manually control the exposure and color temperature, in order to achieve good shooting.
     This is also reflected in professional digital SLR.

--------------
 4, [response rate]
 
     Because of its focus system is independent of the imaging device outside, they are basically the same can be achieved with a traditional SLR response speed, in news, sports, photography allows users handy.

--------------
 5, [volume and price]
 
     For SLR cameras because the internal integration of large-size CCD or CMOS therefore relatively bulky appearance, the attendant costs also increased, along with the price and relatively expensive.
 
=========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Single-lens Reflex C

========================
【Concept】
 
     Single-lens reflex camera, (Single Lens Reflex Camera, abbreviated SLR camera), also known as SLR cameras.
     It is a lens through this lens reflex viewfinder of the camera.
     "Single...

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Single-lens Reflex Camera - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

========================
【Concept】
 
     Single-lens reflex camera, (Single Lens Reflex Camera, abbreviated SLR camera), also known as SLR cameras.
     It is a lens through this lens reflex viewfinder of the camera.
     "Single shot" means the photographic light path and optical viewfinder share a shot, unlike rangefinder camera or dual camera optical viewfinder as an independent lens.
     "Reflective" refers to a plane mirror inside the camera will separate the two optical paths: When framing the mirror to fall, the lens of the light reflected to the pentaprism, to the viewfinder; when shooting fast lift mirror, the light can be irradiated onto the photosensitive CMOS device on.

=========================
【History term】
 
 In 1935, the Soviet Union manufactured the world's first 135 SLR (Спорт, which Спорт Sport English meaning).
 In 1936, Germany created the first mass production of 135 SLR Jhagee Exakta.
 1949, Germany created the first pentaprism SLR Contax S-type (CONTAX S).
 In 1950, Germany created the first interchangeable SLR viewfinder Exakta VX.
 1954, Japan Pentax (Pentax) company released the world's first real-time automatic reengaging mirror SLRs Asahiflex II.
 In 1958, Germany's first built-in metering out the form SLRs CONTAFLEX.
 In 1960, Japan created the first high-speed vertical-travel metal shutter SLRs Konica F type (KONICA F), the maximum speed of 1/2000.
 In 1960, Japan created the first high-speed cross-travel focal plane shutter SLR Canon R2000 (Canon R2000), the maximum speed of 1/2000).
 In 1960, after creating the first Japanese lens metering (TTL) SLR PENTAX Spotmatic, 1964 years before the success of commercialization).
 1966, Japan Minolta (Minolta) company released the world's first full-aperture TTL metering division SLRs SRT-101.
 In 1971, Japan's Pentax released the world's first full-aperture-priority automatic exposure SLR ES.
 In 1971, Canon released the world's first full-aperture shutter-priority AE SLR FTb.
 In 1972, Canon released F-1 Motor, nine frames per second continuous shooting speed was the fastest of the movable mirror SLRs.
 In 1977, Japan launched Minolta XD (or called XD-7 / XD-11), is the world's first automatic exposure mode with multiple single-lens reflex cameras.
 In 1981, Japan's Pentax released the world's first autofocus SLR ME-F.
 In 1987, Japan's Pentax released the world's first built-in electronic flash autofocus SLRs SFX.
 In 1992, Canon released EOS5, with the world's first pupil focus SLRs (Eye Control) technology.

=========================
【Principle term】
 
 ---------------
 1. After working system digital SLR cameras, the light reaches the mirror through the lens, refraction and focusing screen to the top to form the image through the eyepiece and pentaprism, we can see the outside of the viewing window scene.
     In contrast, the general digital camera only (EVF) to see images taken by the LCD screen or electronic viewfinder. Obviously directly see image than by processing the image to see more conducive to shooting.
 
 ---------------
 2. When shooting DSLR, when you press the shutter button, the mirror will pop up, sensor (CCD or CMOS) in front of the shutter curtain will open, through the lens of the light will be projected onto a light-sensitive photographic original, then after they mirror restitution immediately, the viewfinder image can be seen again.
     This construction of single-lens reflex camera, determine that it is completely shot through the lens focus, which enables the viewing window is always the same as seen in the image and film, it's shooting range and the actual shooting range is essentially identical very beneficial to visually framing.

=========================
【Advantages Terminology】
 
 ---------------
 1. It has only one shot, only to use it photography also use it for filming, so the parallax basic problem is resolved.
 
     When the light from the subject viewfinder through the lens focus, is inclined to the mirror reflection confocal imaging, and then through the top of the ridge from the "roof prism" (Note) reflection, the photographer can observe the scene through the viewfinder eyepiece, and is down about all the scene the same image, so the viewfinder, the focus is very convenient.
     Photography, the mirror will immediately bounce back, lens aperture automatically shrink to a predetermined value, so that the shutter is open Film; after the end of exposure shutter closes, the mirror and the lens iris is reset at the same time.

 ---------------
 2. Single-lens reflex camera can freely switch to its support of a variety of wide-angle, focal length, telephoto or zoom lens, close-up lens can also be installed in the lens as needed, plus access extension or expansion bellows connected to the ring.
     In short all from the viewfinder look at the scene, the camera can shoot down.

Simple to use 120 film SLR cameras generally do pentaprism (such as the Great Wall DF-4 type), can be directly on the ground glass viewfinder, focus; in high-end single-lens reflex camera can also put a plan view of the viewfinder (eg Pearl S-201, Nikon F3), so the same can be like a twin-lens reflex cameras viewfinder low tilt or inverted.
     This is the single-lens reflex camera twin-lens reflex camera gradually replace one of the reasons.
 
=========================
【Term Disadvantages】
 
 1. Increase the mirror and pentaprism room after the body heightening, thickened, add weight;
 2. mirror bounce the moment there will be a mechanical vibration and noise;
 3. Press the shutter button to start the shutter interval is also slightly longer than the other cameras;
 4. Use a small aperture lens in poor light environments framing, focus, due to difficulties arising from the viewfinder screen is dark, the focus could easily lead to mistakes.
 5. Therefore, some foreign news reporter picked up a head-finder, double shadow coincide focus camera, they think that this camera is compact and lightweight, bright viewfinder focus quickly, easy to candid shots.

=========================
【SLR  vs dual terminology】
 
 1. The twin-lens reflex camera lens reflex camera later sheets instead, mainly because of the SLR camera and imaging with a small viewfinder parallax, small, interchangeable lenses, film and easy.
 
     SLR camera imaging of high quality, the lens can be replaced, can take different shots for a variety of environments.
     Many more specialized control mode, conducive to the creation of a high level.
     Can accurately adjust the color temperature, sensitivity by adjusting the shutter aperture combination to achieve a variety of special effects, there are a variety of lenses can be exchanged with
 
 2. dual and specifications are different film SLR
 
     Dual Lens of general use 120 film, 135 film SLR general use.
     Previous 120 film imaging sophistication than 135 film badly, then the extent of 120 film professionals still improve a lot of delicate.
 
 3. dual dual-lens reflex camera, a photography and framing shots were named because of framing and photography are two optical paths, there is disparity, with 120 film is relatively common.
     SLR is a single-lens reflex camera, framing and photography with the same lens, there is no parallax, 135/120 / Digital cameras have this structure.
 
=========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--120 Cameras

========================
【Concept】
 
     In general, the use of 120 120 film camera is named.
    "120" is a standard film product number, there is no special significance, but the generation and use of numbers is closely linked with the development...

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--120 Cameras - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

========================
【Concept】
 
     In general, the use of 120 120 film camera is named.
    "120" is a standard film product number, there is no special significance, but the generation and use of numbers is closely linked with the development of the camera.
     120 cameras usually refers to medium-format camera, the size of medium-format film is 135 and 4 x 5 film's middle, so they called the medium-format
     Medium-format film there are many, previously had 120,122,127,620, etc. These numbers are not in the film as the film size classification, in fact, they are the same size, but is a different length of the film.
     Most models now only 120 films in circulation, so will be called to do with medium-format camera 120 camera
     In addition to 120, there are 220, 120 is more than twice the length of the film.

=========================
【History  term】
 
-------------------

     1888, Kodak (Kodak) the company began producing the roll of film, and made the world's first aircraft to use a film camera, film camera was used very long, you can take pictures of a diameter of 65 mm film 100.
     The film has been pre-installed, along with a camera to photograph together after back flushing Kodak Company.
     The birth of a new type of photosensitive material, and promote the development of photographic equipment, then asked a variety of film cameras have been developed.
     1900, Brownie (Frank A.Brownell) for Kodak designed a compact box-type camera, called Brownie 号 1 (Brownell No.1). This camera uses a number of 117 film, film paper with care, loading and unloading can be performed during the day, once (can shoot 57x 57 mm screen 6, the operation is quite simple.
     1901, designed a Brownie Brownie camera on the 2nd, the screen size is 57x83 mm film compiled for the 120 number. This type of camera, was very popular. Brownie camera several improvements, has been produced to 1935.

-------------------
     The emergence of new cameras, require new specifications provide film, Kodak 101 film from 1895 began a short span of two decades have 30 numbered film products. However, some specifications of the film is not practical, will soon disappear from the market, over time, have long been forgotten.
     Germany is one of the early industrial development in the camera.
     1928, Germany Fulang Ke · Hai Deke (Fronke Heidecke) company developed a formula using the Brownie film twin-lens reflex camera, the performance is quite perfect, its photographic lens maximum aperture of 1: 4.5, focal length 75 mm, equipped Kang moved shutter speed 1-1 / 300 seconds. This is the famous Carolina FLEX (Rolleiflex) camera.
     After the camera is made to start using outdated 117 film, a film can only take pictures 6x6 cm screen 6.
     Until the second year, the required film cameras photographed 12 6x6 cm picture was produced, this is the beginning we now use 120 film.

-------------------
     120 6x9 cm film also photographed the picture 8, so this specification model B2-8 film also manufactured and sold in Germany.
     Alex Fry Carolina due to the impact of the camera, using 120 cameras will soon pop up. After all collectively use 120 film camera 120 camera.
     "120" was originally numbered Kodak film, film for national use, when the later development of international standards adopted this number, this number will be formally recognized by all countries.
     China's use of the international community usually called, and gained popularity among the masses. But some countries have their own terminologies, has retained a traditional habit.

=========================
【Lens focal length of the term】
 
 Lens focal length 1.120 camera used with 135 cameras used are different, with 6 x 6 as an example:
     Standard lens is 80mm, equal to 135 camera 50mm.
     6 x 6 with a 50mm camera is equivalent to 135 28mm
     645 with 150mm equivalent to 135 camera 90mm.
 
 2.120 film, also known as Brownie (Brownie) type film, or B2-8-type film.
     It uses a larger area of the backsheet 120 of the film, its width is about 6 centimeters, a length of the film using a different type of camera 120 and differentiated with 4.5,6,7,9,12 even 17 cm, and therefore the camera 120 differentiated 645,66,67,69,621,617 camera.
 
=========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Plate Cameras

========================
【Concept】
 
     The original shot of a plate negatives with optical machinery.
 
=========================
【Structure term】
 
 1. The mirror box is the front end of the lens plate, fitted with lenses. Rear photosensitive sheet cassette...

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Plate Cameras - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

========================
【Concept】
 
     The original shot of a plate negatives with optical machinery.
 
=========================
【Structure term】
 
 1. The mirror box is the front end of the lens plate, fitted with lenses. Rear photosensitive sheet cassette is loaded or suction plate.
 2. In the cassette or the suction panel glass screen of the installation screen frame and light with frosted glass.
 3. The mirror box front and rear end of the bellows is connected with the retractable.
 4. The light source is commonly provided with a halogen lamp or xenon lamp reflector on the bracket. Some of the artwork is accompanied by shooting transmission dedicated light transmittance.
 5. The rear camera shake two auger can make the original frame, respectively, and the front of the mirror box to move back and forth along the lens plate mounted on the chassis (or hanger) on two parallel rails.
 6. The lens focal length distance, originals and lens from the lens and the photosensitive sheet determines the magnification of the original image size compared to the photosensitive sheet.

=========================
【A form of classification according to the terms of the chassis】
 
 Horizontal / hanging / Vertical
 
=========================
【2 classification terminology means by way of a photosensitive sheet】
 
 Cassette type / darkroom style
 
=========================
【3 automated classification terminology press operation】
 
 Manual / semi-automatic / automatic formula
 
 ----------------
     The new plate camera uses microprocessor control, with exposure time is calculated auto exposure, auto focus, auto interchangeable lenses and other features.
     Some of the rear fuselage and the developing unit is connected, after the exposure, the photosensitive sheet into the automatic developing machine, after development, fixing, drying, and sent backsheet.
 
=========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Shoot Cameras 2

=========================
【Term  light】
 
     Best photography is oblique light rays, that is, when the light in the morning and evening (specifically, it can be briefly considered before ten o'clock in the morning, after 3 pm).
     Angled light...

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Shoot Cameras 2 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=========================
【Term  light】
 
     Best photography is oblique light rays, that is, when the light in the morning and evening (specifically, it can be briefly considered before ten o'clock in the morning, after 3 pm).
     Angled light shines on the body appears to have texture, three-dimensional, there are bright sun shine shine dark for photography, is to use light to represent the diversity of themes, dipped in a light, when the photographer can use Shun light source light, side backlight, backlight, etc. to show, if it is noon, the light from the head down, there is less of a selectable.
     Think of the shadow cast by the body - in the evening you can have a long shadow, and at noon, will be nothing.
     In addition, morning and evening when the color temperature is low (compare orange, relatively high color temperature is more blue-violet), low color temperature is relatively pleasing, rich colors (blue sky may still be, but clouds are orange, the sun is golden a).
     Noon when the sun is a pale, often you can see the blue sky in the morning to noon on dead white one.
     The trees, bushes at noon are listless listless, lifeless.
     Therefore, the most intense midday sun, for a small amount of light through the P & S, it would have been the right time, but they do not have good scenery, really contradictory.

Noon shutdown, many landscape photographers habits. P & S's small amount of light, in general, sooner or later the light is good, but often leads to too slow a shutter, blurred picture, use a tripod and lose portability. Dilemma.
 
=========================
【Usage terms】
 
 ----------------
 1. [ISO400 film]
 
 Because most of the stupid machine F3.5 maximum aperture are below, so try to use ISO400 film, allows the camera to use a faster shutter, reducing the chance of mold paste shoot cameras. And reduces the flash use, saving electricity, even if you must use flash, can also increase the effective distance.
 
 ----------------
 2. [when using flash outdoors photo portrait]
 
 Can make people more beautiful face, remove some of the shadows. Take it easy, fool the camera's flash is not so strong, the camera can also be set to allow the forced flash flash in the outdoors.

----------------
 3. [Indoor turn off the flash]
 
 In the dim light indoors, or outside in the dark, the flash off! The camera will attempt to slowest shutter exposure and maximum aperture of course, you have to try to stabilize the camera on a tripod or on a plane. If it is too dark to be reminded to be shot by one hundred twenty-three Freeze. Avoid Do not use automatic mode, otherwise the camera will flash effect, still using the general aperture shutter combination, the result is the subject barely bright enough (sometimes it is difficult to friends) background is a dark black paint thing. Some cameras can even choose a slow shutter speed plus flash, it can handle a Night Portrait.
 
 ----------------
 4. [Hold the camera steady as possible]
 
 More use of terrain, a tree, a low wall on one side. Consider to buy a mini tripod, can be inserted in the jacket pocket that is not cumbersome. If we can hold lightweight tripod is better. Especially when using a long lens aperture zoom fool may be F10 or less, it is a relatively slow shutter! Should pay more attention.

----------------
 5. [Remember fool non-SLR camera]
 
 You is not seen by the camera viewfinder to see the picture. Glazed always be clear, but not necessarily your theme! Most shoot cameras is that you half-press the shutter, the camera began to metering, focus. If they are not in view of the central subject, the exposure may be allowed out of focus again. So pay attention, if not the central theme, the theme for the first focus, metering (half-press the shutter, hold), then recompose. This same principle as with the SLR electronic camera. This ensures accurate exposure focus theme.
 
 ----------------
 6. [more practice to get the camera]
 
 Fingers, sleeves, hair, beard Do not cover the lens, flash or focus, metering holes.
 
 ----------------
 7. [practicing selective metering]
 
 General fool mostly central focus metering, similar FM2, so can be used to lock the exposure by pressing the shutter half way. For a part of the picture metering. But pay attention to their needs and themes similar distance, otherwise the focus will not be permitted. This is an advanced technique, I still groping.

----------------
 8. [avoid Defocus]
 
 If the camera through the window or window screen to select Infinite Focus Distance (infinite lock) or the camera lens close to the window, we will not lose focus.
 
 ----------------
 9. [camera lens closest focusing distance is much]
 
 Check the manual to see if your camera lens closest focusing distance is. If you do not shoot to 40cm lower than what this distance, as will be out of focus. Most of the camera if the object near its closest focusing distance, there will be a warning light to illuminate the viewing by the window, look at it!
 
 ----------------
 10. [Use Glazed]
 
 With the foregoing, due to non-coaxial viewfinder and the lens, so there are differences in their field of vision, the closer the object, this error is greater. Often take Edges cut off, there is a small viewing window lattice, typically the close composition useful. But it will probably only have errors.

----------------
 11. [read the instructions]
 
 The new camera is to be familiar with the instructions, the next regular review. Do not want to shoot a friend getting married tomorrow until today to buy the camera, it may even batteries, do not know how to load the film.
 
 ----------------
 12. [using the new film]
 
 Please use the new film! Do not laugh, I was only a few days ago rinse wash shop told me to send the film has a history, not good for three years, I do not know to blame the camera, technology, stores, or negatives? A few days ago my mom showed me a roll of film found in her dresser, seems to have a few years! I was not going to take it to travel it! Also finished as soon as possible, please send a roll quickly wash, do not valuable negatives. Do not six months after the discovery of the film has been sleeping for a long time in the camera.
 
 ----------------
 13. [backup battery]
 
 Like him to bring a spare battery! I once took a fool to go to Malaysia to play happily camera to take pictures only wonder how the camera has a flash that can not be beat. The situation was still unclear, but fortunately, with the group having a beautiful sister camera, otherwise really too unpleasant. Yeah, that is, it sparked my interest in learning photography there, maybe everyone who wants to learn photography should have this experience!

----------------
 14. [prevent heat]
 
 Please do not put the camera or film on the windows of a car trunk or back seat of smoldering, will play the role of some chemical Oh.
 
 ----------------
 15. [try various shooting positions]
 
 Finally, do not use your immutable shoot cameras, according to some boring photos. Then the user is really a fool. Try horizontal position, Penhold, condescending, squat down, get down! With flash, long exposure, grimaces, put pose, photographed, or even put your camera strapped on several large balloons, press the self-timer, and then let him off slowly. Then slingshot shot down, kidding, you should know what I mean.

=========================
【Ten tips for the term】
 
-------------------
 1, [read the manual]
 
     Most people buy a shoot camera, really thought it was silly, brochures without looking;
     Or just look at the back, to go and play found in addition to press the shutter, the other did not know.
     Quickly find out your instructions now! Special Note:
 (1) special shooting modes - portrait, landscape, night scene setting;
 (2) Flash Guide Number Index or effective flash distance;
 (3) The red-eye reduction setting;
 (4) The camera's focus - if you press the shutter halfway to focus on the center, hold the shutter and then recompose photographs?
 (5) how to set the date print, eliminated.
 
-------------------
 2, [good election negatives]
 
     More and more people buy zoom shoot cameras, the Pentax Espio 140 commonly cite it, although 38-140mm zoom magnification, but its aperture is only f / 4.8-f / 12, the need to flash the occasion, if you use 100 degrees negatives, only 1.1-1.8 meters effective distance (Wang remote), use 400 degrees as negatives, the effective distance increased to 1.1-3.6 meters.

So the conclusion is that the zoom fool shooting in sunny selection of 100 degrees negatives, cloudy or indoor camera selection of 400 degrees negatives. (200 degrees negatives? Just over 100 degrees sensitized particle level but not much more than 400 degrees fine, it is not recommended) during the tour should carry enough negative 100 degrees and 400 degrees.
     Also like to remind you that, when the background is dark night scene, playing flash only the subject clear, absolutely dark background, it is not up to shoot photos of the negatives do not waste. (Example: National Day fireworks shot to get automatic fool people and pyrotechnics) Unless, stand tripod use night mode with the flashing lights long exposure to people and background are properly exposed.
 
-------------------
 3, [composition when taking pictures]
 
     Although not a big photographer, but as long as a little a little attention to some details, a good photo is not difficult to shoot.
 (1) portraits, if the face is side, I would like him to leave some space for him in the direction (eg, look to the right of the screen, move the person placed in the left side of the screen);
 (2) a person's photo shoot, if pure performance portraits, try straight pieces patterning;
 (3) Do not shoot portraits Siban Ban stood center of the screen;
 (4) Travel & Living photo shoot, not even one two three took first in the viewfinder and see if others mess around? Can wait ten seconds waiting for something refreshing the screen, or move your feet, with another camera angle;
 (5) beat sea or horizontal screen, try to keep a level surface;
 (6) an important subject or background, do not be cut at the edge of the half. (Which is not difficult to do it.)
 
-------------------
 4, [booming multi-shot]
 
     Look at your life according to some eyes just closed, and some head did not turn around ...... good scenery never fear wasting film, shoot a few more! In particular landscapes, try a different composition, a wide-angle telescope to see all clap, straight cross the try. The photos show a broad cross and stability, straight photographs are more momentum and depth.
 
-------------------
 5, [AF]
 
     Some people are not focusing on the center of the photo to the back, right? When not installed a lot of negatives about the practice, half-press the shutter to focus on the center (you can hear the sound of the lens rotation), do not let go, recompose (proper placement of people with the background scenery) and then press the shutter.

-------------------
 6, [turn off the flash shot Scenery]
 
     As mentioned above, the zoom-shoot camera aperture small, often in the automatic mode will lead to flash.
     Learn how to turn off the flash (forced not flash), then the camera will slow shutter exposure, so you have to stabilize the body, the first deep breath and then breath easily slow shutter to avoid vibration.
 
-------------------
 7. [buy support small tripod]
 
     Market small tripod (or desktop tripod) is the self-yourself, you can slow shutter shooting night (plus the self-timer is activated, without making the picture shake), but will not increase your burden (weighing only a two hundred grams).
 
-------------------
 8, [sometimes erasing Date imprint]
 
     Living according to the date it is convenient, but pure landscape photos with the date enlarge it look good. Then determine the time you will eliminate the date set!

-------------------
 9, [select print shop]
 
     The vast majority of people are using the camera to shoot a fool negative (usually negative), the print shop to wash out the photo quality is definitely bigger impact on than you think. Choose a good impression of your print shop, try not to do at home to wash. If you need immediate printing in the field, my experience is more consistent level of Kodak prints chains.
 
-------------------
 10, [see more learning]
 
     Finally a good photo shoot tips and most important, is to look at the work of others, participate in discussions, and more take their own pictures to understand people comment.
 
=========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】
生活LOFT

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Camera 2

========================
【Term structural elements】
 
     Generally, the main components of a camera comprising: an imaging element, a darkroom, the imaging medium, the imaging control structure.
 1. The imaging element may be imaged
     By an...

Hardware Chapter Camera Node--Camera  2 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

========================
【Term structural elements】
 
     Generally, the main components of a camera comprising: an imaging element, a darkroom, the imaging medium, the imaging control structure.
 1. The imaging element may be imaged
     By an optical lens group is usually made of glass, called a lens. Holes, in particular an electromagnetic coil device plays a "lens" effect.
 2. The imaging medium is responsible for capturing and recording images
     Including film, CCD, CMOS and the like.
 3. darkroom between the lens and the imaging medium to provide a connection and protect the imaging medium disturbed.
 The control structure can change the way imaging or recording images to image the final imaging results.
     Including aperture, shutter speed, focus control, etc.

========================
【Classification by purpose  1 The term】
 
     Landscape photography camera, printing plate camera, literature microfilm camera, micro camera, underwater camera, aerial camera, high-speed camera;
     Professional cameras and consumer cameras (shoot camera), step imaging camera, a stereo camera, etc.
 
========================
【Category term 2 Press film size】
 
     The camera 110 (screen 13 × 17 mm) and a camera 126 (screen 28 × 28 mm) and a camera 135 (screen 24 × 18,24 × 36 mm)
     127 camera (picture 45x45 mm), 120 cameras (including 220 cameras, picture 60 × 45,60 × 60,60 × 90 mm) disc camera (picture 8.2x10.6 mm);
 
     The web camera, sharp camera, APS cameras, miniature cameras.


========================
【Category term 3 Press framing】
 
     Perspective framing camera, dual-lens reflex camera, single-lens reflex camera.
 
========================
【Classified according to the imaging medium term 4】
 
 Film cameras, digital cameras, Polaroid camera
 
 ------------------
 1. [film camera]
 
     Mainly refers to the application of the film through the imaging lens and the image recording apparatus.
 
 ------------------
 2. [digital cameras]
 
     Application of semiconductor optoelectronic coupled devices and digital storage method for recording images of photographic equipment, easy to use, easy to transfer photos, save and convenient.
 
 ------------------
 3. [Polaroid camera], also known as an imaging camera
 
     The photographic image directly in special like paper, you can see the photos in a minute, suitable souvenir photos and so on.

========================
【Classified according to shape and structure of the term 5】
 
     Head-framing camera (VIEWFINDER), single-lens reflex camera (SLR), folding camera, dual-lens reflex camera,
     Head rangefinder camera (RANGFINDER), transit, plane and so on.
 
========================
【Classification terminology 6 Press the shutter】
 
     Lens shutter camera (shutter camera, also known as the center), a focal plane shutter camera, a programmed shutter cameras.

========================
【7 Press Category term functional and technical characteristics】
 
     Auto-focus camera, electronic metering manual exposure cameras, cameras and other electronic automatic exposure metering
     There are also shutter-priority, aperture-priority, program-controlled, double-priority, electric roll film (automatic film, rewind) camera,
     Autofocus (AF) camera, date back camera built-in flash cameras.

========================
【Classification terminology 8 Press Lens】
 
     Zoom or bifocal camera.

 -----------------
     In fact a modern cameras tend to have many characteristics, it should be in a comprehensive way to define.
 
========================
【Maintenance term】
 
 ----------------
 1. [Review]
 
 A camera as long as properly maintained, it must be able to live longer. Therefore, we do not recommend the camera in a long time, should be maintained.
     If at the beach or the mountains, you can use a blower to remove dust on the camera, and wipe clean with a soft cloth, Note: Do not rub the lens directly.
     Do not use lubricants.
     Avoid severe vibration.
     Do not place the camera directly on the moving car and train.
     When cleaning the lens applications blowing, brush to remove dust, clean the lens with a special suede wipe the lens.
     When the lens mold, should the camera to a repair center.
     In addition, the camera should be placed in ventilated environment, when the weather is wet, do not forget to put a bag of desiccant in the next camera.
     Of course, the high temperature with dusty place, not suitable for retractable camera. Finally, to remind you, is better than all checked regularly.

----------------
 2. [Clean]
 
 Camera lens use special wipes, cloth, or a camel hair brush to avoid scratching.
     To remove dust on the lens, it is best to use a brush to blow, not paper or cloth;
     When the mouth hair, be careful to avoid saliva stained lenses. To wet wipe lenses with a qualified cleaner, do not use strong solvents such as alcohol.
     The best protection glass on the lens or filter installation, the lens can be lengthened life on the lens.
     If the camera to the beach, be sure to go home with a soft cloth dampened with clean water, wipe the camera all the time, because the corrosive salt water absorption and are very strong.
 
 ----------------
 3. [mildew]
 
 When the lens is very slight musty, as soon as possible to the qualified photographic equipment line cleaning.
     But if you can clearly see the way the lens mold corrosion, it means it has beyond resurrection.
     The camera lens is a very delicate component, a slight defect can not be the focal length of the well, so be careful to prevent situations mildew.
 (1) The lens part - by wiping glasses potions to repeat the cleaning buckskin and clear lens. But Ching was out first while not happy, because it has been longer than the mold portions can easily grow again later.
     If there is a long lens, you can not clean yourself, sent to wash spend equal then buy again. In short, to pay special attention to save in a dry place.

(2) The other part - by wiping glasses potions to repeat the cleaning buckskin and clear lens. Anyway, it has been longer than the mold part, is very Yung Italian traditional illnesses recurrence. So as you are found to have affected the shooting, your camera probably soon come to an end.
 (3) to send to wash the camera - might disrupt or destroy the original setting of the best shots of the original resolution. When the camera is shipped will be adjusted by the computer, especially the lens assembly, so when you send the wash quality may be affected. This is why some people prefer to buy a new camera again.
 
 ----------------
 4. [Road]
 
 Whether you have not often use the camera, it is recommended once every six months to better maintenance of the collection action. Proceed as follows:
 (1) Wash your hands. Remove the camera cover, battery, negatives.
 (2) with a clean soft brush or air nozzle is generally clear all the dust inside and outside, remember to clean the lens in order to avoid some of the best Do not scratch. Soft brush or shot glasses with clear lenses to use with a deerskin, medicine can only be used in dirty lens, but not directly onto the lens, to drop in deerskin or swab to wipe the mirror on paper only. (Do not use glossy paper)
 (3) In addition to the lens, the other part of the stability of diluted cleaning available plus buckskin to graze, to remove dirt and fingerprints.

 (4) the kind of preparation have sealed transparent plastic bags (with pull-kind, completely isolated from the air flow can be used for liquids), into the camera, then put a desiccant (pastry box often, but note that the dehumidifier agents or oxygen scavengers, do not use the wrong!), and then placed in a white paper (written on the maintenance date), squeezed the bag so that the bag can be sealed to reduce air.
 
 ----------------
 5. [Collection]
 
 When the camera after a good maintenance, but also proper collection.
 (1) Electronic Cabinets best. As long as the cleaning is good, the camera does not significantly above the water, do not put plastic bags you can directly go.
 (2) The camera sets and cameras to separate collection. If the camera is also set in the yard to set it up, and over time you will find that the place actually grow mold airtight spent. Flower Flower mold until mold over the world, it is in trouble.
 (3) remember "not cool damp" location. This way your camera with a decade or two should be no problem.

----------------
 6. [to clean the lens]
 
 Most digital cameras can not be installed to protect the filter, or installation is very inconvenient.
     Usually bare, exposed lens when shooting very easy to accidentally get on the point of dust, according to the impression of a handprint or saliva or something.
     Although the surface of the lens refers to the British dirt, stains do not have much impact for imaging.
     If there was no strong direct sunlight to cause fog on the lens flare on it.
     But how can you love the camera tolerate beloved camera lens into a large painted face? Clean and not how to do?
     Now generally have multi-coated lenses, accidentally scratch the coating, lenses scratch. Cause irreparable damage to the lens.
     Experience is always more friction shot worse, rather than the more friction as possible, do not expect the lens can be restored to the factory just a new look. It is recommended as a last resort do not wipe the lens.
     Some tools come ready to open before wiping. Conventional weapons water lens, the lens paper (or wet lens paper), lens cloth (or suede), blow up balloons, cotton.
     First with a blower to remove dust, the individual can not blow away with the lens paper carefully picked off, be careful, do not force. Take a little cotton wool, dip the lens water, wet a little better, still on the lens carefully stick to dust, dirt. This process is not hard, otherwise easy to damage the lens. Ensure that no visible dust particles surface, you can wipe a large area.

First prepare a small cotton ball (with wet lens paper is also available) number, press passes into a pie, a third of the size in the mirror is appropriate. Then prepare a large number of cotton balls, also pressed over into a pie, two-thirds to three-quarters the size appropriate to the mirror, try not to let the cotton fibers exposed to the work surface. James shot of water with a small cotton ball, do a little better, wipe from the center of a spiral mirror, do not turn back.
     Then, take advantage of the water when the lens is dry, with a large cotton ball graze in the same way mirror. If you are not satisfied once, you can come once, but used a cotton ball, do not reuse. Do be careful not to let water in direct contact with the lens surface of the lens, be sure to use lens paper, otherwise it may damage the coating of water along the edge of the lens or the camera lens to penetrate inside the lens, causing the lens fogging, even unglued.
     If no lens water how to do? It does not matter, you can use toward the lens surface Kazakh gas instead. But have to pay attention: Do not faint when breathed his mouth should open mouth, gently Kazakh gas, so as not to eject saliva. We just shot the surface layer of mist on the line. If the lens is composed of a plastic lens, it is best not to use the lens of water, do not use alcohol plus ether mixture to clean the lens. Be sure to rub or use Kazakh gas approach. But in any case carefully wipe, for there is always a mirror coating damage, so as a last resort and never want to wipe the lens.

----------------
 7. [proof]
 
     When the camera is not in use, it should be kept in "Cabinets" or "proof box" (the electrons better).
     Should not be placed in your closet or bookcase, because the clothes and books are very hygroscopic things.
     If you have a camera holster child, and cameras should be kept separate, because leather is also very strong hygroscopic.
     If you have not used the camera for a long time, remember to take out the battery.
     Extremely high temperatures, extreme cold or humid environment is not conducive to the preservation of the camera.

 ========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Tips Node--Studio 2

==============================
【Techniques The term five black and white chromatic type】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and Style]
 
1. studio black and white chromatic properties within the type of black and white photos with location type of photo chromatic roughly the same, but...

Software Chapter Tips Node--Studio 2 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

==============================
【Techniques The term five black and white chromatic type】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and Style]
 
1. studio black and white chromatic properties within the type of black and white photos with location type of photo chromatic roughly the same, but the limited internal space and studio scene size, it is still in the composition of three formulas patterning method compositional formula majority, that is, in close-up, half and seven avatar performance-based.
2. Changes in the scene is extremely limited and composition, and generally only way to change the shape of the photograph obtained by a sense of change.
3. indoor studio photos of this type, because of lighting equipment, lighting equipment better than outdoors, so the portrait of the face of lighting to achieve a certain standard of beauty close-up.
 
-------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     This type of photo retro styling clothing photo, is pretty well evoke nostalgic thoughts of work.
     General preference for retro photo essay who especially love this type of photo.
     And this type of black and white photographs, via post-processing can become pastel tone photographs; or via a color print of the fight with overprint program into a unique photo single hue.
     Its change and plasticity is quite large, not only the acceptance of a good photo type, the type is also an excellent selection of films photography company.

-------------
[Techniques Help]
 
1. Shooting in black and white chromatic focus techniques shed class black and white photos with location chromatic Photo substantially the same as those.
2. Because perfect indoor lighting equipment, when shooting portraits formula composition class photos, you can play more perfect than the location of the light ratio. To use other mapping method or manner, it would take another creative play, otherwise it is difficult to break through the shed style.
 
==============================
【6 Cross Process Techniques term type】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and Style]
 
1. shed positive and negative impulse type photo location of positive negative impulse type photo feature roughly the same, but there are significant differences in the composition of the way that the composition of this type photo studio, mostly in close-up, mostly around the bust .
    This is because the studio scene is extremely limited, plus the composition range more, it is also more than a bad light control, exposure prone to failure. It is generally more difficult to shoot a portrait photographer in the studio works with King Art composition, especially in the shed positive negative impulse type photos, and more rare to see such a patterned photo.

2. Cross Process types of photos, although the composition formula patterning method is mostly used to shoot portraits, but the type of photo portraits formula composition and general film shoot compared, there are significant differences, and that is positive negative punch type of photo color, as is the use of positive abnormal development of hair color effect, so its bright colors abnormal performance, color also tend to warm yellow tone.
 
-------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     Although this type of photo patterning method is still a close-up formula, half and seven spare composition majority, but the photos do not have a unique sense of color, added to the original customer will have preference for close-up photos of factors, so those who love this type of photo is still on the market occupy a large proportion.
     Such is the wedding photo album photography often seen works.
     And more generally to a greater exposure latitude, a good shot and the contrast is not great positives to shoot 200 degrees. But in the art photo album, because the price charged is not high, because of cost, and to consider other technologies, have less of this type of photo.

-------------
[Techniques Help]
 
1. Shed positive negative type photo with the location of the red Cross Process type photo shoot roughly the same techniques.
2. Because the studio photography has better lighting equipment, so if the portrait photographer formula composition law within the body composition, you can take advantage of the complex lamp lighting techniques, shoot than the location of these photos on the lighting more perfect photo.
      However, if the use of such a composition outside creative composition, or other big scenes shot shape, due to the limited lighting range, compared with the location of the shooting is not easy work, which is more difficult to shoot a portrait photography studio with King Art composition of the picture reason.
 
==============================
【7 coarse texture type techniques terminology】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and Style]
 
1. This type of indoor studio photos with location of this type of photo, which is substantially the same characteristics and style.
Image rich coarse particles 2. This type of photo frame on texture, delicate sense different from other photographs, contrast and tone a little flat, but with coarse particles to show photos of artistic and elegant feeling.

-------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     This type of photo in wedding photography and art as belonging to minor types.
     Only a few discerning people who either studied photography in order to appreciate this type of photo, understand the unique coarse particles on the screen, is deliberately creating art technology, rather than the result caused by improper technique. The average customer of such rough phenomenon unacceptable.
 
-------------
[Techniques Help]
 
Key techniques for this type of photo shoot with the location of the focus of this type of photo shoot the same techniques.
 
==============================
【8 Hang lamp lighting techniques term type】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and Style]
 
1. This type of photo features and style, similar to the location of the constant light fill light type photographs, are in constant artificial light as the main light or fill light source, so the photo frame are constant light color temperature warm yellow tone with the general picture of the normal color temperature and tint different.
2. The location is just a constant light concentrating mostly used when the fill light, and shed light constant (mostly quartz plus shadowless lamp cover) is used when the main light astigmatism style, but mostly by complex forms of lighting the lamp techniques, it is known as the greenhouse constant lamp lighting type photos.
3. This type of photo style is soft and delicate warm yellow tone, the atmosphere is warm and soft, low contrast.

This is because of the lower value of the brightness of light constant light, and need to rely on a slow exposure to achieve the purpose of shooting photographic, using slow exposure of the photosensitive dark part of the more detailed, so that the screen to form a light image quality and soft style. Unlike ordinary instant flash exposure photographs formed a hard tone sense.
 
-------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     This type of photo belong to the more romantic, candlelit restaurant has a sense of atmosphere exposure photograph, so won the President's favor, the market response is good photography photo type.
 
-------------
[Techniques Help]
     This type of photo shooting techniques, and principles of constant light fill light type location photo shoot by the use of the same techniques, namely the use of constant light yellowish color temperature of 3200K with two features slow exposure principle, to get this type of style photo .
     Only indoor studio photo shoot of this type need to note the following three points:

1. Lighting Equipment
 
     In order to make the lights can be perfect, so when this type of photo shoot in the studio, it is best to have a combination of complex equipment master lamp lights, auxiliary lights and background lights and other effects of light, color temperature 3200K lamp can have the best of quartz lamp to so professional portrait studio lighting techniques indoor play to be perfect.
     Moreover, to improve light quality, you can use shadowless hood or umbrella and other equipment, so blunt direct light changed to soft scattered light, resulting in soft portraits.
 
2. Background Equipment
 
     Because this type of photo attention to create an atmosphere, so the background can be arranged in the best live action, in order to avoid the use of three-dimensional realism with rigid flat screen background fabric leaving lost, the atmosphere effect is greatly reduced.
 
3. Patterning techniques
 
     Best not to use the formula patterning method portrait within seven avatar close-up, otherwise it will face someone like performance, and the performance of the real story can not have a presence, and thus meaningless real shot.
     If the composition close-up outside the site design into real situation, it helps the performance of the theme and convincing portrait of presence, this is the best way to increase the real atmosphere.

==============================
【Techniques terminology nine other filter types】

     This type photos with location features the same type of photos the same style.
     Because it is generated by the function of the filter itself out of special effects, so no matter the time or location photography for use in the studio, will produce the same effects.
 
==============================
【Tips term】
 
1. The wind hit soft, comfortable feel, the tone was subdued color
     Find the best net-colored walls, floor or table in the background and do not be too strongly objects tone.
     May wish to use a series of close shades, then add part of the embellishment of color, such as brown background with beige subject.
2. Just do style uniform, even though there will be some more items clutter feeling. In earth tone colors, are the easiest to get success.
3. To learn to use the "subtraction." The focus this time is to strike a balance with the, because the screen is too simple and will make people feel deserted.
 
==============================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Tips Node--Studio 1

=============================
【Introduction】
 
     Due to the limited area of ??the studio interior, lighting devices are also similar, with scenery and props it is not always possible to replace the (expensive investment for decorating), so the change in the way of...

Software Chapter Tips Node--Studio 1 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=============================
【Introduction】
 
     Due to the limited area of ??the studio interior, lighting devices are also similar, with scenery and props it is not always possible to replace the (expensive investment for decorating), so the change in the way of shooting on location photography rigid than many.
     In addition, the indoor studio lighting techniques has its fixed form, often several basic lighting the traditional method, or a change in style of play is very limited, so shooting in the studio out of the picture style and scene content, simply can not like location photography is so spectacular and moving, or changing.
     Especially with a view location photography art portrait photo, for studio photography space is extremely limited, it is extremely difficult to achieve!
 
==============================
【Type  term】
 
     Within seven to spare formula composition class close-up photos of the most
     Style changes, many changes need to rely on either portrait style or change the background elegant fancy, to make the work presented higher order than the change of tone or low-tone photos, or repeated exposure, such as photos.

==============================
【Lighting terminology】
 
     The most important is the lighting techniques.
     Once you have a good basic lighting technology, they can use their work environment is easy and fast to shoot beautiful wedding photography and art photos.
     One of the biggest advantages of indoor studio is sufficient light, simplicity and perfection, using a combination of lighting the lamp has a complex method of re-lamp lighting can be more perfect than the location photography shoot close-up photos.
 
==============================
【1 The term high-order type tone technique】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
1 high-order tone type photograph is a considerable component of the indoor studio shoot photos in type.
     This type of photograph only in the indoor studio, using a white background with the device series can easily be taken out.
     This type of photograph gives a fresh and bright feeling, very agreeable to those lively and cheerful young customers like it.

2 types of so-called higher-order tone photographs, picture frame that is light on the light ratio is very low, its white and bright parts of far more than the shadow of the black part;
     Or color occupies an area of many bright colors, deep shade of color only a tiny part of the picture. So the whole picture people feel very fresh and elegant, not too gloomy performance of light and shadow, which is the basic characteristic of the type of higher-order tone photographs.
   General tone photos can be roughly according to their level of light than daylight, or a concentrated area of ??dark and light areas on the screen on the proportion of the amount of the whole picture, the area is divided into higher-order tone, mid-tone and low-tone . The general picture portrait photography, the majority belonging to moderate light and dark colors in order tone performance.
3 indoor studio shooting techniques, the need to learn is to shoot high-order special colors and low-level tones type photographs, this is what every learning professional wedding photographer with artistic license must be proficient in technology. Because of its use in portrait photography is extremely broad, and style position clear, does not occupy a small proportion in photography.
 
-------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
   This type of photo style is fresh and bright, and only show a clear description of the subject matter, but few low performance of light and shadow, so the favorite of young people, one photo is wedding photography and art photo studio photography will be shot.

For some older ones, too dark skin or body obese and who does not love a lively performance, you should reduce the number of shots, so as to avoid discrepancies or weaknesses of character was exposed in the photo on leaving the customer to generate complaints.
 
-------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. Background selection
 
     This type of photo shoot easiest techniques is to use indoor studio white or light-colored background cloth, the theme of the portrait placed directly before this type of background, you can get the basic tone of this type of photo. In addition, the choice of clothing should also try to avoid too thick dark colors, in order to avoid the loss of tone.
 
2. Lighting control
 
     This type of photo to be taken to maximize the use of plain style lighting method or low light than the lighting method, the background should also try to use plain play. Otherwise, if the ratio is too large lighting light lighting or using other techniques such as high contrast, because of the shadow of dark parts of the show, making the higher-order tone of the whole picture lost, but also because under strong off white background, shadow portrait of the face becomes more prominent, so the picture is very ugly.
3. Poor skin texture severe obesity, darker skin, such as those who have obvious defects, should be minimized to shoot this type of photo, so clear and bright lighting in the environment, the disadvantage is more exposed, not only did no beauty at all, but self-defeating.

4. The type of higher-order tone when shooting photos, do not force the mouth with a soft-focus or mist filter, otherwise the background of white light will penetrate into the face, hair and other black areas; formation of very ugly image.
 
==============================
【The term low-level type techniques 2 tone】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
     Low-level tones type photographs, that is in the photo of the screen, lighting the light is relatively high, the majority of sites are all dark or dark tones, while only a small part of the site or bright colors.
     Picture gives an elegant, safe and calm feeling, which is a characteristic of low-level tones type photographs.
     It is the type of photo shoot with the higher-order tone opposite type, is extremely typical indoor studio photos and important type.
     This type is not easy to take photos outdoors, because outdoors difficult lighting environment is bright and deep black background scenes, professional photographers usually shoot indoors studio operations.

-------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     Because this type of photo rich calm and elegant atmosphere, and therefore very suitable for the bride and wedding photography photos temperament type, but also by one of the typical picture market favorite.
     Especially the character mature and restrained, or have a certain color art skills who will love this type of photo style.
     But for younger and lively boys and girls in terms of this type of photo style is too boring.
     Professional photographers shoot pictures of this type should be more understanding of customer psychology, in order to avoid duplication of efforts.
 
-------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. Ordinary level
 
     This type of photo shoot quite simple way, namely the choice to shoot a black background, you can get this tone photos.
     As for the lighting techniques, it is in any way apply polish, just feel the difference will be better or worse a little nothing.

2. Higher level
 
     If you want to further make a good photo of this type, you need to play more than the level of light in the background, as the theme of light, you should use thin-style lighting method or Rembrandt-style lighting method, so as to make the subject and background perfect link up.
     Clothing, but also a low tone and dazzling texture better. If it is a white dress, you should take pictures while adding black skirt part gradient shading plate so that the white gauze sense to have a gradient black out gradually, so that it can link up with a coherent overall context, to people , King consistent perfection.
 
==============================
【3 multiple exposure techniques term type】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
1 multiple exposure picture is very rich type of special effects photo type. When taking pictures, the use of two or more secondary exposure, so that the original images of individual independence, and finally taken on the same film, although this is the same photo, there are a variety of imaging techniques magical combination that multiple exposure type photo shoot techniques.
Such techniques can shoot 2 different time and in the same scene superimposed on a photograph, and produce amazing results. Its combination of imaging methods, computer image synthesis methods and post-processing is quite similar to the effect that it is the type of work but more the lack of photographic original connotation.

-------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
In each set of wedding photography and art photo album, there are twelve pictures of this type is quite fresh, especially the popular novel and creative customers love this novelty.
     But such pictures should not be too much, otherwise it will flow to the overly fancy and flashy style, is appropriate there, but not much embellishment of photos.
 
-------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. This type of photo shoot, the most important is the concept of pre-designed software, in other words, is the ability of art to be designed according to schedule dependent. That last image is formed on the photo, to be what kind of images, arranged in what position, which should be in there before shooting an idea and sketch.
     So when shooting, the camera can be perfectly up image composition and arrangement position.
2. Re-use multiple exposure techniques into individual images shot on the same film, multiple exposures to achieve the purpose.
     Of course, all need a black background for each exposure or environmental down, so as to prevent over exposure of the original image, is superimposed on the other unnecessary image.

3. During the shoot, we must pay attention to the composition theme locations. Photographer to accurately calculate the position of each subject in the viewfinder, otherwise misplaced position, it will cause a wrong image stack, thus meaningless perfect composition.
4. The camera multiple exposure operation of law, generally in accordance with the basic operation of the camera as long as repeated exposure can be achieved.
5. To achieve the most perfect picture level, the lighting techniques on each image should have a consistent lighting logic, in order to avoid confusion successive exposure of the theme of light and shadow, people have a sense of stunned ridiculous.
6. Other color schemes and space utilization and patchwork style, such as design, art should reach a certain level, otherwise it will have to form a creative style works pointless low.

==============================
【Patterning techniques type term four formula】
 
-------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
Formula 1 studio photo composition type composition and location of formula type photos, roughly the same basic characteristics. Just shed formula composition may be ideal because of the type of photo re-lamp lighting method to shoot, so the theme of the portrait's face lighting tend to be more beautiful and perfect than the location of the formula composition class photo.
2 However, the change in the background, the type of picture composition formula shed more inferior, but also more rigid.
3 for general mining that perfect facial beauty is more important than the background, so this type of photograph popular.
 
-------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
     This is the most popular of all professional portrait photography photo type. In the travel photographer in professional photography company, 90% of people choose this type of photograph, otherwise it will not be recognized photographers take pictures.
     This type of indoor studio photos, wedding photography has been synonymous with the art of the photo.
     In general photography company in the customer's ideas and some believe that those who shot these photos, they count has shot wedding photos and art, as art or not, it is not the point.

-------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. Emphasis on location shooting techniques and composition formulas roughly the same type of shooting techniques.
2. Such photos more flexible choice of lighting techniques can use all kinds of lighting method. And most importantly, you can play face bright light quality and aesthetics, easier to shoot close-up photos of outstanding beauty.
3. In composition, with seven half-length portrait avatar and the most popular formula mapping method, especially for professional photographers to be particularly familiar with this composition.
 
==============================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Tips Node--Location 1

=================================
【General Terms】
 
     When shooting, the general atmosphere of the lens before shooting, as well as light, sky, clouds, etc., there are strict requirements difficult to borrow shooting lens and vision, panoramic shots.
   ...

Software Chapter Tips Node--Location 1 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

=================================
【General Terms】
 
     When shooting, the general atmosphere of the lens before shooting, as well as light, sky, clouds, etc., there are strict requirements difficult to borrow shooting lens and vision, panoramic shots.
     Location shooting often have to act decisively and in a timely manner to meet the needs of a variety of shooting pictures.
 
================================
【Modeling terminology】
 
     Location shooting more difficult, the general shooting three costumes per day (three times more than it is to catch up, shoot out on the impact of the effect).
 
================================
【Patterning techniques type term a formula】
 
---------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
1 Simply put, any formula mapping method portrait photos taken, can be called a formula composition type photos.
     That picture on the photo to portrait-oriented, and in composition to a close-up portrait, half-length, seven themed avatar or body taken out of the picture, can be called a formula composition type photos.
     This is a wedding photo photography and art minor but welcomed by the market picture type.

2 in the photo, the background and the scene outside the theme handle can be used directly to gloss over the short depth of field can be.
     In portrait photography, these photos is the easiest to learn formulas portrait photography.
     Just use a long focal length lens (120 cameras around 250mm lens, or about 135 135mm camera lens), you can easily shoot this type of photo.
     Directly apply the formula patterning method when taking pictures, not too much attention to other photography techniques and lighting.
     The only note that should be added: the characters constantly changing shape, so as not to flow without changes in the composition of mediocrity.
 
3 Because of this effect by means of the shooting method is only a short depth of field long focal length lens functions and formulas mapping method, and therefore the value of photography is technically more usual, has always been unable to get a high evaluation of photography art. But generally only pay attention to the close-up portrait of the consumer, which is the most ideal, is the most popular type of photograph, so professional portrait photographer can not ignore it, you should be familiar with this type of photo shooting techniques to adaptation photographic needs.

---------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
This is very popular with everyone on the photography market favorite photo type, is wedding photography and art photos, photos with commercial representative.
     After all, every photographer travel photography company, would like to see that they have been made ??into a star-like close-up photographs, rather than the usual home life photo shoot. Therefore, in each photographic album, most consumers will choose this type of photo, market acceptance of Habitat all types of photos of the crown.
 
---------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. With long focal length lens as the main shooting lens (about 120 cameras around 250mm lens, or about 135 135mm camera lens), whichever is shorter depth of field functions.
2. Portrait formula composition according to the principles of law, direct box to take close-up, half-length, seven places at once, or the composition of the body, which is about to be shot by a distance of about 5-8 steps, you can easily photograph.
3. When exposure is required depending on the characteristics of portrait photography, to open 1 to 2 f-stop compensation in order to make the face more beautiful texture. People's faces light, soft and beautiful, is the focus of the photo shoot this type.
4. In order to produce bright eyes, the best position in front of a portrait reflector or white boards to make the eyes reflected the sharp points of light.
5. When printing, plus print Soft Focus handled in accordance with the best post-processing techniques, after comprehensive soften skin, can achieve the effect of the whole picture pretty mellow.
6. People should be more transformation theme styling or props, otherwise the number of sheets for a long time to take pictures, the visual emphasis will be no change, composition, depth of field and shooting techniques similar shortcomings will be exposed.
 
================================
【Techniques term 2 with King Art Type】
 
---------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
1 Simply put, all with a view to mapping method of art taken out of the picture, can be called with King Art type photos.
     Most of the pictures show both portrait and landscape content.
In other words, when taking pictures in portrait-oriented incomplete, but more focused on the performance of double portraits and scenes of both, and from the perspective of art to interpret pictures.
2 It does not necessarily composition, lighting and other formulas of techniques owes itself to the art of photography photographer literacy attainments conferred photo vitality. So, master portrait and landscape dual artistic expression, is the largest of this type of photo features and value.
     Due to the need for this type of photograph oversized actual scene, it is the only photo studio photography difficult type of performance only when location photography easy to complete.
Such photo shoot, if not a breakthrough in the composition, lighting and other photographic technology, it will be made ??into a general tourist photos or living pictures.
3 artistic success often only a fine line between whether or not, there are some who can appreciate photography capabilities to this key. However, if the patterning ability is very prominent, with lighting and other photographic techniques handled properly, it is able to reach the realm of high art of photography.
     So photographer shooting skill plays a decisive role in the shooting.
 
---------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
People have a certain appreciation of art are like beautiful mood these photos, but the average consumer is not easy to appreciate these photos.

Because most of these photo portrait proportion accounted for less than half of the screen, there is no general feeling of close-up photos of popular stars, most do not want to spend the money without their own photos on the big picture. Unless hit deep to understand photography grade who otherwise minimize this type of artistic photographs shot, so as to avoid from the average consumer's appreciation and serious frustration, thereby affecting the correct target pursuit of artistic expression.
 
---------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. Good design theme portrait styling, choose the overall performance of a scene, do pre-designed themes and scenes operations.
2. Ability peacetime should be more aesthetic composition, and to develop the theme of the overall composition planned between portrait and the scene at the time of the shooting, can not fall into the cliche portrait composition formula, and made ??into a kind of close-up photos.
3. Parse and use the site lighting situations, using the method of operation of subtraction theme into the portrait to be taken, in the scene environment, outstanding performance lighting control, and not fall into the general commemorative photo of plain common problem.
4. Control depth of field length, manufacture and moving performance with a high level of depth of field, can not fall into the general life as a promiscuous mode.
5. Select the most appropriate time to press the camera shutter, grasp a sense of art students living portrait of the dynamic and scene of the shooting perfect portraits with a view works of art.

================================
【Techniques term 3 with King Art Type】
 
---------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
Black and white photos of chromatic type, based on black and white film to shoot in a single punch, after developing the film came out, in addition to a general wash of pure black and white photographs, it'll also work with print chromatic color prints in color paper overlay that only a single tone colored photos.
     This process can be handled by the general color prints.
     And these photos single tone, but also in the same color when printing through color job, but changed to any other single color photograph, such as one red, one orange, one yellow, or any single single blue hue. This type is commonly known as the black and white photo chromatic type photos.
     Monochrome photographs give people a sense of kind of a more unique feel, is wedding photography and art photos indispensable photo type.
---------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
Learn photography people know, black and white photographs have their pretty look good, but also into any other single color screen. So this type of photo is also very popular.
     Just on wedding photography perspective, if the number of shots too, will lack a sense of festivity, so there should be an appropriate proportion of the number of sheets to give customers choice.
     Not too much, not completely.
 
---------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. This type of photo shoot, the most important is the choice of the film, as long as black and white negatives, you can print out these photos of the tune.
2. During the shooting, we should pay attention to the color of the background and props to gray line better, because too black and too white background, props or costume will print out pictures generated all black or all white reaction, which is shooting black and white photographs should be common sense. Only when the appropriate gray line, via a single tone color prints out the overlay, will have rich level performance.

3. When shooting black and white photographs, proper control of exposure, you can get a beautiful tone. Not be used as a general portrait of color negative film shooting method, often with two or more speeds exposure compensation. Only the correct exposure, in order to avoid the loss of saturated tone.
4. Currently there is another film production, color prints directly, without having to manually via black and white syrup developing process, the effect is the same shot, it is more convenient negatives.
5. After the shooting, rinse out the film, you can wash out the pure black and white prints of black and white photographs by washing phase program. Or by printing chromatic color printing process, the wash-out single color photos.
 
================================
【Techniques term 4 Cross Process type】
 
---------------
[Characteristics and style analysis]
 
Cross Process type of photograph, is to positives to take pictures, and in developing the film, not the regular E-6 developing syrup to punching, replaced by general negative C-41 used in medicine to developing punching, thus making the original normal the positives, negatives into a negative form, not the normal use of such color film base color, and becomes extremely bright color performance.
     The most important feature is its very bright colors will produce on the screen, and the black and white contrast is great, the exposure latitude is also very narrow. All professional wedding photography and art photo shooting techniques, the most difficult to control exposure shooting type.

---------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
Such photos taken on the exposure control is difficult, but if you shoot successful, the screen will look unique and eye-catching.
     So whether it is a reaction, or evaluation of professional photographers who are generally quite high.
     But at the moment this type can make a good photo of the photographer is not much, after all, it is not generally used by professional portrait photography 160 degrees negatives, there is great exposure latitude, contrast is very low, it is easy to shoot soft tone portraits. And generally the photographer in order to avoid exposure and light than the complex and prevent failure, the composition also stays in close-up portrait type photo composition formula easier to shoot.
     So, nowadays have this type of photo composition class to close mostly difficult to transcend the composition of high-level work.
In fact, these photos in the shooting, if switch to portrait art type composition with a view to shoot, to grasp the scene, color and light saturation lighting and color schemes than other technologies, it works, can transcend portrait composition formula level type photos, reached the pinnacle of the art of portrait photography realm.

---------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. Key techniques of shooting two, one for the appropriate choice of film (actually positive).
In light when ample lighting environments, or hope to achieve strong contrast and texture portrait perfect results, use in low sensitivity of positives to shoot, for example, 64 degrees and 100 degrees positive, can get quite saturated with bright colors tones.
     Such sensitivity is positive very narrow exposure latitude, light a little careless ratio control, the exposure will fail, showing dark brown underexposed or overexposed dead white.
To avoid exposure to fail, or hope to get pictures of soft tone contrasts, you can use the positive 200 degrees or 400 degrees to shoot, the current slide to 200 degrees to shoot up due to its wide exposure latitude, is a better contrast than the soft shot and film types.
     It should also be noted that some of these positive after punching exception handling, and will favor a very yellow tone, or bias magenta, bright green and other colors, of course, this is also about taking pictures with the color temperature.
     All in all, the photographer should be adjusted according to their own preferences, in order to obtain the desired color.

2. The other is to control light ratio. When this type of photo shoot, who must calculate the ratio of the screen throughout the entire optical perfection, that bright part and dark contrast of preferably not more than third gear, otherwise it will form a very dark or very high contrast white phenomenon, so that the screen lost midtone colors.
     Especially when shooting a white dress in wedding photography, if the control light properly, it will only die white, but there is no middle tone level.
     Best overall negative exposure to open a file in order to get the most saturated colors in printing photos. Most taboo is underexposed, it will be difficult to see the formation of a dark picture brown tones.
3. When post-processing, to minimize the use of print soft focus, or vulnerable to the formation of black hair in the face portrait black penetrate into the white part of the site, and to become a very strange phenomenon.
     This is usually when the soft-focus prints after processing natural phenomenon, but in the positive negative impulse type picture, this phenomenon is more prominently revealed.
 
================================
【Techniques coarse texture type terminology 5】

---------------
[Characteristics and style]
 
Coarse texture of the type of picture that the particle image on the screen to give the picture a rough feeling, like when magnified over the net printing process to produce special effects, unlike other pursuits saturation, detailed texture of photo type.
     Because this type of photo imaging coarse particles, the density is not enough, so much the extent of the black and white contrast, photos of the dark black does not seem too strong, the Department will not look too bright pale color and tone of the entire screen dull and soft, is more elegant and rich artistic photo type.
 
---------------
[Reaction and Discussion]
 
Generally more unique and elegant character who can appreciate this type of photo style, elegance who studied photography, but also more fond of this type of picture.

But some lack ideas for photography and art, often can not accept a rough texture on the screen, would think it was caused by an amateur or non-professional film shoot, or even that the photographer has cut corners too.
     So when shooting this type of photo, best understand the customer's artistic accomplishment, in order to avoid self-defeating, to no avail.
 
---------------
[Techniques Description]
 
1. Ultra-high-sensitivity film shooting method
 
     This is the easiest way to obtain the image coarse particles. Such pictures are interested, you can choose when shooting high sensitivity film, film, such as 800 degrees or 1600 degrees, using 135mm camera to shoot, the effect will be more obvious when magnified.
     Flushing photo, because of its negative photographic emulsion itself is coarse particles high sensitivity, it is natural to get even rougher than the general negative image.
     And small negatives to enlarge larger picture, its phenomenon is even more evident coarse particles (135 film benefits ............).
2. Developing negatives sensitization method
 
     Namely the use of a sensitizer may be used to shoot the film is about 400 degrees, and the second gear is about intentionally underexposed, the underexposed film developing process by a part of the increase in the development time to compensate.
     Longer time due to the film in the developer, will form a photosensitive particle coarsening phenomenon, which is the commonly used method of developing sensitization.
     Using this method, the need to remember the exact number of files exposure when taking insufficient to compensate for your printing company in accordance with the formula back.
     Due to the current launch of the new film Jieyou fairly detailed image quality, it appears that such sensitization developing methods ineffective; but in the past - this is the most commonly used techniques of photography.
 
3. High magnification France
 
     Coarse particles will feature images that use film when high magnification, to achieve the effect of coarse-grained texture.
     General negatives enlarge or zoom magnification of up to more than twice the time, leaving the image to enlarge it certainly due to coarse particles and, when high magnification, the naked eye can clearly see it.
4 can also use poor shot, outline screen printing and other techniques to obtain the same coarse-textured photo
     Regardless of the method, when the exposure is best to shoot a little less than one file, so print out the photos will be richer coarse sense.
================================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Tips Node--Composition 2

===========================
【The term three key issues environment】
 
     In many of the photographic works of art, we often see some objects are an integral part of the environment of the body, the plot plays a role in contrast to enhance the expressive theme from...

Software Chapter Tips Node--Composition 2 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

===========================
【The term three key issues environment】
 
     In many of the photographic works of art, we often see some objects are an integral part of the environment of the body, the plot plays a role in contrast to enhance the expressive theme from the screen. Components of the environment as an object is in front of the main body, we call prospects; is behind the subject, we call background.
 
------------------------
1, [prospects]
 
     Prospects in front of the body, close to the camera position, they feature was like a big, dark shades, mostly in painted all around the edge, the use of foreground objects are usually trees, flowers, people and things can be. Accompany the body also can be both prospects.

---------------
A, using some of the rich features seasonal and local flowers and trees do prospects, rendering season atmosphere and local color, so that the screen has a rich flavor of life.
     Cross-stitch with spring, winter jasmine account for both seasonal outlook, but also so that the screen is full of spring; daisy, leaves do prospects, Autumn filled the screen; Gui with ice, snow sticks for prospects, the North as winter scene in front of its territory in person . Shooting Hainan scenery, with coconut trees, banana for prospects, full of exotic tropical; bamboo, Cotton Tree, with Southern local flavor.
     These themes are often the prospect of a strong contrast.
 
---------------
B, the prospects for strengthening the sense of space and sense of perspective picture.
 
     Structural picture of the lens close to some person or thing intentionally, it was like using a large, deep tone characteristics, and the distant scenery in sharp contrast to body size and tonal shades of contrast, to mobilize people to feel the visual space of the screen distance, the visual effect is like with the depth axis of the screen, people no longer feel the plane.

Some experienced photographer when shooting scenes content display space, the total strive to find the right prospects to emphasize near the far smaller sense of perspective, and often use similar outlook and vision in the scene, like people, trees, mountains and so on.
     Due to the different distance, the area occupied by the difference in the picture is larger, the laws of mobilizing people's visual imagination of space, the stronger, the more distinctive feel the depth axis.
 
---------------
C, highlight the picture content summary of force
 
     In the performance of some of the content-rich, complicated things when intends to show the things you want most characteristic part is placed in the foreground position, is an important means of strengthening the outstanding picture content
 
---------------
D, the use of foreground and background scenery for comparison content on to complete contrast to common practice the art of photography

---------------
E, prospects give people a sense of a subjective position
 
     Strengthen the sense of the status of the picture, such as doors, windows, buildings and other distinctive features of the landscape and foreground, so that in the picture has a large position to influence the psychological to the audience, potentially with the picture of the audience will be shortened distance between produce an immersive intimacy. This increase artistic appeal of the screen is very beneficial. Give the audience a sense of status, in other literary works of art are very important to fascinating, first introduced entry.
 
---------------
F, promising to increase the use of painting decorative beauty concept
 
     Some have rules, objects are arranged, and some objects with pattern shape, used for prospects to make the picture like a beautifully decorated picture frame or lace, like increasing the beauty, the picture looked lively, jumping

---------------
G, prospects for a balanced picture of the role of
 
     Sometimes we find that the vacancy is not balanced on the screen, such as when monotonous when cloudless sky, with drooping branches placed above the screen to make up for deficiencies in place; sometimes hid the bottom of the screen, top-heavy when available rocks , railings do prospects, deep tones make the picture suppress ground, stable, balanced role.
 
---------------
H, prospects for the use of virtual focus of expression, to give people a vague sense of beauty.
 
In recent years, many of the photographic works of art, many people in the foreground of use, often using virtual focus, messy scene to make prospects, virtual and chaos, the audience not only accept, but also feel interesting, which is due to people aesthetic art of photography is changing and developing, growing trend of natural, real, requiring the atmosphere.
     The prospect of virtual and chaos can emphasize the atmosphere and the prospects of this imaginary also helps to highlight the theme of the real to the imaginary lining reality. The prospect of chaos is the fight quotes.
     In fact, there is chaos rule, the shape of chaos, but the main highlight is without prejudice to the principle of chaos that even if the body were covered, I am afraid it is difficult to accept the audience, you are not satisfied, so it's principle is: "in realistic virtual chaos in seeking treatment. "

---------------
     Above that is the role of eight prospects. In fact, the prospect of using often play several roles at the same time one of the best shot a few eagles. Overall, the significance of the use of foreground images rich vocabulary and increase literary talent of the screen. But remember, the outlook is not abused, when dispensable, would rather not, in order to clean the screen; addition, shapes, lines, promising to be as beautiful structure, in close contact with the body and echoes, combined into a whole, to help express the theme thought.
 
------------------------
2, [background]
 
     Background behind the main means used to set off the main scene, in order to emphasize what the subject is in the environment, highlighting the main background image and rich connotation body plays an important role.
All artists are concerned about the role of modeling background, sculpture, painting, architecture and other arts have attached great importance to the subject of the background contrast.
     Similarly understand photographic artist, background on the success of a photography plays a key trend.

Tend to have this situation: shooting a work, subject, to accompany the body, the look, the attitude is very ideal, but because of bad background processing failed.
     Background photography picture selection, should pay attention to three aspects: a grasp; Second Jane; ratio of three
     First, grasp characteristics; Second concise; third is to have color contrast.
 
---------------
A, grasping feature
 
     First of all to grab some rich local characteristics, characteristics of the times as the background scenery, clear account of the timing of events, locations and time atmosphere to enhance the audience's understanding of the themes, which have characteristics of the times crawling scene, so that people understanding of the historical background.
     As a locomotive with smoke or factory chimneys as the background, in the fifties or make people feel booming business, motherland thriving scene, inspire aesthetic feelings of people;
     But today the eighties, such as the background still, it will be said to be contaminated, reflecting dock workers as well.

Shooting portraits also attaches great importance to the selected feature rich environment for the background to set off the character's career and personality traits. (Such as the girl can not be used as the background red flower), which is called environmental portraits.
     Environment figures contrast, there are positive backdrop background lining, contrasting points, such as the well-being of children with flowers blooming garden backdrop for the environment, is being lined;
     Such as hunger, poverty on children in the fast-paced world of bustling streets, is contrasting.
 
---------------
B, concise
 
     It has been said so, "different means of artistic expression of painting and photography, and that is the addition of painting with photography using a subtraction," because painting reflect life on the screen is always to add something, but photography is always reflect life do everything possible to subtract those unnecessary things. Which is important to prevent the background of the main highlight dispensable subtracted something to achieve simple and refined picture.
To distinguish them from the many photographs, found many experienced photographers are fully mobilized to achieve a variety of photographic techniques concise background.

Some with Yang angle to avoid the clutter of the scene on the horizon, the main object in the sky off cleanly;
     Some with bow angle to the road, water, grass for background, so that the main outline clear, concise obtain background;
     Some use backlighting, the background clutter lines hidden in the shadows;
     Some hide in the background with a mist of white haze; some with long focal length lens narrow background scenery excluded from the screen;
     Some use virtual focus soften background lines. These methods can achieve the desired result succinct background.
 
---------------
Contrast C, tone on
 
     In color photography have color contrast, so the body has a three-dimensional, spatial sense and clear contour lines, strengthen efforts visual.
Contour shape processing rules:
     Lining the main dark bright background;
     Lining the main bright dark background;
     Bright or dark gray body lining on neutral background;

The main light, background light, middle have dark contours;
     Body dark dark background, the intermediate contour line must be bright.
     Because photography is flat plastic arts, and if there is no comparison interval, the main image or tone on tone and context necessary to dissolve into one, the loss of the possibility of being visually identified, so it was the King tone contrast color screen, compared to means of delivery, with it, the screen image will be sent to the front of the audience projections.
Processing background screen photography is an important part of the structure, carefully select only in the shooting, in order to make an accurate picture content refined, so that the visual image of the perfect performance.
 
===========================
【The term four key questions blank specimens】
 
     In addition to the entity object photographed screen visible, there are some blank portion which is composed of the background of a single color, a gap is formed between the solid object.

Background color can be single sky, water, grassland, land or other features, due to the use of various photographic means reasons, they have lost the original physical image, and in the colors on the screen to form a single entity to set off other objects.
Blank although not object entity, but also on the screen is an indispensable part of it is the contact between the various objects on the screen to communicate, organize the relationship between them bond.
     Role blank on the screen, as the role of punctuation in the article as tricks to make the picture clear, Duanluofenming, Qimai smooth, but also help authors express emotions.
     The following detailed analysis about the process and the role played by a blank part of the screen:
 
---------------
1, leave some gaps on the screen to highlight the needs of the body
 
   To make the main eye-catching, with a visual impact, it is necessary to leave some gaps around, such as making the characters are always avoid the head, body and trees, houses, street lamps and other objects overlap, but will arrange a single character blank background colors are formed around the subject matter leave some gaps, can be said to be a law of the plastic arts.

Because people need to appreciate is that the object space, a beautiful work of art, if it is placed into a pile of clutter objects, it is difficult to appreciate its beauty, only to leave some space around it , fine art will release its artistic light.
 
---------------
2, a blank screen helps to create the mood of the screen
 
  If a picture is stuffed full of solid objects, with no gaps, will give a feeling of oppression, have the right to stay on a blank screen, will make the vision has room for maneuver, ideas have changed the possible.
     People often say: "Painting stay-thirds empty, angry along with hair." Remain blank when made??, will make the picture lively, ethereal handsome. The space is often filled with the author's feelings, thoughts of the audience, the realm of the works can be sublimated.
It is always a real extension of the blank screen at not exist in isolation. The so-called empty place is not empty, it is a real place against the background of the space and each other, before the formation of different associations and atmosphere.
 
---------------
Echoes the relationship between the various objects Condition 3, a blank screen or organization
 
Different spatial arrangements, to reflect the different echoes relationship.
     The so-called echo, always from a certain distance between the two objects formed, such as the two on objects close together, it does not matter echoes.

All objects due to different beginning, the use of different, different lines stretching direction, different light exposure so the situation will show a certain direction, there is support or oppose the relationship, to carefully observe the directionality of the object, and reasonable arrangements blank distance to organize their mutual relationship echoes.
 
---------------
4, movement blank specimens and objects related
 
The general rule is: the object is moving, such as traveling people, Mercedes-Benz cars and other objects, to leave some empty space in front, so as to enable the movement of objects there is room for stretching, the audience heart also feel smooth, deepen feel the movement of objects, people's attention is also desirable that people appreciate having a psychological requirements.
     In short, we should be good flexibility, with the original use of the blank.
 
---------------
5, blank and occupied an area the size of the physical screen, but also to meet a certain ratio between
 
  To prevent an area equal, symmetrical, in general, the total area of ??the space of the screen is larger than the area occupied by the entity object, the picture only looked ethereal, delicate and pretty.
     If the entity object is larger than the total area occupied by the space, the picture focuses on realism, but both on the screen if the total area equal to, the impression becomes dull mediocrity, which is a form of feeling.

Chinese ancient painting discourse: "sparse be cursory, airtight." That walk on the extreme point density layout, to strengthen certain feelings of the audience, to create their own style.
     The proportion of homes and leaving blank the space at the real change is indeed an important means of creative screen layout.
 
===========================
【The term five key issues balanced picture】
 
     In real life, all objects have a balanced and stable forms: a table with four legs are strong, if three legs then it must form a balanced tripod full potential until firm; build a house if the big little below the top, it gives a kind of shaky feeling; Tiaodan child a heavy one light, people walking difficulties; work in people's attitude is clearly determined to meet the labor body balanced attitude ...... features.
     Many people living culture phenomenon requires a balanced mental, and play a role in people's aesthetic process.
Under normal circumstances a picture should be balanced, stable, people feel stable, harmonious and complete. It requires a balanced use of psychological factors that can come from several aspects emphasized expressive picture:


1, emphasizes a dignified, solemn atmosphere, require a balanced picture of a smooth, even intentionally taken symmetric equilibrium, a quaint solemn relations from a symmetric equilibrium cautiously shows.
2, in some emphasis on elegant, quiet, lovely lyrical scenery picture and lively characters, plot screen, the required changes can have on the balance of the screen there are dense sparse, there is virtual, but the overall requirement is balanced the.
3, also can be balanced using the other hand. That intentionally violate the law of equilibrium, so that people do not balanced picture caused some unrest sense, like being an external shock like. Uneven declension use the form to express the profound themes.
 
===========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Tips Node--Composition 1

===========================
【Photography composition concept】

 
     Refers to the object in real life three-dimensional space environment using visual features, the organic reproduction of two-dimensional space defined by the corner, and to assume a prominent subject...

Software Chapter Tips Node--Composition 1 - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

===========================
【Photography composition concept】

 
     Refers to the object in real life three-dimensional space environment using visual features, the organic reproduction of two-dimensional space defined by the corner, and to assume a prominent subject, to attract attention, to simplify the messy, given the role of balanced harmony of the screen, and for more information interpretation conveyed through the screen structure, reflecting the author's understanding and feelings of a thing.
     "Photographic composition" is based on people and then rose from the success of photography out of a set of summarized experience "theory."
 
===========================
【Composition term】
 
 
---------------
1 [concept]
 
     The term composition is the English transliteration COMPOSITION for plastic arts terminology.
     Its meaning is: the composition of the various parts, combined, configured and collate a higher an artistic picture.
     In the "dictionary" in talking about the whole "composition" is the theme of the artist and beauty in order to show the effect of the work, in a certain space, arrange and handle people, relationships, and position objects, the image of the composition of the individual or local art.
     Referred to as "tricks" or "layout" in Chinese traditional painting.
     This terminology contains a basic and general sense, that is, those parts of the unified whole, in a limited space or plane shown by the image of the author are organized to form a specific structure of the screen, in order to achieve the photographer performance intent.

     In short, the composition refers to how people, scenery, objects in the picture which way to get the best layout arrangement, is a method of combining the image, is the sum of all the means of revealing the image of.
     In a nutshell, the so-called composition, that is, the use of visual elements constitute the artists on the screen according to space them organized, in terms of resorting to the visual beauty of form point, line, shape, light, shade, color co-ordination .
 
---------------
2 [purpose]
 
     The idea of typifying a person or scene to be stressed, highlighting thereby abandon those general, surface, tedious, minor things, and properly arrange to accompany the body, choose the environment that works better than real life, stronger, better, more focused, more typical, more desirable to enhance the artistic effect.
     In general, a person is to be passed to other people's thoughts and feelings art, words can truly express the purpose of composition.

===========================
【Term tone】
 
 
     In photography composition in the form of performance, a moving and powerful performance tone to get through, but in the tone of the performance to be in line with local tone should be subordinated to the overall tone;
     By contrast, the United States, the beauty of harmony, rhythm, beauty, rhythm of the United States, the ratio of the United States, the balance of the United States, the movement of America ......
     Seek changes in unity, seeking comprehensive use of unified law in change, to the beauty of the photographic images momentum to creative expression.
Principal photography of objects, from an objective reality, in the form of screen performance, it should be bold, rational create and improve screen.
     In this process, there is also the picture of the finishing process, which is the problem of clipping, cropping the picture in the form of trade-offs is a local increase or decrease the overall organizational relationships, to every local needs are subordinated to the whole.

===========================
【Key issues  term a creative composition】
 
 
---------------
1, [theme formation]
 
The image of the original intent of the artist's creative activity, art differs from the copy of the main dietary life and imagination to create, including the photographer's view of the passion and creativity, contains the image of the thinking power and generalization.
     Undoubtedly, each photographer at any moment of his life, thoughts and feelings are likely to be occupied or some kind of excitement, and sometimes these thoughts and feelings make it difficult for him to get rid of. So he began in real life environments such thoughts and feelings eagerly looking performance. Photographer living in the moment to create photographic works of art, this is a strange form of passion and rising.
     So some people have this passion referred to as "inspiration" thing. Such inspiration, psychologists believe is a psychological phenomenon in creating activities.

Inspiration is due to the sudden outbreak of highly concentrated thought out creative ability. But inspiration is not coming out of thin air, often after some brood emerged, often with inspiration coming of a certain chance, sometimes inadvertently triggered. Inspired a lot of opportunities, the role of the various factors that actually inspired the photographer to promote the flow of the imagination, unsettled moment become clear thoughts and feelings and find emotional show the beauty of form.
     Comrade Zhou Enlai said, "long-term accumulation of by chance," he explained, "This was the chance of life is built on a long-term basis and accomplishment from something in common, except talented artist to be able to discover America create beauty. "Just as Rodin said, "beauty everywhere, only sincere and full of emotion people can find it."
     Life and beauty tightly linked eating everything in life all the beauty factor, the key lies in the artist's sensitivity and imagination.
     Higher than normal sensitive artist from continuous efforts to observe life and artistic accomplishment.

Theme mining photography derived from life. Form the subject of more intense due to the photographer creative desires and creative impulses. Theme is the soul, what are thoughtful. "Intended to be taken," is said to be taken before conception, meaning that is the theme of a topic to form one inseparable from social practice photographer living in long-term practice of gradually bred together, the second is extracted from the material the.
 
---------------
2, [theme and composition]
 
After the theme established, artistic conception is the image of the most active phase of thinking, at this stage, although the image, but not the practice stage. Therefore, the fact that there are a number of details or characters may still imperfect, and to complete the creative intent, must specifically conceived in the image and the picture portrayed. How performance is a skill problem, but skills is an integral part of the whole idea, and the idea of mature and depends on the depth understanding.

In order to obtain expressive artists looking on the screen saying "shape motivation" object binding and various changes in order to find out the best one, this is the composition.
It embodies the idea works out from the composition, no idea there is no composition, the process of composition is the process of developing ideas and deep themes.
Every artist living in the real society, with its own roots soil - the people and life. Left the fertile soil, the tree of life will wither, the light goes out of art. Works always reflect the author's feelings about life, thinking, judgment and conclusion, it can be seen through the works of the author's literacy, thinking, personality, taste, requirements and aspirations behind the work is the author's personality, the real creation activities, the image of a strong personality.


Composition has its own rules and methods, the photographer based on their intrinsic sensitivity to composition, shape visual art is the art of composition by eye can distinguish good and bad. Patterned features on its quality, so that the viewer should first go to work without the title, and without introduction and notes, with visual intuition can immediately feel the author's intentions.
     Can not rely on word of Tech, speak with the title, by the structure of the human, physical, King and the entire screen to express feelings and to express the author's passionate love for life. Theme of the work, it is through the author's vivid shape the typical image has a distinct personality manifested only such works, to make the audience have as heard, as reflected in its people, immersive real sense.
So before patterning process in photography, first look for creative motivation (motivation conception, modeling of motivation), and the composition is a process of creating works of art, all the elements of the composition is a comprehensive work of art. This comprehensive, is able to more fully and more effectively the performance of ideological intent, which is the author's thinking is reflected to be works of art in the form of feelings to the process, so that the composition is in accordance with the content of works of art to all forms factors connected together.

===========================
【The term two key issues to accompany the body】

 
     Refers to accompany the body on the screen and the body to a certain plot, features and content to help target the expression of the subject.
     Organization to screen up to accompany the body is the object of some status, body composition and plot them on deepening the subject content, to help explain the main characteristics play an important role.
     Due to accompany the body on the screen, the visual language will be much more accurate and vivid.
Its role has the following characteristics:
 
---------------
1, deepen the main connotation
 
     From the works of "technical leather fans" to illustrate the main screen are two workers to accompany the body is a machine gears and table rice, machinery and workers and rice together constitute the production of technical leather plot. Due to accompany the body as a large machine next to the work table where the hold rice, workers are concentrating on research, so many plot hidden meaning, machines and table rice, the workers figurative language, it reflects the workers in the four modernizations, the sleepless nights to engage a true portrayal of technical leathers, here to accompany the body to help express the visual language is difficult to express in words.

---------------
2, the picture handle to accompany the body, in essence, is to properly handle the plot
 
     Accompany the body to be able to choose the character characterization, description feature event, which is to have a typical (such as "old age music").
 
---------------
3, the picture must accompany the body's arrangements do not undermine the main principle, not overwhelming
 
     Accompany the body on the screen area occupied much, arrange colors, trend lines, the characters look action, should cooperate closely with the main, closely related, can not be divorced from the body.
     Due to the severity of the screen layout of primary and secondary points, so often accompany the body in the picture is incomplete, leaving only able to explain that part always enough.
     Accompany the whole body, the body will weaken, not Tandaqiuquan, starting from the actual results, the choice people have a sense of proportion.

---------------
4, Handle to accompany the body has a direct and indirect treatment
 
Direct treatment -
 
     Sometimes accompany the body is not directly seen in the case of painting, we say to accompany the body, although the plot is constituted with the main object, but there are some pictures with the main plot is not among the objects that make up the picture, and in addition to the screen. The main action on the screen look with an object other than the linked picture, although it did not show the object on the screen, but it will appear in the viewer's imagination, this performance we called indirect manifestations accompany the body .
 
Indirect processing -
 
   Indirect process to accompany the body, it is important that arrangements must skillfully guided imagined media.
Indirect processing accompany the body is an artistic structure of the screen, it can expand the capacity of the picture of life, and create art paintings, let the viewer's imagination to participate in the creation of pictorial aroused interest and appreciation of room aftertaste. Therefore, the structure of the picture like to do outside see Italy, painted outside painting, limited format, limited Painting.
 
===========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】
生活LOFT

Software Chapter Art Node--News Image Photography

============================
【Concept】
 
     Through visual means to convey the news genre information is an important part of the news.
     The picture is just a narrow news refers to news photos.
 
============================
【Species term...

Software Chapter Art Node--News Image Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

============================
【Concept】
 
     Through visual means to convey the news genre information is an important part of the news.
     The picture is just a narrow news refers to news photos.
 
============================
【Species term】
 
----------------
1 [News Photos]
 
Shooting newsworthy people, objects, landscapes, is to reproduce the people, things, King's original appearance.
     Its characteristics are profiling, photo made ??pictures mainly play the role of news and information dissemination, some photos have art value, to beautify newspapers made ??pictures.
 
----------------
2 [News Chart]
 
First, the statistics tabulation drawing, 筻 focus on the reader to read at a glance.
     Second, the diagram will not only focus on the statistics plotted, and use visualization techniques indicate that analogy or comparative figures are more vivid.
     Characteristics are shaped table to form a solid and hands. Schematic used to express political, economic and military situation.
     Some kind of situation map published separately, or with news and reviews with Commentary published. Chart numbers, facts and location must be strictly true.
 
----------------
3 [News Map]
 
Characteristics are shaped table real, between ideographic situation.
     Not at liberty to draw the map, must strictly follow the map to indicate the proportion of the original location.
     Can be used with text news release, only that geographical factors news of things, or as an independent news map was published, together with the text, mainly from the amount of the overall situation in certain position to disseminate news and information.
 
----------------
4 [News Comic]
 
Newsletter cartoons or custom comic, ironic and humorous effect, characteristics are shaped by ideographic.
     Means the author of many social phenomena out of some kind of abstract views and tendencies, form refers to a variety of images and forms, can be funny or exaggerated to express the author's opinions and tendencies.
     Is a painting, but also a strong journalistic, often for praise, criticism, or even argue, struggle means.
 
----------------
5 [News sketch]
 
In reality newsmakers and things for painting objects.
     Seize its moment of dynamic image sketch into a painting, to disseminate news and information.
     Features are painted shape, newsmakers and things can not be fully restored to true colors, and can not take the typical creative techniques of painting.
 
============================
【Select standard terminology】
 
-------------
1 [Original Quality]
 
(1) news value (true, new, live, love, meaning);
Integrated visual effect (2) to picture generated
 
-------------
2 [plate technology requirements]
 
Require photo picture of the scene have levels, according to the system out of the picture will show a rich three-dimensional.
     The newspaper published the picture to zoom in or zoom out, zoom-plate change will lead to false, ambiguous; narrow plate, difficult to clear, this is the picture selection problem can not be ignored.
     Picture background and subject to coordination. A clear picture of the scene contrast, require distinct contrast of black and white lines, otherwise the effect is not ideal.
 
3 [quality newspaper paper]
 
     Where the quality of the picture itself is the deciding factor, plate and sheet will affect the picture visual effects.
 
============================
【Cut choreography term】
 
-----------------
1 [cut]
 
(A) cut principles: form follows content, prioritize.
(2) changes in the composition structure cut role :( determine frame ratio.)
     News photos tailoring role has two, one to correct the shortcomings of the screen technology, two prominent news pictures of the body.
(3) news photo images often appear technical shortcomings and corrective methods: tilt the screen, giving the feeling of imbalance.
(4) Press photo in photography state, need to cut processing into news state. The purpose is to highlight news main image, especially to be able to express the essence of the main image information, so that readers can quickly focus on the viewpoint, produced a strong impression. More profound understanding of the content and meaning of the image information, but also to preserve memories.
     Tailoring approach is willing to cut off relations with the main screen is not part of, or out of the main part of the effect of amplifying the most information dissemination made ??pictures. Require editing when looking at photos of the original, to look like as a viewfinder when shooting, both the subject and the scene attention, and carefully observe the main characteristics to identify the most representative image to. Examine the thinking at this time, can not be limited to the photo itself, but also consider the prevailing situation and the reader's overall acceptance of psychology.

-----------------
2 [Photo caption]
 
Caption generally consists of three parts
Information content (1) The transmission of the picture portion can not be expressed well by the image itself exactly
(2) the author, including news photos of the photographer
(3) press unit
     Divided by the delivery of an individual paintings and photos, description dispatch units, in order to explain the source of the picture, is responsible to the reader, the reader's reference level of trust factor.
 
============================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Art Node--Folk Photography

===========================
【Concept】
 
     In a nutshell, that is, to things like the theme of folk photography categories, layman's terms, is to use the camera to shoot people their lives
 
===========================
【Features term】
 
1 is essentially based...

Software Chapter Art Node--Folk Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

===========================
【Concept】
 
     In a nutshell, that is, to things like the theme of folk photography categories, layman's terms, is to use the camera to shoot people their lives
 
===========================
【Features term】
 
1 is essentially based photography people's eyes, to the intake of different ethnic groups, people of different backgrounds living condition, survival, life interesting, and constitutes a colorful mix of folk customs.
2 has a very strong discipline marginal, it has a direct or indirect contact with the many disciplines such as folklore, ethnology, anthropology, archeology, history, etc., which is extremely esoteric knowledge.
3 thematic group photo with the whole family group photos form is complete and reflects the style of folk art of photography
 
===========================
【Request term】
 
1 should show folk characteristics, in order to create a rich folk characteristics of multi-faceted, multi-angle to refine the special screening of the subject.
2 should show folk photography features. Folk Photography is a national advocate for the photographer along to explore the subject in depth and complete analysis. Folk photographer is to make life in depth, deep material, the series completely to reflect folk customs.
 
===========================
【Term manifestations】
 
     Folk Photography belong documentary photography category, emphasizing preparation for any folk activities, carried out stage, climax and ending, beginning and an end to the whole documentary process.
     So, photography manifestations of folk photography should be complete folk thing as thematic group photos.
 
===========================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Art Node--Portrait Photography

==============================
【Feature term】
 
     Image both characters and the story about the characters.
     Portrait photographers in shooting shape characteristics of the characters, but also captured the character's personality traits....

Software Chapter Art Node--Portrait Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

==============================
【Feature term】
 
     Image both characters and the story about the characters.
     Portrait photographers in shooting shape characteristics of the characters, but also captured the character's personality traits.
 
==============================
【Classification terminology】
 
1. official portrait
2 body portrait
 
3 informal portrait
 
4 casual portrait
 
5 Alternative Portraits
 
==============================
【Term Shooting tips】
 
--------------
[Camera angle]
 
1 slightly higher angle, you can make people a little plump little thin;
2 slightly lower angle, you can make a little delicate little fat people;
3 cheeks over the square side should point shooting;
4 double zygomatic excessive Yi Ching point shooting;
5 nose should not be too high side beat;
6 flat facial structure should forehand.
 
--------------
[Integration factor]
 
     To be able to fully reflect the character portraits, but also pay attention to the character of the close-up, close-up, medium shot, panorama shot and film scenes in scheduling, as well as the plot of the film materials organically combine the atmosphere, tone, spatial position , scenic environments and characters of the lens together.
 
--------------
Need to consider the following points
1 Taking portrait photos first thing to do is to carefully understand your subject.
2 shot cameras and lenses
3 angle shot
 
==============================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Art Node--Photographic Art

============================
【Concept】
 
     A plastic arts.
     To cameras and photographic materials as a tool, the use of picture composition, light, shadow tone (or tones), and other means to express the theme of modeling and obtain its artistic...

Software Chapter Art Node--Photographic Art - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

============================
【Concept】
 
     A plastic arts.
     To cameras and photographic materials as a tool, the use of picture composition, light, shadow tone (or tones), and other means to express the theme of modeling and obtain its artistic image. Photographer using a camera to reflect the social life and natural phenomena, express thoughts and feelings. According to the idea of ??artistic creation, the use of photography modeling techniques, through the production process darkroom procedures have made ??artistic appeal photos.
     Including all art and photography-related activities in a broad sense;
     Especially in the narrow sense can exist as a variety of art that part of photography
 
============================
【Classification terminology】
 
     Landscapes, still life photographs, portraits, custom photos, news, pictures, etc.
 
============================
【Plastic arts terminology】
 
     The photographer to use the camera as a basic tool, based on the idea of ??the creation of the characters or scenes filmed, now through darkroom process, create a visual image of the art to reflect the social life and natural phenomena, and to express thoughts and feelings of a art style.
 
============================
【Comparison of Western art photography terminology】
 
-------------
1, [theme]
 
     Due to the West in the relationship between man and nature awareness of differences, resulting in dominant art photography photography themes are different: body / landscape
 
-------------
2, [performance practices]
 
     Because in the world of Western art reflects different ways, resulting in performance art photography practices have focused on: realistic / impressionistic
 
-------------
3, [aesthetic ideal]
 
     Because different Western artistic tradition and aesthetic pursuit, resulting in art photography to reflect its different forms of aesthetic ideal; typical / mood.
 
============================
【Photography evaluation terminology】
 
     Photography art is a relatively young art categories, each of which is closely associated with the era of high-tech development and developing.
     Photographic Art is a high-level overview of reality; derived from life than life image work; Ya is a noble culture.
     Art is an expression of the author's photography, as talk is an expression, writing is an expression of the same.
     Expression of a variety of photography can be "beautiful", "Still Life", "portrait", can also be "documentary", "folk", "concept", the expression does not hierarchical.
  Learning is not just learning photography aperture, focal length, exposure, color temperature, contrast, sensitivity, white balance and the like technical knowledge, not just to learn composition, shape, color, light and shadow, and so aesthetic knowledge, as well as learning foreign outstanding photographers, photographers see pictures and treatises friends, and so on.
     Also, learn some classes, such as philosophy, anthropology, sociology, history, history of art seems little direct relationship with photography knowledge.
 
============================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Genre Node--Ink Photography

================================
【Concept】
 
     As the name suggests, is to use the camera to shoot pictures of ink painting style. Imitation of Chinese painting effect.
     In a narrow sense, refers to the black, white and gray as the main color...

Software Chapter Genre Node--Ink Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

================================
【Concept】
 
     As the name suggests, is to use the camera to shoot pictures of ink painting style. Imitation of Chinese painting effect.
     In a narrow sense, refers to the black, white and gray as the main color, and has a black and white photograph of Chinese painting means.
     Broadly, ink style photography refers to photographs of all imitation painting effects, including black and white and color.
 
================================
【Classification terminology a press theme】
 
     Since it is a fake painting effect, the classification can also learn traditional Chinese painting category.
 
     Landscape Photography / birds
 
1, ink landscape photography grew out of Chinese landscape painting, the emphasis is on the actual situation, the general photography enthusiasts like to shoot clouds, clouds in itself because there is a painting of taste.
 
2 Compared with ink style landscape works, bird theme on the subject and angle selection more attention. Because the film are some of the subtle things.
     The blank screen background is the ability to test the photographer's viewfinder.
     If you are using photoshop late matting, often results untrue; but if the rate of white cloth in the back of plants, in most situation is unrealistic.
     So, experienced photographers usually relatively clean background with nature, post processing can appear a little good effect.
 
================================
【2 Press style classification terminology】
 
     Impressionistic / realistic
 
================================
【Term shooting method】
 
-------------
1, [What is Ink]
 
    Ink is a form of traditional Chinese painting unique. Using ink shades to represent the object distance, density. Although the color is not rich, but shades of ink smudges, but it gives a quiet Flirting mood.
Another factor is the ink composition. Chinese painting exquisite composition. One important way is to "blank." In other words, the screen is not filled full of objects. White to express mood.

-------------
2 [with the way photography exhibit Ink effect]

    In accordance with the previous paragraph, the two elements of ink: ink shades and patterned blank. As long as a good grasp of these two points, the effect of the photo shoot ink is much simpler. But before the shooting, it is strongly recommended that the faithful see more proactive Chinese painting. Especially the works before the Qing Dynasty.
Only heart ink, you can shoot ink effect!
This is the photographer's perspective to foster problem. Because some good ink photography, drawing on flowers and vine leaves. Very common subjects, the camera and the technical requirements are not high, but some people can find this angle. Some people do not see.

-------------
3 [Note Highlights]
 
Ink effect blank is very important, how to do the filming this? To try to make the photo background clean. You can use the lens blur, you can also use a white cloth on the objects of the class. Of course, if you're shooting landscapes, then the clouds is the best way blank. If you are shooting birds, you can use the sky as a background.
    In short, we must allow background clean. Facilitate post-processing.

-------------
4 [post-processing]
 
Do the above three points, even if your photos are excellent material of ink. But to form an outstanding photography. Post-production is essential. General use software PHOTOSHOP. You can brighten the background of the photo by adjusting the curve, contrast, white, forming a white ink painting effect. In addition, by reducing the saturation, as well as in terms of black and white photography to take the mere mention of the subject into the ink color. Thus, an ink painting is basically forming a.

-------------
5 [punchline]
 
    If you want to make a fake painting effect, then inscription and seal is essential. Calligraphy inscription that matter, write a poem, write your name, date of filming and the like. Seal can download a template. Thus, the white ink redness. An imitation Ink photography is complete.
 
================================
【Ink Photography Terminology】
 
    A photographic method, namely the ink drops in water, and then photographed the ink gradually spread morphology. Called "Ink Photography."
    However, this "ink" nor "ink." Therefore distinguishable.
 
================================

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

生活LOFT

Software Chapter Genre Node--Surrealism Photograph

===============================
【Concept】
 
    This genre has a more rigorous program of art and art theory.
    Tap new, has not been explored that part of the human "soul of the world." Thus, the human subconscious activity, occasional inspiration...

Software Chapter Genre Node--Surrealism Photography - 生活LOFT - 生活LOFT / Life LOFT

 

===============================
【Concept】
 
    This genre has a more rigorous program of art and art theory.
    Tap new, has not been explored that part of the human "soul of the world." Thus, the human subconscious activity, occasional inspiration and fantasy has become ultra-realistic photography object artists deliberately performance.
 
===============================
【History term】
 
-------------
1 [rise]
 
    In a 1930s formalism of photography genre.
 
-------------
2 [from]
 
    French writer Bole East (Andre Breton) published in 1924 in the "Declaration of Surrealism."
 
-------------
3 [founder]
 
     British photographer silk cloth Dayton and the United States remain Quayle (1880-1945).
 
-------------
4 [completers]
 
    British stage photographer Mark Penn (1905-?)
 
-------------
5 [disappear]
 
    Surrealism early death in 1966 along with Indre · Braden rather fade away
 
===============================
【Philosophical foundation of the term】
 
    Bergson (Henri Bergson) intuitionism
And
    Freud (Sigmund Freud) psychoanalytic theory
 
===============================
【Features term】
 
    Deliberately target performance is human subconscious activity, occasional inspiration, psychological metamorphosis and fantasy, with scissors, paste, darkroom techniques as the primary means, in the works screen image will be piling up, patchwork, restructuring, any exaggeration, deformation, creating a realistic and imaginary, surreal "art realm" between the concrete and the abstract.
 
===============================
【Charm term】
 
    Each works as a kind of visual images of objects are symbols appear, surrealist photography home these symbols for words to create "images sentence," and this "image sentence" It is difficult can be translated into "language sentence" This sentence also tend to contain a mood, a ray of poetry, some sensuality and a modicum of political overtones, the implied meaning is also ultra-realistic works of art charm lies.
 
===============================

 

【Article is excerpted from: Web Search】
【Reserved Integrate / Just Reference】
【Translation is by The Network】

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